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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Mutations Affecting A Putative Mutla Endonuclease Motif Impact Multiple Dna Mismatch Repair Functions, Naz Erdeniz, Megan Nguyen, Suzanne M. Deschênes, R. Michael Liskay Oct 2007

Mutations Affecting A Putative Mutla Endonuclease Motif Impact Multiple Dna Mismatch Repair Functions, Naz Erdeniz, Megan Nguyen, Suzanne M. Deschênes, R. Michael Liskay

Biology Faculty Publications

Mutations in DNA mismatch repair (MMR) lead to increased mutation rates and higher recombination between similar, but not identical sequences, as well as resistance to certain DNA methylating agents. Recently, a component of human MMR machinery, MutLα, has been shown to display a latent endonuclease activity. The endonuclease active site appears to include a conserved motif, DQHA(X)2E(X)4E, within the COOH-terminus of human PMS2. Substitution of the glutamic acid residue (E705) abolished the endonuclease activity and mismatch-dependent excision in vitro. Previously, we showed that the PMS2-E705K mutation and the corresponding mutation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae ...


Comparative Functional Analysis Of Aquaporins/Glyceroporins In Mammals And Anurans, Carissa M. Krane, David L. Goldstein Jul 2007

Comparative Functional Analysis Of Aquaporins/Glyceroporins In Mammals And Anurans, Carissa M. Krane, David L. Goldstein

Biology Faculty Publications

Maintenance of fluid homeostasis is critical to establishing and maintaining normal physiology. The landmark discovery of membrane water channels (aquaporins; AQPs) ushered in a new area in osmoregulatory biology that has drawn from and contributed to diverse branches of biology, from molecular biology and genomics to systems biology and evolution, and from microbial and plant biology to animal and translational physiology. As a result, the study of AQPs provides a unique and integrated backdrop for exploring the relationships between genes and genome systems, the regulation of gene expression, and the physiologic consequences of genetic variation. The wide species distribution of ...


The E705k Mutation In Hpms2 Exerts Recessive, Not Dominant, Effects On Mismatch Repair, Suzanne M. Deschênes, Guy Tomer, Megan Nguyen, Naz Erdeniz, Nicole C. Juba, Natalia Sepúlveda, Jenna E. Pisani, R. Michael Liskay May 2007

The E705k Mutation In Hpms2 Exerts Recessive, Not Dominant, Effects On Mismatch Repair, Suzanne M. Deschênes, Guy Tomer, Megan Nguyen, Naz Erdeniz, Nicole C. Juba, Natalia Sepúlveda, Jenna E. Pisani, R. Michael Liskay

Biology Faculty Publications

The hPMS2 mutation E705K is associated with Turcot syndrome. To elucidate the pathogenesis of hPMS2-E705K, we modeled this mutation in yeast and characterized its expression and effects on mutation avoidance in mammalian cells. We found that while hPMS2-E705K (pms1-E738K in yeast) did not significantly affect hPMS2 (Pms1p in yeast) stability or interaction with MLH1, it could not complement the mutator phenotype in MMR-deficient mouse or yeast cells. Furthermore, hPMS2-E705K/pms1-E738K inhibited MMR in wild-type (WT) mammalian cell extracts or yeast cells only when present in excess amounts relative to WT PMS2. Our results strongly suggest that hPMS2-E705K is a recessive ...