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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Kinetics And Relative Importance Of Phosphorolytic And Hydrolytic Cleavage Of Cellodextrins And Cellobiose In Cell Extracts Of Clostridium Thermocellum, Yie.-Heng P. Zhang, Lee R. Lynd Dec 2004

Kinetics And Relative Importance Of Phosphorolytic And Hydrolytic Cleavage Of Cellodextrins And Cellobiose In Cell Extracts Of Clostridium Thermocellum, Yie.-Heng P. Zhang, Lee R. Lynd

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Rates of phosphorolytic cleavage of 􏰁-glucan substrates were determined for cell extracts from Clostridium thermocellum ATCC 27405 and were compared to rates of hydrolytic cleavage. Reactions with cellopentaose and cellobiose were evaluated for both cellulose (Avicel)- and cellobiose-grown cultures, with more limited data also obtained for cellotetraose. To measure the reaction rate in the chain-shortening direction at elevated temper- atures, an assay protocol was developed featuring discrete sampling at 60°C followed by subsequent analysis of reaction products (glucose and glucose-1-phosphate) at 35°C. Calculated rates of phosphorolytic cleavage for cell extract from Avicel-grown cells exceeded rates of hydrolytic cleavage ...


Analysis Of Microtubule Sliding Patterns In Chlamydomonas Flagellar Axonemes Reveals Dynein Activity On Specific Doublet Microtubules, M. J. Wargo, Mark A. Mcpeek, Elizabeth F. Smith Jan 2004

Analysis Of Microtubule Sliding Patterns In Chlamydomonas Flagellar Axonemes Reveals Dynein Activity On Specific Doublet Microtubules, M. J. Wargo, Mark A. Mcpeek, Elizabeth F. Smith

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Generating the complex waveforms characteristic of beating eukaryotic cilia and flagella requires spatial regulation of dynein-driven microtubule sliding. To generate bending, one prediction is that dynein arms alternate between active and inactive forms on specific subsets of doublet microtubules. Using an in vitro microtubule sliding assay combined with a structural approach, we determined that ATP induces sliding between specific subsets of doublet microtubules, apparently capturing one phase of the beat cycle. These studies were also conducted using high Ca2+ conditions. InChlamydomonas, high Ca2+ induces changes in waveform which are predicted to result from regulating dynein

activity on specific microtubules. Our ...


Bcma Is Essential For The Survival Of Long-Lived Bone Marrow Plasma Cells, Brian P. O'Connor, Vanitha S. Raman, Loren D. Erickson, W. James Cook, Lehn K. Weaver, Cory Ahonen, Ling-Li Lin, George Mantchev, Richard J. Bram, Randolph J. Noelle Jan 2004

Bcma Is Essential For The Survival Of Long-Lived Bone Marrow Plasma Cells, Brian P. O'Connor, Vanitha S. Raman, Loren D. Erickson, W. James Cook, Lehn K. Weaver, Cory Ahonen, Ling-Li Lin, George Mantchev, Richard J. Bram, Randolph J. Noelle

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Long-lived humoral immunity is manifested by the ability of bone marrow plasma cells (PCs) to survive for extended periods of time. Recent studies have underscored the importance of BLyS and APRIL as factors that can support the survival of B lineage lymphocytes. We show that BLyS can sustain PC survival in vitro, and this survival can be further enhanced by inter- leukin 6. Selective up-regulation of Mcl-1 in PCs by BLyS suggests that this 􏰀-apoptotic gene product may play an important role in PC survival. Blockade of BLyS, via transmembrane activator and cyclophilin ligand interactor–immunoglobulin treatment, inhibited PC survival ...