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2001

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Articles 1 - 30 of 31

Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Serum-Deprivation: A Model For Lens Cell Differentaition, Marcia Ong B.S. Dec 2001

Serum-Deprivation: A Model For Lens Cell Differentaition, Marcia Ong B.S.

Theses and Dissertations

Ong, Marcia., Serum-Deprivation: A Model for Lens Cell Differentiation. Master of Science (Biomedical Sciences), December, 2001, 154 pp., 2 tables, 36 illustrations, bibliography, 91 titles. The purpose of thisi project was to develop an in vitro cell culture system in which mammalian lens epithelial cells differentiate into lens fiber cells. METHODS. Primary cultures were grown from lens epithelium explants obtained from bovine lenses and propagated in Minimum Essential Medium containing 10% calf serum. Subsequently, cell cultures were maintained in MEM supplemented with either 4%, 3% or 1% calf serum and left undisturbed for 21 days. Immunofluorescence experiments and Western Blot ...


Expression Of Gonadotropin Receptor And Growth Responses To Key Reproductive Hormones In Normal And Malignant Human Ovarian Surface Epithelial Cells, Viqar Syed, Gregory Ulinski, Samuel C. Mok, Gary K. Yiu, Shuk-Mei Ho Sep 2001

Expression Of Gonadotropin Receptor And Growth Responses To Key Reproductive Hormones In Normal And Malignant Human Ovarian Surface Epithelial Cells, Viqar Syed, Gregory Ulinski, Samuel C. Mok, Gary K. Yiu, Shuk-Mei Ho

Open Access Articles

Epidemiological data have implicated reproductive hormones as probable risk factors for ovarian cancer (OCa) development. Although pituitary and sex hormones have been reported to regulate OCa cell growth, no information is available regarding whether and how they influence normal ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cell proliferation. To fill this data gap, this study has compared cell growth responses to gonadotropins and sex steroids in primary cultures of human OSE (HOSE) cells with those observed in immortalized, nontumorigenic HOSE cells and in OCa cell lines. Both malignant and normal cell lines/cultures responded equally well to the stimulatory actions of luteinizing hormone ...


S-Nitrosylation Of Mitochondrial Caspases, Joan B. Mannick, Christopher M. Schonhoff, Natalia Papeta, Pedram Ghafourifar, Marten Szibor, Kezhong Fang, Benjamin M. Gaston Sep 2001

S-Nitrosylation Of Mitochondrial Caspases, Joan B. Mannick, Christopher M. Schonhoff, Natalia Papeta, Pedram Ghafourifar, Marten Szibor, Kezhong Fang, Benjamin M. Gaston

Open Access Articles

Caspase-3 is a cysteine protease located in both the cytoplasm and mitochondrial intermembrane space that is a central effector of many apoptotic pathways. In resting cells, a subset of caspase-3 zymogens is S-nitrosylated at the active site cysteine, inhibiting enzyme activity. During Fas-induced apoptosis, caspases are denitrosylated, allowing the catalytic site to function. In the current studies, we sought to identify the subpopulation of caspases that is regulated by S-nitrosylation. We report that the majority of mitochondrial, but not cytoplasmic, caspase-3 zymogens contain this inhibitory modification. In addition, the majority of mitochondrial caspase-9 is S-nitrosylated. These studies suggest that S-nitrosylation ...


Mutations In Sid2, A Novel Gene In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Cause Synthetic Lethality With Sic1 Deletion And May Cause A Defect During S Phase, Matthew D. Jacobson , '97, Claudia C. Muñoz , '99, Kirstin S. Knox , '99, Beth E. Williams , '01, Lenette L. Lu , '02, Frederick Cross , '78, Elizabeth Ann Vallen Sep 2001

Mutations In Sid2, A Novel Gene In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Cause Synthetic Lethality With Sic1 Deletion And May Cause A Defect During S Phase, Matthew D. Jacobson , '97, Claudia C. Muñoz , '99, Kirstin S. Knox , '99, Beth E. Williams , '01, Lenette L. Lu , '02, Frederick Cross , '78, Elizabeth Ann Vallen

Biology Faculty Works

SIC1 encodes a nonessential B-type cyclin/CDK inhibitor that functions at the G1/S transition and the exit from mitosis. To understand more completely the regulation of these transitions, Mutations causing synthetic lethality with sic1 Delta were isolated. In this screen, we identified a novel gene, SID2, which encodes an essential protein that appear., to be required for DNA replication or repair. sid2-1 sic1 Delta strains and sid2-21 temperature-sensitive strains arrest preanaphase as large-budded cells with a single nucleus, a short spindle, and an similar to 2C DNA content. RAD9, which is necessary for the DNA damage checkpoint, is required ...


