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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Serum Dioxins And Polychlorinated Biphenyls Are Associated With Growth Among Russian Boys, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Julie Del Prato, Olivier Humblet, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Larry Needham, Mikhail Starovoytov, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Serum Dioxins And Polychlorinated Biphenyls Are Associated With Growth Among Russian Boys, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Julie Del Prato, Olivier Humblet, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Larry Needham, Mikhail Starovoytov, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the associations of serum dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with longitudinally assessed growth measurements among peripubertal Russian boys.

METHODS: A total of 499 boys from Chapaevsk, Russia, aged 8 to 9 years were enrolled in the study from 2003 to 2005 and were followed prospectively for 3 years. Blood samples were collected and physical examinations were conducted at entry and repeated at annual study visits. Multivariate mixed-effects regression models for repeated measures were used to examine the associations of serum dioxins and PCBs with longitudinal measurements of BMI, height, and height velocity.

RESULTS: Serum dioxin (total 2005 ...


Dioxin Exposure And Age Of Pubertal Onset Among Russian Boys, Susan A. Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Paige L. Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Donald G. Patterson, Wayman E. Turner, Larry L. Needham, Larisa Altshul, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Dioxin Exposure And Age Of Pubertal Onset Among Russian Boys, Susan A. Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Paige L. Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Donald G. Patterson, Wayman E. Turner, Larry L. Needham, Larisa Altshul, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

Background: Animal data demonstrate associations of dioxin, furan, and PCB exposures with altered male gonadal maturation. It is unclear whether these associations apply to human populations. Objectives: We investigated the association of dioxins, furans, PCBs and corresponding toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentrations with pubertal onset among boys in a dioxin-contaminated region. Methods: Between 2003-2005, 489 boys were enrolled at ages 8-9 years in a longitudinal study in Chapaevsk, Russia. Pubertal onset - stages 2 or higher for genitalia (G2+) or testicular volume (TV) > 3 ml - was assessed annually between ages 8-12 years. Serum levels at enrollment were analyzed by the Centers for ...


Temporal Trends In Serum Concentrations Of Polychlorinated Dioxins, Furans, And Pcbs Among Adult Women Living In Chapaevsk, Russia: A Longitudinal Study From 2000 To 2009, Olivier Humblet, Oleg Sergeyev, Larisa Altshul, Susan A. Korrick, Paige L. Williams, Claude Emond, Linda S. Birnbaum, Jane S. Burns, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Andrey Shelepchikov, Denis Feshin, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Temporal Trends In Serum Concentrations Of Polychlorinated Dioxins, Furans, And Pcbs Among Adult Women Living In Chapaevsk, Russia: A Longitudinal Study From 2000 To 2009, Olivier Humblet, Oleg Sergeyev, Larisa Altshul, Susan A. Korrick, Paige L. Williams, Claude Emond, Linda S. Birnbaum, Jane S. Burns, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Andrey Shelepchikov, Denis Feshin, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: The present study assessed the temporal trend in serum concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls (PCBs) among residents of a Russian town where levels of these chemicals are elevated due to prior industrial activity.

METHODS: Two serum samples were collected from eight adult women (in 2000 and 2009), and analyzed with gas chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry.

RESULTS: The average total toxic equivalency (TEQ) decreased by 30% (from 36 to 25 pg/g lipid), and the average sum of PCB congeners decreased by 19% (from 291 to 211 ng/g lipid). Total TEQs decreased for seven of the eight women ...


Serum Concentrations Of Organochlorine Pesticides And Growth Among Russian Boys, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Julie Del Prato, Olivier Humblet, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mikhail Starovoytov, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Serum Concentrations Of Organochlorine Pesticides And Growth Among Russian Boys, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Julie Del Prato, Olivier Humblet, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mikhail Starovoytov, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Limited human data suggest an association of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) with adverse effects on children's growth. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the associations of OCPs with longitudinally assessed growth among peripubertal boys from a Russian cohort with high environmental OCP levels. METHODS: A cohort of 499 boys enrolled in the Russian Children's Study between 2003 and 2005 at 8-9 years of age were followed prospectively for 4 years. At study entry, 350 boys had serum OCPs measured. Physical examinations were conducted at entry and annually. The longitudinal associations of serum OCPs with annual measurements of body mass index (BMI ...


Predictors Of Serum Dioxin, Furan, And Pcb Concentrations Among Women From Chapaevsk, Russia, Olivier Humblet, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Oleg Sergeyev, Claude Emond, Linda Birnbaum, Jane Burns, Larisa Altshul, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Predictors Of Serum Dioxin, Furan, And Pcb Concentrations Among Women From Chapaevsk, Russia, Olivier Humblet, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Oleg Sergeyev, Claude Emond, Linda Birnbaum, Jane Burns, Larisa Altshul, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

Dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent and bioaccumulative toxic chemicals that are ubiquitous in the environment. We assessed predictors of their serum concentrations among women living in a Russian town contaminated by past industrial activity. Blood samples from 446 mothers aged 23-52 years were collected between 2003-2005 as part of the Russian Children's Study. Serum dioxin, furan, and PCB concentrations were quantified using high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Potential determinants of exposure were collected through interviews. Multivariate linear regression models were used to identify predictors of serum concentrations and toxic equivalencies (TEQs). The median total PCB concentrations and ...


