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Biology Faculty Publications

Molecular Genetics

2016

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Cullin-4 Regulates Wingless And Jnk Signaling-Mediated Cell Death In The Drosophila Eye., Meghana Tare, Ankita Sarkar, Shimpi Bedi, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh Dec 2016

Cullin-4 Regulates Wingless And Jnk Signaling-Mediated Cell Death In The Drosophila Eye., Meghana Tare, Ankita Sarkar, Shimpi Bedi, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh

Biology Faculty Publications

In all multicellular organisms, the fundamental processes of cell proliferation and cell death are crucial for growth regulation during organogenesis. Strict regulation of cell death is important to maintain tissue homeostasis by affecting processes like regulation of cell number, and elimination of unwanted/unfit cells. The developing Drosophila eye is a versatile model to study patterning and growth, where complex signaling pathways regulate growth and cell survival. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying regulation of these processes is not fully understood. In a gain-of-function screen, we found that misexpression of cullin-4 (cul-4), an ubiquitin ligase, can rescue reduced eye mutant phenotypes ...


Loss Of Cell Adhesion Increases Tumorigenic Potential Of Polarity Deficient Scribble Mutant Cells, Indrayani Waghmare, Madhuri Kango-Singh Jun 2016

Loss Of Cell Adhesion Increases Tumorigenic Potential Of Polarity Deficient Scribble Mutant Cells, Indrayani Waghmare, Madhuri Kango-Singh

Biology Faculty Publications

Epithelial polarity genes are important for maintaining tissue architecture, and regulating growth. The Drosophila neoplastic tumor suppressor gene scribble (scrib) belongs to the basolateral polarity complex. Loss of scrib results in disruption of its growth regulatory functions, and downregulation or mislocalization of Scrib is correlated to tumor growth. Somatic scribble mutant cells (scrib-) surrounded by wild-type cells undergo apoptosis, which can be prevented by introduction of secondary mutations that provide a growth advantage. Using genetic tools in Drosophila, we analyzed the phenotypic effects of loss of scrib in different growth promoting backgrounds. We investigated if a central mechanism that regulates ...


Alzheimer's Disease: The Silver Tsunami Of The 21st Century, Ankita Sarkar, Madison Irwin, Aditi Singh, Matthew Riccetti, Amit Singh May 2016

Alzheimer's Disease: The Silver Tsunami Of The 21st Century, Ankita Sarkar, Madison Irwin, Aditi Singh, Matthew Riccetti, Amit Singh

Biology Faculty Publications

Alzheimer's disease (AD), a fatal progressive neurodegenerative disorder, has no cure to date. One of the causes of AD is the accumulation of amyloid-beta 42 (Aß42) plaques, which result in the onset of neurodegeneration. It is not known how these plaques trigger the onset of neurodegeneration. There are several animal models developed to (i) study etiology of disease, (ii) look for genetic modifiers, and (iii) identify chemical inhibitors that can block neurodegeneration and help to find cure for this disease. An insect model of Drosophila melanogaster has also provided new insights into the disease. Here we will discuss the ...


The Impact Of Oxygen On Bacterial Enteric Pathogens, Nathan Wallace, Ashley N. Zani, Elizabeth A. Abrams, Yvonne Sun Jan 2016

The Impact Of Oxygen On Bacterial Enteric Pathogens, Nathan Wallace, Ashley N. Zani, Elizabeth A. Abrams, Yvonne Sun

Biology Faculty Publications

Bacterial enteric pathogens are responsible for a tremendous amount of foodborne illnesses every year through the consumption of contaminated food products. During their transit from contaminated food sources to the host gastrointestinal tract, these pathogens are exposed and must adapt to fluctuating oxygen levels to successfully colonize the host and cause diseases. However, the majority of enteric infection research has been conducted under aerobic conditions. To raise awareness of the importance in understanding the impact of oxygen, or lack of oxygen, on enteric pathogenesis, we describe in this review the metabolic and physiological responses of nine bacterial enteric pathogens exposed ...