Photodynamic Therapy Of Murine Fibrosarcoma With Topical And Systemic Administration Of Hypericin, I Cavarga, P Brezani, Maria Cekanova, P Solar, P Fedorocko, P Miskovsky Aug 2001

Photodynamic Therapy Of Murine Fibrosarcoma With Topical And Systemic Administration Of Hypericin, I Cavarga, P Brezani, Maria Cekanova, P Solar, P Fedorocko, P Miskovsky

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

The in vivo antitumour activity of the natural photosensitizer hypericin was evaluated. C3H/DiSn mice inoculated with fibrosarcoma G5:1:13 cells were intraperitoneally or intratumourally injected with hypericin (5 mg/kg) and 2 hours later the mice were locally irradiated with laser light (488 nm, 150 mW/cm2, 180 J/cm2) when the tumour reached volume of 40-80 mm3 (approximately 17 days after inoculation). Tumours treated with hypericin alone as well as those irradiated with laser light alone have similar growth rates and none of these tumours regressed spontaneously. The mean tumour volume in hypericin-PDT treated groups was significantly ...


The Wings Of Bombyx Mori Develop From Larval Discs Exhibiting An Early Differentiated State: A Preliminary Report, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh, K. P. Gopinathan Jun 2001

The Wings Of Bombyx Mori Develop From Larval Discs Exhibiting An Early Differentiated State: A Preliminary Report, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh, K. P. Gopinathan

Biology Faculty Publications

Lepidopteran insects present a complex organization of appendages which develop by various mechanisms. In the mulberry silkworm, Bombyx mori, a pair of meso- and meta-thoracic discs located on either side in the larvae gives rise to the corresponding fore- and hind-wings of the adult. These discs do not experience massive cell rearrangements during metamorphosis and display the adult wing vein pattern. We have analysed wing development in B. mori by two approaches, viz., expression of patterning genes in larval wing discs, and regulatory capacities of larval discs following explantation or perturbation. Expression of Nubbin is seen all over the presumptive ...


Salivary Acinar Cells From Aquaporin 5-Deficient Mice Have Decreased Membrane Water Permeability And Altered Cell Volume Regulation, Carissa M. Krane, James E. Melvin, Ha-Van Nguyen, Linda Richardson, Jennifer E. Towne, Thomas Doetschman, Anil G. Menon Jun 2001

Salivary Acinar Cells From Aquaporin 5-Deficient Mice Have Decreased Membrane Water Permeability And Altered Cell Volume Regulation, Carissa M. Krane, James E. Melvin, Ha-Van Nguyen, Linda Richardson, Jennifer E. Towne, Thomas Doetschman, Anil G. Menon

Biology Faculty Publications

Aquaporins (AQPs) are channel proteins that regulate the movement of water through the plasma membrane of secretory and absorptive cells in response to osmotic gradients. In the salivary gland, AQP5 is the major aquaporin expressed on the apical membrane of acinar cells. Previous studies have shown that the volume of saliva secreted by AQP5-deficient mice is decreased, indicating a role for AQP5 in saliva secretion; however, the mechanism by which AQP5 regulates water transport in salivary acinar cells remains to be determined. Here we show that the decreased salivary flow rate and increased tonicity of the saliva secreted byAqp5 ...


