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Pharmacy Administration, Policy and Regulation

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Full-Text Articles in Pharmaceutics and Drug Design

Sterile Compounding: Regulations Addressed After The Meningitis Outbreak Of 2012, Kelly M. Dye, Tara M. Tokar, Halle M. Orlinski, Heather Helsel, Marcia M. Worley Oct 2019

Sterile Compounding: Regulations Addressed After The Meningitis Outbreak Of 2012, Kelly M. Dye, Tara M. Tokar, Halle M. Orlinski, Heather Helsel, Marcia M. Worley

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

No abstract provided.


Evaluating Feasibility Of Blockchain Application For Dscsa Compliance, Tracie Scott, Armand L. Post, Johnny Quick, Sohail Rafiqi Jul 2018

Evaluating Feasibility Of Blockchain Application For Dscsa Compliance, Tracie Scott, Armand L. Post, Johnny Quick, Sohail Rafiqi

SMU Data Science Review

Abstract. We evaluated the feasibility of using a blockchain technology to create a traceability solution for pharmaceutical drugs that would promote compliance with recent legislation. Counterfeit and other illegitimate pharmaceutical drugs threaten patient safety, drug efficacy, and patient trust. The purpose of the Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA) is to greatly reduce distribution of illegitimate drugs by requiring all pharmaceuticals to be serialized and traceable from the manufacturer through the supply chain to the dispenser. A software application to serialize and track pharmaceuticals must overcome numerous obstacles. In particular, the solution must provide a high degree of trust while ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender May 2018

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Using The Qbest Equation To Evaluate Ellagic Acid Safety Data: Generating A Qnoael With Confidence Levels From Disparate Literature, Cynthia Rose Dickerson Jan 2018

Using The Qbest Equation To Evaluate Ellagic Acid Safety Data: Generating A Qnoael With Confidence Levels From Disparate Literature, Cynthia Rose Dickerson

Theses and Dissertations--Pharmacy

QBEST, a novel statistical method, can be applied to the problem of estimating the No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL or QNOAEL) of a New Molecular Entity (NME) in order to anticipate a safe starting dose for beginning clinical trials. The NOAEL from QBEST (called the QNOAEL) can be calculated using multiple disparate studies in the literature and/or from the lab. The QNOAEL is similar in some ways to the Benchmark Dose Method (BMD) used widely in toxicological research, but is superior to the BMD in some ways. The QNOAEL simulation generates an intuitive curve that is comparable to ...


India And The Patent Wars: Pharmaceuticals In The New Intellectual Property Regime, Murphy Halliburton Nov 2017

India And The Patent Wars: Pharmaceuticals In The New Intellectual Property Regime, Murphy Halliburton

Book Samples

[Excerpt] India and the Patent Wars contributes to an international debate over the costs of medicine and restrictions on access under stringent patent laws showing how activists and drug companies in low-income countries seize agency and exert influence over these processes. Murphy Halliburton contributes to analyses of globalization within the fields of anthropology, sociology, law, and public health by drawing on interviews and ethnographic work with pharmaceutical producers in India and the United States.

India has been at the center of emerging controversies around patent rights related to pharmaceutical production and local medical knowledge. Halliburton shows that Big Pharma ...


Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen Jul 2017

Analysis Of The Proposed Tpp-Related Patent Linkage System In Taiwan, Ping-Hsun Chen

Journal of Law and Health

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement mandates member states to implement a patent linkage system vested in Article 18.53. To successfully join the TPP Agreement, Taiwan has begun the legislation of a patent linkage system by proposing an amendment for the Pharmaceutical Affairs Act. Article 18.53 requires a member either to adopt a notification mechanism under Paragraph 1 or to stay the issuance of marketing approval under Paragraph 2. But, Taiwan’s proposal includes both measures. Taiwan’s patent linkage system allows a pioneer drug company to register patents claiming (a) a material, (b) a combination or formula, or ...


Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong Apr 2017

Employing “Fdalabel” Database To Extract Pharmacogenomics Information From Fda Drug Labeling To Advance The Study Of Precision Medicine, Ryley B. Uber, Hong Fang, Zhichao Liu, Joshua Xu, Shraddha Thakkar, Shashi Amur, Padmaja Mummaneni, Minjun Chen, Baitang Ning, Steve Harris, Guangxu Zhou, Leihong Wu, Paul Howard, Weida Tong

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

Pharmacogenomics (PGx) focuses on how genomics and genetic variants (inherited and acquired) affect drug response. A better understanding of the association between genetic markers and individual phenotypes may improve therapy by enhancing drug efficacy, safety, and advance precision medicine. The FDALabel database (https://rm2.scinet.fda.gov/druglabel/#simsearch-0) was developed from the FDA's Structured Product Labeling (SPL) repository to allow users to perform full-text and customizable searches of the labeling section {e.g. Boxed Warning, Warning and Precautions, Adverse Reaction (AR) sections}. In this study, 48 known biomarkers were used to query PGx relevant contents from the FDALabel ...


Ethical Imperatives Of Timely Access To Orphan Drugs: Is Possible To Reconcile Economic Incentives And Patients’ Health Needs?, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, T. Spargo, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez Jan 2017

Ethical Imperatives Of Timely Access To Orphan Drugs: Is Possible To Reconcile Economic Incentives And Patients’ Health Needs?, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, T. Spargo, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

More than 6,800 rare diseases and conditions have been identified in the US, which affect 25–30 million Americans. In 1983, the US Congress enacted the Orphan Drug Act (ODA) to encourage the development and marketing of drugs to treat rare diseases and conditions. This study analyzed all orphan designations and FDA approvals since 1983 through 2015, discussed the effectiveness of incentives for the development of treatments for rare diseases, and reflected on the ethical imperatives for timely access to orphan drugs.

Methods

Study data were derived from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Orange Book and the ...


Comparison Of Outcomes Following A Switch From A Brand To An Authorized Vs. Independent Generic Drug, Richard Hansen, Jingjing Qian, Richard L. Berg, James G. Linneman, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Sarah Dutcher, Saeid Raofi, C. David Page, Peggy L. Peissig Dec 2016

Comparison Of Outcomes Following A Switch From A Brand To An Authorized Vs. Independent Generic Drug, Richard Hansen, Jingjing Qian, Richard L. Berg, James G. Linneman, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Sarah Dutcher, Saeid Raofi, C. David Page, Peggy L. Peissig

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Authorized generics are identical in formulation to brand drugs, manufactured by the brand company but marketed as a generic. Generics, marketed by generic manufacturers, are required to demonstrate pharmaceutical and bioequivalence to the brand drug, but repetition of clinical trials is not required. This retrospective cohort study compared outcomes for generics and authorized generics, which serves as a generic vs. brand proxy that minimizes bias against generics. For the seven drugs studied between 1999-2014, 5,234 unique patients were on brand drug prior to generic entry and 4,900 (93.6%) switched to a generic. During the 12-months following the ...


Psychiatric Taxonomy, Psychopharmacology And Big Pharma, Lisa Cosgrove Apr 2014

Psychiatric Taxonomy, Psychopharmacology And Big Pharma, Lisa Cosgrove

Lisa Cosgrove

Clinicians practicing today need to be aware of the ways in which the current industry-dominated climate may undermine the integrity of the scientific process and, thus, may compromise patient care. In the mental health field, corporate sponsorship bias can affect psychiatric taxonomy and clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG). Financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) can occur when there are financial associations between researchers, authors, or panel members developing psychiatric diagnostic and treatment guidelines, and the pharmaceutical industry, or when randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are industry funded. Therefore, clinicians need to be especially vigilant about the informed consent process when patients are prescribed ...


An Introduction To Drugs And The Neuroscience Of Behavior, Adam J. Prus Jan 2014

An Introduction To Drugs And The Neuroscience Of Behavior, Adam J. Prus

Books

This up-to-date text provides an introductory overview of the nervous system actions and behavioral effects of the major classes of psychoactive drugs, using pedagogy unique among pharmacology texts to make the topic approachable.


