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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Detection Of Flaviviruses And Orthobunyaviruses In Mosquitoes In The Yucatan Peninsula Of Mexico In 2008, Jose A. Farfan-Ale, Maria A. Loroño-Pino, Julian E. Garcia-Rejon, Victor Soto, Ming Lin, Molly Staley, Karin S. Dorman, Lyric C. Bartholomay, Einat Hovav, Bradley J. Blitvich Oct 2010

Detection Of Flaviviruses And Orthobunyaviruses In Mosquitoes In The Yucatan Peninsula Of Mexico In 2008, Jose A. Farfan-Ale, Maria A. Loroño-Pino, Julian E. Garcia-Rejon, Victor Soto, Ming Lin, Molly Staley, Karin S. Dorman, Lyric C. Bartholomay, Einat Hovav, Bradley J. Blitvich

Entomology Publications

A total of 191,244 mosquitoes from 24 species were collected in the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico from January to December 2008, and tested for the presence of cytopathic virus by virus isolation in Vero cells. Eighteen virus isolates were obtained, all of which were orthobunyaviruses. These were identified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and nucleotide sequencing as Cache Valley virus (n = 17) and South River virus (n = 1). A subset (n = 20,124) of Culex quinquefasciatus collected throughout the year was further tested by RT-PCR using flavivirus-specific primers. Flavivirus RNA was present in this mosquito species year-round. The ...


Mitochondrial Dysfunction And Akt Isoform-Specific Regulation In 3t3-L1 Adipocytes: A Dissertation, Xiarong Shi Sep 2010

Mitochondrial Dysfunction And Akt Isoform-Specific Regulation In 3t3-L1 Adipocytes: A Dissertation, Xiarong Shi

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Excess food consumption and/or lack of exercise have dramatically contributed to the prevalence of overweight (BMI≥25) and obesity (BMI≥30) in modern society. The obesity epidemic has been linked to the rise in type 2 diabetes. In recent years, evidence has pointed to a close association between mitochondrial dysfunction in white adipose tissue (WAT) and insulin resistance, a key feature of type 2 diabetes. In order to dissect the cause and effect relationship between WAT mitochondrial dysfunction and insulin resistance, we established an in vitro cell line system to investigate this issue. We artificially introduced mitochondrial dysfunction in ...


Immune Recognition Of Self Nucleic Acids Driven By Endogenous Antimicrobial Peptides: Role In Autoimmunity, Dipyaman Ganguly Aug 2010

Immune Recognition Of Self Nucleic Acids Driven By Endogenous Antimicrobial Peptides: Role In Autoimmunity, Dipyaman Ganguly

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Innate immune recognition of extracellular host-derived self-DNA and self-RNA is prevented by endosomal seclusion of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the dendritic cells (DCs). However, in psoriasis plasmacytoid dendritic cells have been found to be able to sense self-DNA molecules in complex with the endogenous cationic antimicrobial peptide LL37, which are internalized into the endosomal compartments and thus can access TLR9. We investigated whether this endogenous peptide can also interact with extracellular self-RNA and lead to DC activation. We found that LL37 binds self-RNA as well as self-DNA going into an electrostatic interaction; forms micro-aggregates of nano-scale particles protected from ...


Smooth Muscle Hyperplasia Due To Acta2/Myh11 Mutations: Identification Of Novel Pathology And Pathways Leading To Aneurysms And Diverse Vascular Occlusive Diseases, Christina L. Papke May 2010

Smooth Muscle Hyperplasia Due To Acta2/Myh11 Mutations: Identification Of Novel Pathology And Pathways Leading To Aneurysms And Diverse Vascular Occlusive Diseases, Christina L. Papke

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Missense mutations in smooth muscle cell (SMC) specific ACTA2 (á-actin) and MYH11 (â-myosin heavy chain) cause diffuse and diverse vascular diseases, including thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections (TAAD) and early onset coronary artery disease and stroke. The mechanism by which these mutations lead to dilatation of some arteries but occlusion of others is unknown. We hypothesized that the mutations act through two distinct mechanisms to cause varied vascular diseases: a loss of function, leading to decreased SMC contraction and aneurysms, and a gain of function, leading to increased SMC proliferation and occlusive disease. To test this hypothesis, ACTA2 mutant SMCs ...