Nascent Focal Adhesions Are Responsible For The Generation Of Strong Propulsive Forces In Migrating Fibroblasts, Karen A. Beningo, Micah Dembo, Irina N. Kaverina, J. Victor Small, Yu-Li Wang May 2001

Nascent Focal Adhesions Are Responsible For The Generation Of Strong Propulsive Forces In Migrating Fibroblasts, Karen A. Beningo, Micah Dembo, Irina N. Kaverina, J. Victor Small, Yu-Li Wang

Open Access Articles

Fibroblast migration involves complex mechanical interactions with the underlying substrate. Although tight substrate contact at focal adhesions has been studied for decades, the role of focal adhesions in force transduction remains unclear. To address this question, we have mapped traction stress generated by fibroblasts expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP)-zyxin. Surprisingly, the overall distribution of focal adhesions only partially resembles the distribution of traction stress. In addition, detailed analysis reveals that the faint, small adhesions near the leading edge transmit strong propulsive tractions, whereas large, bright, mature focal adhesions exert weaker forces. This inverse relationship is unique to the leading ...


Reversible Calcium-Regulated Stopcocks In Legume Sieve Tubes, Michael Knoblauch, Winfried Peters, Katrin Ehlers, Aart Van Bel Apr 2001

Reversible Calcium-Regulated Stopcocks In Legume Sieve Tubes, Michael Knoblauch, Winfried Peters, Katrin Ehlers, Aart Van Bel

Winfried S. Peters

Sieve tubes of legumes (Fabaceae) contain characteristic P-protein crystalloids with controversial function. We studied their behavior by conventional light, electron, and confocal laser scanning microscopy. In situ, crystalloids are able to undergo rapid (<1>sec) and reversible conversions from the condensed resting state into a dispersed state, in which they occlude the sieve tubes. Crystalloid dispersal is triggered by plasma membrane leakage induced by mechanical injury or permeabilizing substances. Similarly, abrupt turgor changes imposed by osmotic shock cause crystalloid dispersal. Because chelators generally prevent the response, divalent cations appear to be the decisive factor in crystalloid expansion. Cycling between dispersal ...


Disruption Of Ini1 Leads To Peri-Implantation Lethality And Tumorigenesis In Mice, Cynthia J. Guidi, Arthur T. Sands, Brian P. Zambrowicz, Tod K. Turner, Delia A. Demers, William Webster, Thomas W. Smith, Anthony N. Imbalzano, Stephen N. Jones Apr 2001

Disruption Of Ini1 Leads To Peri-Implantation Lethality And Tumorigenesis In Mice, Cynthia J. Guidi, Arthur T. Sands, Brian P. Zambrowicz, Tod K. Turner, Delia A. Demers, William Webster, Thomas W. Smith, Anthony N. Imbalzano, Stephen N. Jones

GSBS Student Publications

SNF5/INI1 is a component of the ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling enzyme family SWI/SNF. Germ line mutations of INI1 have been identified in children with brain and renal rhabdoid tumors, indicating that INI1 is a tumor suppressor. Here we report that disruption of Ini1 expression in mice results in early embryonic lethality. Ini1-null embryos die between 3.5 and 5.5 days postcoitum, and Ini1-null blastocysts fail to hatch, form the trophectoderm, or expand the inner cell mass when cultured in vitro. Furthermore, we report that approximately 15% of Ini1-heterozygous mice present with tumors, mostly undifferentiated or poorly differentiated sarcomas ...


Does Growth Correlate With Turgor-Induced Elastic Strain In Stems? A Re-Evaluation Of De Vries' Classical Experiments, Winfried Peters, Maggie Farm, A. Kopf Mar 2001

Does Growth Correlate With Turgor-Induced Elastic Strain In Stems? A Re-Evaluation Of De Vries' Classical Experiments, Winfried Peters, Maggie Farm, A. Kopf

Winfried S. Peters

The correlation between growth and turgor-induced elastic expansion was studied in hypocotyls of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) seedlings under various growth conditions. Turgor-induced elastic cell wall strain was greater in hypocotyls of faster growing seedlings, i.e. in etiolated versus light-grown ones. It also was higher in rapidly growing young seedlings as compared with nongrowing mature ones. However, analysis of the spatial distribution of elastic strain and growth demonstrated that their correspondence was only apparent. Profiles of elastic strain declined steadily from the top of the hypocotyls toward the basis, whereas the profiles of relative elemental growth rate along the hypocotyls ...