Stemming The Global Trade In Falsified And Substandard Medicines, Lawrence O. Gostin, Gillian J. Buckley, Patrick W. Kelley Apr 2013

Stemming The Global Trade In Falsified And Substandard Medicines, Lawrence O. Gostin, Gillian J. Buckley, Patrick W. Kelley

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Drug safety and quality is an essential assumption of clinical medicine, but there is growing concern that this assumption is not always correct. Poor manufacturing and deliberate fraud occasionally compromises the drug supply in the United States, and the problem is far more common and serious in low- and middle-income countries with weak drug regulatory systems. An Institute of Medicine consensus committee report identified the causes and possible solutions to the problem of falsified and substandard drugs around the world.

The vocabulary people use to discuss the problem is itself a concern. The word counterfeit is often used innocuously to ...


Nonclinical Development Needs And Regulatory Requirements For Multipurpose Prevention Technologies: A Primer, Joseph W. Romano, Martha Brady, Judy Manning Jan 2012

Nonclinical Development Needs And Regulatory Requirements For Multipurpose Prevention Technologies: A Primer, Joseph W. Romano, Martha Brady, Judy Manning

HIV and AIDS

This summary outlines key development elements that will be necessary for various configurations of multipurpose prevention products for the simultaneous prevention of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and/or pregnancy.


Shaping The Operations Research Agenda For Antiretroviral-Based Prevention Products For Women: Gels And Rings, Martha Brady, C. Elizabeth Mcgrory Jan 2012

Shaping The Operations Research Agenda For Antiretroviral-Based Prevention Products For Women: Gels And Rings, Martha Brady, C. Elizabeth Mcgrory

HIV and AIDS

This report summarizes discussions from a two-day international experts consultation meeting in 2012 on preparing for the successful introduction of women-centered antiretroviral-based HIV prevention methods. It examines the limits and expectations of operations research in antiretroviral health technologies.


A System Dynamics Model Of Pharmaceutical Opioids: Medical Use, Diversion, And Nonmedical Use, Teresa D. Schmidt, Wayne W. Wakeland, J. David Haddox Jul 2011

A System Dynamics Model Of Pharmaceutical Opioids: Medical Use, Diversion, And Nonmedical Use, Teresa D. Schmidt, Wayne W. Wakeland, J. David Haddox

Wayne W. Wakeland

Abstract: A dramatic rise in the nonmedical of pharmaceutical opioids has presented the United States with a substantial public health problem. Nonmedical use of prescription pain relievers has become increasingly prevalent in the US over the last two decades, and diversion of medicines obtained by prescription is assumed to be a major source of supply for nonmedical opioid use. Policymakers striving to protect population health by ameliorating the adverse outcomes of nonmedical use of opioid analgesics could benefit from a systems-level model which reflects the complexity of the system and incorporates the full range of available data. To address this ...


A System Dynamics Model Of Pharmaceutical Opioids: Medical Use, Diversion, And Nonmedical Use, Teresa Schmidt, Wayne Wakeland, J. David Haddox Jul 2011

A System Dynamics Model Of Pharmaceutical Opioids: Medical Use, Diversion, And Nonmedical Use, Teresa Schmidt, Wayne Wakeland, J. David Haddox

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

A dramatic rise in the nonmedical of pharmaceutical opioids has presented the United States with a substantial public health problem. Nonmedical use of prescription pain relievers has become increasingly prevalent in the US over the last two decades, and diversion of medicines obtained by prescription is assumed to be a major source of supply for nonmedical opioid use. Policymakers striving to protect population health by ameliorating the adverse outcomes of nonmedical use of opioid analgesics could benefit from a systems-level model which reflects the complexity of the system and incorporates the full range of available data. To address this need ...


Constructing A Critical Path For Product Development, Commercialization, And Access, Martha Brady Jan 2011

Constructing A Critical Path For Product Development, Commercialization, And Access, Martha Brady

HIV and AIDS

This brief discusses the Council's health technologies development and the product development path from conceptualization to market. It defines the steps in the Critical Path Framework, and examines activities at the preclinical and clinical stage.


