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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Regulation Of Morphogenesis In Filamentous Fungi, Haoyu Si May 2010

Regulation Of Morphogenesis In Filamentous Fungi, Haoyu Si

Dissertations and Theses in Biological Sciences

One of the distinguishing features of fungal cells is their highly polarized model of growth. Both yeast cells and hyphal cells grow by cell surface expansion at specified cortical sites. Although the same general mechanisms are likely to be involved in controlling the establishment of hyphal polarity in budding yeast and filamentous fungi, it is noticeable that hyphal cells are organized in a fundamentally different manner to yeast dells. For example, hyphal cells organize formins, septins and actins at the division site while simultaneously retain the same machinery at the tip; whereas yeast cells undergo a transient period of isotropic ...


Glycopeptidome Of A Heavily N-Glycosylated Cell Surface Glycoprotein Of Dictyostelium Implicated In Cell Adhesion, Christa L. Feasley, Jennifer M. Johnson, Christopher M. West, Catherine P. Chia May 2010

Glycopeptidome Of A Heavily N-Glycosylated Cell Surface Glycoprotein Of Dictyostelium Implicated In Cell Adhesion, Christa L. Feasley, Jennifer M. Johnson, Christopher M. West, Catherine P. Chia

Faculty Publications in the Biological Sciences

Genetic analysis has implicated the cell surface glycoprotein gp130 in cell interactions of the social amoeba Dictyostelium, and information about the utilization of the 18 N-glycosylation sequons present in gp130 is needed to identify critical molecular determinants of its activity. Various glycomics strategies, including mass spectrometry of native and derivatized glycans, monosaccharide analysis, exoglycosidase digestion, and antibody binding, were applied to characterize a nonanchored version secreted from Dictyostelium. s-gp130 is modified by a predominant Man8GlcNAc4 species containing bisecting and intersecting GlcNAc residues and additional high-mannose N-glycans substituted with sulfate, methyl-phosphate, and/or core R3-fucose. Site mapping confirmed the occupancy of ...