Centrosome Defects Can Account For Cellular And Genetic Changes That Characterize Prostate Cancer Progression, German A. Pihan, Aruna Purohit, Jan Wallace, Raji Malhotra, Lance A. Liotta, Stephen J. Doxsey Mar 2001

Centrosome Defects Can Account For Cellular And Genetic Changes That Characterize Prostate Cancer Progression, German A. Pihan, Aruna Purohit, Jan Wallace, Raji Malhotra, Lance A. Liotta, Stephen J. Doxsey

Open Access Articles

Factors that determine the biological and clinical behavior of prostate cancer are largely unknown. Prostate tumor progression is characterized by changes in cellular architecture, glandular organization, and genomic composition. These features are reflected in the Gleason grade of the tumor and in the development of aneuploidy. Cellular architecture and genomic stability are controlled in part by centrosomes, organelles that organize microtubule arrays including mitotic spindles. Here we demonstrate that centrosomes are structurally and numerically abnormal in the majority of prostate carcinomas. Centrosome abnormalities increase with increasing Gleason grade and with increasing levels of genomic instability. Selective induction of centrosome abnormalities ...


Smad-Runx Interactions During Chondrocyte Maturation, Phoebe S. Leboy, Giovi Grasso-Knight, Mariana D'Angelo, Susan Volk, Jane B. Lian, Hicham Drissi, Gary S. Stein, Sherrill L. Adams Mar 2001

Smad-Runx Interactions During Chondrocyte Maturation, Phoebe S. Leboy, Giovi Grasso-Knight, Mariana D'Angelo, Susan Volk, Jane B. Lian, Hicham Drissi, Gary S. Stein, Sherrill L. Adams

Stein, Stein, Lian, vanWijnen Lab Publications

BACKGROUND: Intracellular signaling triggered by bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) results in activated Smad complexes that regulate transcription of BMP-responsive genes. However, the low specificity of Smad binding to regulatory sequences implies that additional tissue-specific transcription factors are also needed. Runx2 (Cbfal) is a transcription factor required for bone formation. We have examined the role of Smads and Runx2 in BMP induction of type X collagen, which is a marker of chondrocyte hypertrophy leading to endochondral bone formation.

METHODS: Pre-hypertrophic chondrocytes from the cephalic portion of the chick embryo sternum were placed in culture in the presence or absence of rhBMP-2 ...


Replication-Dependent Histone Gene Expression Is Related To Cajal Body (Cb) Association But Does Not Require Sustained Cb Contact, Lindsay S. Shopland, Meg Byron, Janet L. Stein, Jane B. Lian, Gary S. Stein, Jeanne B. Lawrence Mar 2001

Replication-Dependent Histone Gene Expression Is Related To Cajal Body (Cb) Association But Does Not Require Sustained Cb Contact, Lindsay S. Shopland, Meg Byron, Janet L. Stein, Jane B. Lian, Gary S. Stein, Jeanne B. Lawrence

Open Access Articles

Interactions between Cajal bodies (CBs) and replication-dependent histone loci occur more frequently than for other mRNA-encoding genes, but such interactions are not seen with all alleles at a given time. Because CBs contain factors required for transcriptional regulation and 3' end processing of nonpolyadenylated replication-dependent histone transcripts, we investigated whether interaction with CBs is related to metabolism of these transcripts, known to vary during the cell cycle. Our experiments revealed that a locus containing a cell cycle-independent, replacement histone gene that produces polyadenylated transcripts does not preferentially associate with CBs. Furthermore, modest but significant changes in association levels of CBs ...


Mathematical Modeling Of The Onset Of Capillary Formation Initiating Angiogenesis, Howard Levine, Brian D. Sleeman, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton Mar 2001

Mathematical Modeling Of The Onset Of Capillary Formation Initiating Angiogenesis, Howard Levine, Brian D. Sleeman, Marit Nilsen-Hamilton

Mathematics Publications

It is well accepted that neo-vascular formation can be divided into three main stages (which may be overlapping): (1) changes within the existing vessel, (2) formation of a new channel, (3) maturation of the new vessel.

In this paper we present a new approach to angiogenesis, based on the theory of reinforced random walks, coupled with a Michaelis-Menten type mechanism which views the endothelial cell receptors as the catalyst for transforming angiogenic factor into proteolytic enzyme in order to model the first stage. In this model, a single layer of endothelial cells is separated by a vascular wall from an ...