Psychiatric Taxonomy, Psychopharmacology And Big Pharma, Lisa Cosgrove Nov 2010

Psychiatric Taxonomy, Psychopharmacology And Big Pharma, Lisa Cosgrove

Counseling and School Psychology Faculty Publication Series

Clinicians practicing today need to be aware of the ways in which the current industry-dominated climate may undermine the integrity of the scientific process and, thus, may compromise patient care. In the mental health field, corporate sponsorship bias can affect psychiatric taxonomy and clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG). Financial conflicts of interest (FCOI) can occur when there are financial associations between researchers, authors, or panel members developing psychiatric diagnostic and treatment guidelines, and the pharmaceutical industry, or when randomized clinical trials (RCTs) are industry funded. Therefore, clinicians need to be especially vigilant about the informed consent process when patients are prescribed ...


Undue Pharmaceutical Influence On Psychiatric Practice, Lisa Cosgrove, Harold J. Bursztajn May 2010

Undue Pharmaceutical Influence On Psychiatric Practice, Lisa Cosgrove, Harold J. Bursztajn

Counseling and School Psychology Faculty Publication Series

Within the past few years, increasing concerns have arisen about the ways in which corporate sponsorship of clinical trials and continuing medical education activities may bias the information that is published and disseminated about the benefits and risks of medications. Questions have also been raised about the extent of industry influence on the American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic and treatment guidelines—namely, its DSM and Clinical Practice Guidelines.


21st Century Healthcare - A New Scenario Needs New Rules Of The Game, Mian Atif Saeed Jan 2010

21st Century Healthcare - A New Scenario Needs New Rules Of The Game, Mian Atif Saeed

Mian Atif Saeed

We are witnessing a changing paradigm of healthcare sector in view increasing pressure on governments to provide free healthcare to citizens and increasing cost-consciousness of governments/payers to address this public issue. This changing paradigm in healthcare requirements requires a holistic review of the legislative framework in which industry operates. All stakeholders and all applicable regulatory and legal frameworks need to be appraised in order to address the requirements of 21st century healthcare. Drug development is very risky, costly and lengthy process and inventors and investor deserve financial gains for their efforts. Pharmaceutical industry requires the money to keep investing ...


Incentives For Orphan Drug Research And Development In The United States, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Sheryl L. Szeinbach, Jay Visaria Dec 2008

Incentives For Orphan Drug Research And Development In The United States, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Rosa Rodriguez-Monguio, Sheryl L. Szeinbach, Jay Visaria

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: The Orphan Drug Act (1983) established several incentives to encourage the development of orphan drugs (ODs) to treat rare diseases and conditions. This study analyzed the characteristics of OD designations, approvals, sponsors, and evaluated the effective patent and market exclusivity life of orphan new molecular entities (NMEs) approved in the US between 1983 and 2007.

Methods: Primary data sources were the FDA Orange Book, the FDA Office of Orphan Drugs Development, and the US Patent and Trademark Office. Data included all orphan designations and approvals listed by the FDA and all NMEs approved by the FDA during the study ...


A Rose By Any Other Name? The Influence Of Brand Name Versus Chemical Differences In The Prescription Of Antidepressants, Steven P. Ward, Anthony Pecotich, Aron O'Cass, Craig C. Julian Jan 2008

A Rose By Any Other Name? The Influence Of Brand Name Versus Chemical Differences In The Prescription Of Antidepressants, Steven P. Ward, Anthony Pecotich, Aron O'Cass, Craig C. Julian

Southern Cross Business School

The effect that marketing has had on the prescription decisions of the medical profession is an area of great social and governmental concern and has been the subject of substantial international debate. In this study, the importance of brand name as a factor influencing the prescription habits of general practitioners and psychiatrists is examined. Data on antidepressant prescriptions supplied by the Australian Governments Pharmaceutical Benefit Scheme and results derived from MANOVA and ANOVA analyses suggest that the brand name as much as chemical differences influenced the prescription of choice of antidepressants by both general practitioners and psychiatrists. The use of ...