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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Materials Chemistry

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Upgrading Malic Acid To Bio-Based Benzoates Via A Diels–Alder-Initiated Sequence With The Methyl Coumalate Platform, Jennifer J. Lee, Gerald R. Pollock Iii, Donald Mitchell, Lindsay Kasuga, George A. Kraus Sep 2014

Upgrading Malic Acid To Bio-Based Benzoates Via A Diels–Alder-Initiated Sequence With The Methyl Coumalate Platform, Jennifer J. Lee, Gerald R. Pollock Iii, Donald Mitchell, Lindsay Kasuga, George A. Kraus

Chemistry Publications

The conversion of naturally-occurring malic acid to the 2-pyrone methyl coumalate was optimized using a variety of acid catalysts. Coupling methyl coumalate with electron-rich dienophiles in an inverse electron-demand Diels–Alder (IEDDA)/decarboxylation/elimination domino sequence resulted in an investigation of the scope and limitations of the methodology. The thermal, metal-free, and one-pot procedure allows regioselective access to diverse aromatic compounds including tricyclic, biphenyl, and pyridinyl systems for elaboration. A comparison with analogous pyrones demonstrates the striking efficacy of methyl coumalate as a versatile platform for the generation of biorenewable functionalized benzoates.


Development Of A Scanning Angle Total Internal Reflection Raman Spectrometer, Kristopher J. Mckee, Emily A. Smith Apr 2010

Development Of A Scanning Angle Total Internal Reflection Raman Spectrometer, Kristopher J. Mckee, Emily A. Smith

Chemistry Publications

A scanning angle total internal reflection (SATIR) Raman spectrometer has been developed for measuring interfacial phenomena with chemical specificity and high axial resolution perpendicular to the interface. The instrument platform is an inverted optical microscope with added automated variable angle optics to control the angle of an incident laser on a prism/sample interface. These optics include two motorized translation stages, the first containing a focusing lens and the second a variable angle galvanometer mirror. The movement of all instrument components is coordinated to ensure that the same sample location and area are probed at each angle. At angles greater ...