Experimental Observations Of A Nuclear Matrix, Jeffrey A. Nickerson Feb 2001

Experimental Observations Of A Nuclear Matrix, Jeffrey A. Nickerson

Open Access Articles

Nuclei are intricately structured, and nuclear metabolism has an elaborate spatial organization. The architecture of the nucleus includes two overlapping and nucleic-acid-containing structures - chromatin and a nuclear matrix. The nuclear matrix is observed by microscopy in live, fixed and extracted cells. Its ultrastructure and composition show it to be, in large part, the ribonucleoprotein (RNP) network first seen in unfractionated cells more than 30 years ago. At that time, the discovery of this RNP structure explained surprising observations that RNA, packaged in proteins, is attached to an intranuclear, non-chromatin structure. Periodic and specific attachments of chromatin fibers to the nuclear ...


Protein Targeting And Translocation, Barry D. Bruce, D.A. Phoenix Jan 2001

Protein Targeting And Translocation, Barry D. Bruce, D.A. Phoenix

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Biology

No abstract provided.


Aquaporin 5-Deficient Mouse Lungs Are Hyperresponsive To Cholinergic Stimulation, Carissa M. Krane, Christopher N. Fortner, Arthur R. Hand, Dennis W. Mcgraw, John N. Lorenz, Susan E. Wert, Jennifer E. Towne, Richard J. Paul, Jeffrey A. Whitsett, Anil G. Menon Jan 2001

Aquaporin 5-Deficient Mouse Lungs Are Hyperresponsive To Cholinergic Stimulation, Carissa M. Krane, Christopher N. Fortner, Arthur R. Hand, Dennis W. Mcgraw, John N. Lorenz, Susan E. Wert, Jennifer E. Towne, Richard J. Paul, Jeffrey A. Whitsett, Anil G. Menon

Biology Faculty Publications

Although aquaporin 5 (AQP5) is the major water channel expressed in alveolar type I cells in the lung, its actual role in the lung is a matter of considerable speculation. By using immunohistochemical staining, we show that AQP5 expression in mouse lung is not restricted to type I cells, but is also detected in alveolar type II cells, and in tracheal and bronchial epithelium. Aqp5 knockout (Aqp5−/−) mice were used to analyze AQP5 function in pulmonary physiology. Compared with Aqp5+/+ mice, Aqp5−/− mice show a significantly increased concentration-dependent bronchoconstriction to intravenously administered Ach, as shown by an increase in total ...


Self-Consistent Simulations Of Electroporation Dynamics In Biological Cells Subjected To Ultrashort Electrical Pulses, R. P. Joshi, Q. Hu, R. Aly, K. H. Schoenbach, H. P. Hjalmarson Jan 2001

Self-Consistent Simulations Of Electroporation Dynamics In Biological Cells Subjected To Ultrashort Electrical Pulses, R. P. Joshi, Q. Hu, R. Aly, K. H. Schoenbach, H. P. Hjalmarson

Bioelectrics Publications

The temporal dynamics of electroporation of cells subjected to ultrashort voltage pulses are studied based on a coupled scheme involving the Laplace, Nernst-Plank, and Smoluchowski equations. A pore radius dependent energy barrier for ionic transport, accounts for cellular variations. It is shown that a finite time delay exists in pore formation, and leads to a transient overshoot of the transmembrane potential Vmem beyond 1.0 V. Pore resealing is shown to consist of an initial fast process, a 10−4s delay, followed by a much slower closing at a time constant of about 10 −1s. This establishes ...


A Role For Actin, Cdc1p, And Myo2p In The Inheritance Of Late Golgi Elements In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Olivia W. Rossanese, Catherine A. Reinke, Brooke J. Bevis, Adam T. Hammond, Irina B. Sears, James O'Connor, Benjamin S. Glick Jan 2001

A Role For Actin, Cdc1p, And Myo2p In The Inheritance Of Late Golgi Elements In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae, Olivia W. Rossanese, Catherine A. Reinke, Brooke J. Bevis, Adam T. Hammond, Irina B. Sears, James O'Connor, Benjamin S. Glick

Faculty Publications

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Golgi elements are present in the bud very early in the cell cycle. We have analyzed this Golgi inheritance process using fluorescence microscopy and genetics. In rapidly growing cells, late Golgi elements show an actin-dependent concentration at sites of polarized growth. Late Golgi elements are apparently transported into the bud along actin cables and are also retained in the bud by a mechanism that may involve actin. A visual screen for mutants defective in the inheritance of late Golgi elements yielded multiple alleles of CDC1. Mutations in CDC1 severely depolarize the actin cytoskeleton, and these mutations prevent ...