Predictors Of Serum Dioxins And Pcbs Among Peripubertal Russian Boys, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Donald G. Patterson, Wayman E. Turner, Larry L. Needham, Igor Saharov, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Predictors Of Serum Dioxins And Pcbs Among Peripubertal Russian Boys, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Donald G. Patterson, Wayman E. Turner, Larry L. Needham, Igor Saharov, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Although sources and routes of exposure to dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been studied, information regarding exposure among children is limited. Breast-feeding and diet are two important contributors to early life exposure. To further understand other significant contributors to childhood exposure, we studied a cohort of children from a city with high environmental dioxin levels. OBJECTIVES: We investigated predictors of serum concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs)/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs)/co-planar PCBs (C-PCBs), toxic equivalents (TEQs), and PCBs among 8- to 9-year-old boys in Chapaevsk, Russia. METHODS: We used general linear regression models to explore associations of log(10 ...


Association Of Blood Lead Levels With Onset Of Puberty In Russian Boys, Russ Hauser, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Elana Gitin, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams Sep 2014

Association Of Blood Lead Levels With Onset Of Puberty In Russian Boys, Russ Hauser, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Elana Gitin, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies suggest a temporal trend of earlier onset and longer duration of puberty, raising concerns regarding the potential impact of environmental factors on pubertal development. Lead exposure has been associated with delayed pubertal onset in girls; however, epidemiologic data in boys are limited. METHODS: We used multivariable logistic regression models to explore the cross-sectional association of blood lead levels with growth and pubertal onset based on physician-assessed testicular volume (TV) and pubertal staging in 489 boys 8-9 years of age from Chapaevsk, Russia. We used multivariable linear regression models to assess associations of blood lead levels with somatic ...


Predictors Of Serum Dioxin Levels Among Adolescent Boys In Chapaevsk, Russia: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study, Russ Hauser, Paige L. Williams, Larisa Altshul, Susan Korrick, Lynne Peeples, Donald G. Patterson Jr., Wayman E. Turner, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Oleg Sergeyev Sep 2014

Predictors Of Serum Dioxin Levels Among Adolescent Boys In Chapaevsk, Russia: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study, Russ Hauser, Paige L. Williams, Larisa Altshul, Susan Korrick, Lynne Peeples, Donald G. Patterson Jr., Wayman E. Turner, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Oleg Sergeyev

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Toxicological studies and limited human studies have demonstrated associations between exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and adverse developmental and reproductive health effects. Given that children may be particularly susceptible to reproductive and developmental effects of organochlorines, and the paucity of information available regarding childhood exposures to dioxins in particular, we undertook a pilot study to describe the distribution of, and identify potential predictors of exposure to, dioxin-like compounds and dioxins among adolescent boys in Chapaevsk, Russia. The pilot study was also designed to guide the development of a large prospective cohort study ...


Blood Lead Levels And Delayed Onset Of Puberty In A Longitudinal Study Of Russian Boys, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Mary Lee, Susan Korrick, Jane Burns, Olivier Humblet, Julie Del Prato, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Blood Lead Levels And Delayed Onset Of Puberty In A Longitudinal Study Of Russian Boys, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Mary Lee, Susan Korrick, Jane Burns, Olivier Humblet, Julie Del Prato, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the association of blood lead levels (BLLs) with pubertal onset in a longitudinal cohort of Russian boys.

METHODS: A total of 489 Russian boys were enrolled in 2003-2005, at 8 to 9 years of age, and were monitored annually through May 2008. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to evaluate the association of BLLs at enrollment with time to pubertal onset during follow-up monitoring.

RESULTS: A total of 481 boys had BLLs, with a median of 3 microg/dL and 28% with values of > or =5 microg/dL. The proportion of pubertal boys increased with age, from 12 ...


Physical Growth And Sexual Maturation Of Boys In Chapaevsk, Russia, Mary Lee, Oleg Sergeyev, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Vladimir Zeilert, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Physical Growth And Sexual Maturation Of Boys In Chapaevsk, Russia, Mary Lee, Oleg Sergeyev, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Vladimir Zeilert, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

We characterized physical growth and sexual maturation in 2,579 boys, ages 10 through 16.99 years, residing in Chapaevsk, Russia in order to establish region-specific reference data. Age-specific norms were established for height, weight, and BMI, and compared to US reference data by z-score analysis, while mean heights and weights by age were compared to published national Russian data. Compared to US boys, height was slightly lower (overall z-score -0.18) at all ages except the oldest (16-16.99 yr), while weight and BMI were moderately lower (overall z-score -0.52 and -0.61, respectively). Chapaevsk boys were significantly ...