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Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry Commons

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Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Medicinal-Pharmaceutical Chemistry

Mechanism For Apobec3g Catalytic Exclusion Of Rna And Non-Substrate Dna, William C. Solomon, Wazo Myint, Shurong Hou, Tapan Kanai, Rashmi Tripathi, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer, Hiroshi Matsuo Aug 2019

Mechanism For Apobec3g Catalytic Exclusion Of Rna And Non-Substrate Dna, William C. Solomon, Wazo Myint, Shurong Hou, Tapan Kanai, Rashmi Tripathi, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer, Hiroshi Matsuo

Schiffer Lab Publications

The potent antiretroviral protein APOBEC3G (A3G) specifically targets and deaminates deoxycytidine nucleotides, generating deoxyuridine, in single stranded DNA (ssDNA) intermediates produced during HIV replication. A non-catalytic domain in A3G binds strongly to RNA, an interaction crucial for recruitment of A3G to the virion; yet, A3G displays no deamination activity for cytidines in viral RNA. Here, we report NMR and molecular dynamics (MD) simulation analysis for interactions between A3Gctd and multiple substrate or non-substrate DNA and RNA, in combination with deamination assays. NMR ssDNA-binding experiments revealed that the interaction with residues in helix1 and loop1 (T201-L220) distinguishes the binding mode of ...


Molecular And Structural Mechanism Of Pan-Genotypic Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibition By Glecaprevir, Jennifer Timm, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Mina Henes, Florian Leidner, Shurong Hou, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer Jul 2019

Molecular And Structural Mechanism Of Pan-Genotypic Hcv Ns3/4a Protease Inhibition By Glecaprevir, Jennifer Timm, Klajdi Kosovrasti, Mina Henes, Florian Leidner, Shurong Hou, Akbar Ali, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Hepatitis C virus (HCV), causative agent of chronic viral hepatitis, infects 71 million people worldwide and is divided into seven genotypes and multiple subtypes with sequence identities between 68 to 82%. While older generation direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) had varying effectiveness against different genotypes, the newest NS3/4A protease inhibitors including glecaprevir (GLE) have pan-genotypic activity. The structural basis for pan-genotypic inhibition and effects of polymorphisms on inhibitor potency were not well known due to lack of crystal structures of GLE-bound NS3/4A or genotypes other than 1. In this study, we determined the crystal structures of NS3/4A from genotypes ...


Development Of A Suicide Inhibition-Based Protein Labeling Strategy For Nicotinamide N-Methyltransferase, Sudeshna Sen, Santanu Mondal, Li Zheng, Ari J. Salinger, Walter Fast, Eranthie Weerapana, Paul R. Thompson Apr 2019

Development Of A Suicide Inhibition-Based Protein Labeling Strategy For Nicotinamide N-Methyltransferase, Sudeshna Sen, Santanu Mondal, Li Zheng, Ari J. Salinger, Walter Fast, Eranthie Weerapana, Paul R. Thompson

University of Massachusetts Medical School Publications

Nicotinamide N-methyltransferase (NNMT) catalyzes the S-adenosyl-l-methionine-dependent methylation of nicotinamide to form N-methylnicotinamide. This enzyme detoxifies xenobiotics and regulates NAD+ biosynthesis. Additionally, NNMT is overexpressed in various cancers. Herein, we describe the first NNMT-targeted suicide substrates. These compounds, which include 4-chloropyridine and 4-chloronicotinamide, exploit the broad substrate scope of NNMT; methylation of the pyridine nitrogen enhances the electrophilicity of the C4 position, thereby promoting an aromatic nucleophilic substitution by C159, a noncatalytic cysteine. On the basis of this activity, we developed a suicide inhibition-based protein labeling strategy using an alkyne-substituted 4-chloropyridine that selectively labels NNMT in vitro and in cells. In ...