Investigation Of The Effect Of Bcl-2 On Hybridoma Cell Survival , Mark Christopher Mowry Jan 2001

Investigation Of The Effect Of Bcl-2 On Hybridoma Cell Survival , Mark Christopher Mowry

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Hybridoma cells are widely used to produce large quantities of monoclonal antibodies for use as medicines and diagnostics. Bcl-2 is an oncogene that has been shown to have an anti-apoptotic effect in many cell lines including hybridomas. This study investigates the effect of various levels of bcl-2 expression on hybridoma cell grown and antibody productivity in both batch and perfusion culture.;H166 hybridomas were transfected with a plasmid containing a bcl-2 insert and stable clones were selected. The cells were grown in spinner flasks in batch mode for twelve days and it was confirmed that expression at high levels allow ...


Coordination Of Cell Morphology And Nuclear Division By The Bud Neck Control Ring In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae , Courtney Lynn Thomas Jan 2001

Coordination Of Cell Morphology And Nuclear Division By The Bud Neck Control Ring In Saccharomyces Cerevisiae , Courtney Lynn Thomas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Coordination of daughter cell growth and nuclear division are readily observed but not well understood in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae . A screen was performed to identify mutants which lost this coordination such that they exhibited an elongated cell morphology (improper cell growth), but continued to divide. The results of this screen and suppressor analysis suggests the bud neck ring is a control structure which determines cell morphology as well as nuclear division as an upstream regulator of Cdc28p-cyclin complexes.;The effects of mutations in specific components of the bud neck ring on the assembly of other components into the structure ...


Drosophila Jil-1 Kinase Mediates Histone H3 Ser10 Phosphorylation, Maintains Higher Order Chromatin Structure, And Is Implicated In Dosage Compensation , Yanming Wang Jan 2001

Drosophila Jil-1 Kinase Mediates Histone H3 Ser10 Phosphorylation, Maintains Higher Order Chromatin Structure, And Is Implicated In Dosage Compensation , Yanming Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Drosophila JIL-1 tandem Ser/Thr kinase is associated with chromosomes/chromatin throughout the cell cycle in early embryos and localized to hundreds of sites on the open interband regions on third instar larvae polytene chromosomes. Interestingly, the level of JIL-1 is upregulated on the male X chromosome, which is hypertranscribed for dosage compensation. The distribution of JIL-1 overlaps with that of MSL (male specific lethal) proteins and JIL-1 is associated with the MSL complex.;To further study the function of JIL-1 in vivo, a series of JIL-1 mutants from hypomorphs to null were generated. Analyzing the phenotypes of JIL-1 ...


Laser-Induced Fluorescence Detection In High-Throughput Screening Of Heterogeneous Catalysts And Single Cells Analysis , Hui Su Jan 2001

Laser-Induced Fluorescence Detection In High-Throughput Screening Of Heterogeneous Catalysts And Single Cells Analysis , Hui Su

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to develop laser-induced fluorescence detection in high-throughput screening of heterogeneous catalysts and single cells analysis.;First, a high-throughput in situ screening approach for solid heterogeneous catalysts by laser-induced fluorescence imaging is introduced. We demonstrated LIFI has good detection performance and the spatial and temporal resolution needed for high-throughput screening of heterogeneous catalysts. We further applied the LIFI screening system for combinatorial discovery of heterogeneous catalysts and reaction condition optimization for naphthalene oxidation, as well as combinatorial study of catalytic performance of zeolites in acylation of aromatics.;In the second part of this dissertation, we ...


