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Biology Faculty Publications

Schwann cells

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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Altered Trafficking Of Mutant Connexin32, Suzanne M. Deschênes, Jessica L. Walcott, Tamara L. Wexler, Steven S. Scherer, Kenneth H. Fischbeck Dec 1997

Altered Trafficking Of Mutant Connexin32, Suzanne M. Deschênes, Jessica L. Walcott, Tamara L. Wexler, Steven S. Scherer, Kenneth H. Fischbeck

Biology Faculty Publications

We examined the cellular localization of nine different connexin32 (Cx32) mutants associated with X-linked Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease (CMTX) in communication-incompetent mammalian cells. Cx32 mRNA was made, but little or no protein was detected in one class of mutants. In another class of mutants, Cx32 protein was detectable in the cytoplasm and at the cell surface, where it appeared as plaques and punctate staining. Cx32 immunoreactivity in a third class of mutants was restricted to the cytoplasm, where it often colocalized with the Golgi apparatus. Our studies suggest that CMTX mutations have a predominant effect on the trafficking of Cx32 ...


Connexin32 Is A Myelin-Related Protein In The Pns And Cns, Steven S. Scherer, Suzanne M. Deschênes, Yi-Tian Xu, Judith B. Grinspan, Kenneth H. Fischbeck, David L. Paul Dec 1995

Connexin32 Is A Myelin-Related Protein In The Pns And Cns, Steven S. Scherer, Suzanne M. Deschênes, Yi-Tian Xu, Judith B. Grinspan, Kenneth H. Fischbeck, David L. Paul

Biology Faculty Publications

We have examined the expression of a gap junction protein, connexin32 (Cx32), in Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes. In peripheral nerve, Cx32 is found in the paranodal myelin loops and Schmidt-Lanterman incisures of myelinating Schwann cells, and the levels of Cx32 protein and mRNA change in parallel with those of other myelin-related genes during development, Wallerian degeneration, and axonal regeneration. In the central nervous system, Cx32 is found in oligodendrocytes and their processes, but not in compact myelin, and the levels of Cx32 protein and mRNA increase during development in parallel with those of the other myelin genes. Thus, Cx32 is ...