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Open Access Articles

Necroptosis

2016

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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Border Security: The Role Of Ripk3 In Epithelium Homeostasis, Kenta Moriwaki, Sakthi Balaji, Francis Ka-Ming Chan Jun 2016

Border Security: The Role Of Ripk3 In Epithelium Homeostasis, Kenta Moriwaki, Sakthi Balaji, Francis Ka-Ming Chan

Open Access Articles

Receptor interacting protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) is a crucial inducer of necroptosis. Its activity is controlled by interaction with other signal adaptors through the "RIP homotypic interaction motif" (RHIM). Recent studies revealed a critical function for RIPK3 in the maintenance of epithelial tissue integrity. In mice with genetic deficiency of the apoptosis adaptors FADD or caspase 8, RIPK3 promotes necroptotic cell death of epithelial cells, leading to excessive and lethal inflammation. In contrast, when FADD and caspase 8 functions are intact, RIPK3 serves as a protector of intestinal epithelial integrity by promoting injury-induced wound repair. In the latter case, RIPK3 ...