Purification And Characterization Of A Nonspecific Lipid Transfer Protein 1 (Nsltp1) From Ajwain (Trachyspermum Ammi) Seeds, Meshal Nazeer, Humera Waheed, Maria Saeed, Saman Yousuf Ali, M. Iqbal Choudhary, Zaheer Ul-Haq, Aftab Ahmed Mar 2019

Purification And Characterization Of A Nonspecific Lipid Transfer Protein 1 (Nsltp1) From Ajwain (Trachyspermum Ammi) Seeds, Meshal Nazeer, Humera Waheed, Maria Saeed, Saman Yousuf Ali, M. Iqbal Choudhary, Zaheer Ul-Haq, Aftab Ahmed

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi) belongs to the family Umbelliferae, is commonly used in traditional, and folk medicine due to its carminative, stimulant, antiseptic, diuretic, antihypertensive, and hepatoprotective activities. Non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) reported from various plants are known to be involved in transferring lipids between membranes and in plants defense response. Here, we describe the complete primary structure of a monomeric non-specific lipid transfer protein 1 (nsLTP1), with molecular weight of 9.66 kDa, from ajwain seeds. The nsLTP1 has been purified by combination of chromatographic techniques, and further characterized by mass spectrometry, and Edman degradation. The ajwain nsLTP1 is ...


Thioredoxin Modulates Protein Arginine Deiminase 4 (Pad4)-Catalyzed Citrullination, Mitesh Nagar, Ronak Tilvawala, Paul R. Thompson Feb 2019

Thioredoxin Modulates Protein Arginine Deiminase 4 (Pad4)-Catalyzed Citrullination, Mitesh Nagar, Ronak Tilvawala, Paul R. Thompson

Open Access Articles

Protein citrullination is a post-translational modification catalyzed by the protein arginine deiminases (PADs). This modification plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of numerous autoimmune disorders including RA. Recently, there has been a growing interest in investigating physiological regulators of PAD activity to understand the primary cause of the associated disorders. Apart from calcium, it is well-documented that a reducing environment activates the PADs. Although the concentration of thioredoxin (hTRX), an oxidoreductase that maintains the cellular reducing environment, is elevated in RA patients, its contribution toward RA progression or PAD activity has not been explored. Herein, we demonstrate that hTRX ...


Bisthioether Stapled Peptides Targeting Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Gene Repression, Gan Zhang Feb 2019

Bisthioether Stapled Peptides Targeting Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 Gene Repression, Gan Zhang

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Interactions between proteins play a key role in nearly all cellular process, and therefore, disruption of such interactions may lead to many different types of cellular dysfunctions. Hence, pathologic protein-protein interactions (PPIs) constitute highly attractive drug targets and hold great potential for developing novel therapeutic agents for the treatment of incurable human diseases. Unfortunately, the identification of PPI inhibitors is an extremely challenging task, since traditionally used small molecule ligands are mostly unable to cover and anchor on the extensive flat surfaces that define those binary protein complexes. In contrast, large biomolecules such as proteins or peptides are ideal fits ...


Isolation And Identification Of Hsc70 Conjugates In Raw264.7 Murine Macrophage-Like Cells, Michael Arland Parsons Jan 2019

Isolation And Identification Of Hsc70 Conjugates In Raw264.7 Murine Macrophage-Like Cells, Michael Arland Parsons

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

IL12R- β2 is a Type I cytokine receptor and contains the WXXW (WSNWS) sequence that often predicates the post-translational addition of mannose to a tryptophan residue via a carbon-carbon bond. This study will stimulate expression of IL12R- β2 in RAW 264.7 Macrophage-Like Cells by shutting down the extracellular signal kinase (ERK) pathway and introducing inflammatory agents lipopolysaccharide and CpG DNA in order to collect a concentrated sample of IL12R- β2. These samples will be analyzed for the presence of C-mannosyltryptophan residue


Diaphanous-1 Affects The Nanoscale Clustering And Lateral Diffusion Of Receptor For Advanced Glycation Endproducts (Rage), Qiaochu Zhu, Emily A. Smith Jan 2019

Diaphanous-1 Affects The Nanoscale Clustering And Lateral Diffusion Of Receptor For Advanced Glycation Endproducts (Rage), Qiaochu Zhu, Emily A. Smith

Chemistry Publications

The interactions between the cytoplasmic protein diaphanous-1 (Diaph1) and the receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (RAGE) drive the negative consequences of RAGE signaling in several disease processes. Reported in this work is how Diaph1 affects the nanoscale clustering and diffusion of RAGE measured using super-resolution stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM) and single particle tracking (SPT). Altering the Diaph1 binding site has a different impact on RAGE diffusion compared to when Diaph1 expression is reduced in HEK293 cells. In cells with reduced Diaph1 expression (RAGE-Diaph1−/−), the average RAGE diffusion coefficient is increased by 35%. RAGE diffusion is known to be influenced ...