Concentration Of Specific Biogenic Amines In Ventricular Csf Of Type A And B Parkinson's Disease Patients On Sinemet, Justin Robert Ahlman Jan 2001

Concentration Of Specific Biogenic Amines In Ventricular Csf Of Type A And B Parkinson's Disease Patients On Sinemet, Justin Robert Ahlman

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


Receptor Number And Caveolar Co-Localization Determine Receptor Coupling Efficiency To Adenylyl Cyclase, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Caroline Gregorian, Ryan M. Drenan, Yang Xiang, John W. Regan, Paul A. Insel Jan 2001

Receptor Number And Caveolar Co-Localization Determine Receptor Coupling Efficiency To Adenylyl Cyclase, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Caroline Gregorian, Ryan M. Drenan, Yang Xiang, John W. Regan, Paul A. Insel

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Recent evidence suggests that many signaling molecules localize in microdomains of the plasma membrane, particularly caveolae. In this study, overexpression of adenylyl cyclase was used as a functional probe of G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) compartmentation. We found that three endogenous receptors in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes couple with different levels of efficiency to the activation of adenylyl cyclase type 6 (AC6), which localizes to caveolin-rich membrane fractions. Overexpression of AC6 enhanced the maximal cAMP response to β1-adrenergic receptor (β1AR)-selective activation 3.7-fold, to β2AR-selective activation only 1.6-fold and to prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) not at all. Therefore, the rank order ...


Characterization Of The Biological Activities Of Recombinant Fusion Protein Green Fluorescent Protein/Human Zona Pellucida Protein 3 (Gfp/Hzp3), Zhiyong Lin Jan 2001

Characterization Of The Biological Activities Of Recombinant Fusion Protein Green Fluorescent Protein/Human Zona Pellucida Protein 3 (Gfp/Hzp3), Zhiyong Lin

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Despite numerous reports indicating the successful production of bioactive recombinant ZP3, no report has shown the rhZP3 having direct binding activity with human sperm. Recombinant ZP3 generated from our previous study displayed binding activity with human sperm through indirect evidence from hemizona assay (HZA).

This present study focused on the production of recombinant ZP3 with direct binding activity with human sperm. Through the application of a pEGFP expression vector, fusion protein GFP/ZP3 was successfully generated and expressed. The expression of GFP/ZP3 was evidenced by RT-PCR and western blot. The fusion protein was partially purified by Ni-NTA affinity column ...


The Paradox Of Plastid Transit Peptides: Conservation Of Function Despite Divergence In Primary Structure, Barry Bruce Dec 2000

The Paradox Of Plastid Transit Peptides: Conservation Of Function Despite Divergence In Primary Structure, Barry Bruce

Barry D. Bruce

Transit peptides are N-terminal extensions that facilitate the targeting and translocation of cytosolically synthesized precursors into plastids via a post-translational mechanism. With the complete Arabidopsis genome in hand, it is now evident that transit peptides direct more than 3500 different proteins into the plastid during the life of a typical plant. Deciphering a common mechanism for how this multitude of targeting sequences function has been hampered by the realization that at a primary sequence level, transit peptides are highly divergent in length, composition, and organization. This review addresses recent findings on several of the diverse functions that transit peptides must ...


Abnormal Expression Of P27kip1 Protein In Levator Ani Muscle Of Aging Women With Pelvic Floor Disorders - A Relationship To The Cellular Differentiation And Degeneration., A Bukovsky, P Copas, M Caudle, Maria Cekanova, T Dassanayake, B Asbury, S Vanmeter, R Elder, J Brown, S Cross Dec 2000

Abnormal Expression Of P27kip1 Protein In Levator Ani Muscle Of Aging Women With Pelvic Floor Disorders - A Relationship To The Cellular Differentiation And Degeneration., A Bukovsky, P Copas, M Caudle, Maria Cekanova, T Dassanayake, B Asbury, S Vanmeter, R Elder, J Brown, S Cross

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

BACKGROUND: Pelvic floor disorders affect almost 50% of aging women. An important role in the pelvic floor support belongs to the levator ani muscle. The p27/kip1 (p27) protein, multifunctional cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, shows changing expression in differentiating skeletal muscle cells during development, and relatively high levels of p27 RNA were detected in the normal human skeletal muscles. METHODS: Biopsy samples of levator ani muscle were obtained from 22 symptomatic patients with stress urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, and overlaps (age range 38-74), and nine asymptomatic women (age 31-49). Cryostat sections were investigated for p27 protein expression and type I ...


Protein Targeting And Translocation, Barry Bruce, D.A. Phoenix Dec 2000

Protein Targeting And Translocation, Barry Bruce, D.A. Phoenix

Barry D. Bruce

No abstract provided.