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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Pten Enters The Nucleus By Diffusion, Fenghua Liu, Stefan Wagner, Robert Campbell, Jeffrey Nickerson, Celia Schiffer, Alonzo Ross Nov 2011

Pten Enters The Nucleus By Diffusion, Fenghua Liu, Stefan Wagner, Robert Campbell, Jeffrey Nickerson, Celia Schiffer, Alonzo Ross

Celia A. Schiffer

Despite much evidence for phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP)-triggered signaling pathways in the nucleus, there is little understanding of how the levels and activities of these proteins are regulated. As a first step to elucidating this problem, we determined whether phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) enters the nucleus by passive diffusion or active transport. We expressed various PTEN fusion proteins in tsBN2, HeLa, LNCaP, and U87MG cells and determined that the largest PTEN fusion proteins showed little or no nuclear localization. Because diffusion through nuclear pores is limited to proteins of 60,000 Da or less, this ...


Septin Filaments Exhibit A Dynamic, Paired Organization That Is Conserved From Yeast To Mammals, Bradley S. Demay, Xiaobo Bai, Louisa Howard, Patricia Occhipinti, Rebecca A. Meseroll, Elias T. Spiliotis, Rudolf Oldenbourg, Amy S. Gladfelter May 2011

Septin Filaments Exhibit A Dynamic, Paired Organization That Is Conserved From Yeast To Mammals, Bradley S. Demay, Xiaobo Bai, Louisa Howard, Patricia Occhipinti, Rebecca A. Meseroll, Elias T. Spiliotis, Rudolf Oldenbourg, Amy S. Gladfelter

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The septins are conserved, GTP-binding proteins important for cytokinesis, membrane compartmentalization, and exocytosis. However, it is unknown how septins are arranged within higher-order structures in cells. To determine the organization of septins in live cells, we developed a polarized fluorescence microscopy system to monitor the orientation of GFP dipole moments with high spatial and temporal resolution. When GFP was fused to septins, the arrangement of GFP dipoles reflected the underlying septin organization. We demonstrated in a filamentous fungus, a budding yeast, and a mammalian epithelial cell line that septin proteins were organized in an identical highly ordered fashion. Fluorescence anisotropy ...


Novel Interactors And A Role For Supervillin In Early Cytokinesis, Tara Smith, Zhiyou Fang, Elizabeth Luna Mar 2011

Novel Interactors And A Role For Supervillin In Early Cytokinesis, Tara Smith, Zhiyou Fang, Elizabeth Luna

Elizabeth J. Luna

Supervillin, the largest member of the villin/gelsolin/flightless family, is a peripheral membrane protein that regulates each step of cell motility, including cell spreading. Most known interactors bind within its amino (N)-terminus. We show here that the supervillin carboxy (C)-terminus can be modeled as supervillin-specific loops extending from gelsolin-like repeats plus a villin-like headpiece. We have identified 27 new candidate interactors from yeast two-hybrid screens. The interacting sequences from 12 of these proteins (BUB1, EPLIN/LIMA1, FLNA, HAX1, KIF14, KIFC3, MIF4GD/SLIP1, ODF2/Cenexin, RHAMM, STARD9/KIF16A, Tks5/SH3PXD2A, TNFAIP1) co-localize with and mis-localize EGFP-supervillin in mammalian ...


The Membrane-Associated Protein, Supervillin, Accelerates F-Actin-Dependent Rapid Integrin Recycling And Cell Motility, Zhiyou Fang, Norio Takizawa, Korey Wilson, Tara Smith, Anna Delprato, Michael Davidson, David Lambright, Elizabeth Luna Mar 2011

The Membrane-Associated Protein, Supervillin, Accelerates F-Actin-Dependent Rapid Integrin Recycling And Cell Motility, Zhiyou Fang, Norio Takizawa, Korey Wilson, Tara Smith, Anna Delprato, Michael Davidson, David Lambright, Elizabeth Luna

Elizabeth J. Luna

In migrating cells, the cytoskeleton coordinates signal transduction and redistribution of transmembrane proteins, including integrins and growth factor receptors. Supervillin is an F-actin- and myosin II-binding protein that tightly associates with signaling proteins in cholesterol-rich, 'lipid raft' membrane microdomains. We show here that supervillin also can localize with markers for early and sorting endosomes (EE/SE) and with overexpressed components of the Arf6 recycling pathway in the cell periphery. Supervillin tagged with the photoswitchable fluorescent protein, tdEos, moves both into and away from dynamic structures resembling podosomes at the basal cell surface. Rapid integrin recycling from EE/SE is inhibited ...