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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

The Cababc Operon Essential For Biofilm And Rugose Colony Development In Vibrio Vulnificus, Jin Hwan Park, Youmi Jo, Song Yee Jang, Haenaem Kwon, Yasuhiko Irie, Matthew R. Parsek, Myung Hee Kim, Sang Ho Choi Sep 2015

The Cababc Operon Essential For Biofilm And Rugose Colony Development In Vibrio Vulnificus, Jin Hwan Park, Youmi Jo, Song Yee Jang, Haenaem Kwon, Yasuhiko Irie, Matthew R. Parsek, Myung Hee Kim, Sang Ho Choi

Biology Faculty Publications

A transcriptome analysis identified Vibrio vulnificus cabABC genes which were preferentially expressed in biofilms. The cabABC genes were transcribed as a single operon. The cabA gene was induced by elevated 3′,5′-cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP) and encoded a calcium-binding protein CabA. Comparison of the biofilms produced by the cabA mutant and its parent strain JN111 in microtiter plates using crystal-violet staining demonstrated that CabA contributed to biofilm formation in a calcium-dependent manner under elevated c-di-GMP conditions. Genetic and biochemical analyses revealed that CabA was secreted to the cell exterior through functional CabB and CabC, distributed throughout the biofilm matrix ...


Drosophila Eye Model To Study Neuroprotective Role Of Creb Binding Protein (Cbp) In Alzheimer’S Disease, Timothy Cutler, Ankita Sarkar, Michael Moran, Andrew Steffensmeier, Oorvashi Roy Puli, Greg Mancini, Meghana Tare Sep 2015

Drosophila Eye Model To Study Neuroprotective Role Of Creb Binding Protein (Cbp) In Alzheimer’S Disease, Timothy Cutler, Ankita Sarkar, Michael Moran, Andrew Steffensmeier, Oorvashi Roy Puli, Greg Mancini, Meghana Tare

Biology Faculty Publications

Background: The progressive neurodegenerative disorder Alzheimer’s disease (AD) manifests as loss of cognitive functions, and finally leads to death of the affected individual. AD may result from accumulation of amyloid plaques. These amyloid plaques comprising of amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42) polypeptides results from the improper cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) in the brain. The Aβ42 plaques have been shown to disrupt the normal cellular processes and thereby trigger abnormal signaling which results in the death of neurons. However, the molecular-genetic mechanism(s) responsible for Aβ42 mediated neurodegeneration is yet to be fully understood.

Methodology/Principal Findings: We have utilized ...


Beyond Bivariate Correlations: Three-Block Partial Least Squares Illustrated With Vegetation, Soil, And Topography, Daehyun Kim, Thomas J. Dewitt, César S. B. Costa, John A. Kupfer, Ryan W. Mcewan, J. Anthony Stallins Aug 2015

Beyond Bivariate Correlations: Three-Block Partial Least Squares Illustrated With Vegetation, Soil, And Topography, Daehyun Kim, Thomas J. Dewitt, César S. B. Costa, John A. Kupfer, Ryan W. Mcewan, J. Anthony Stallins

Biology Faculty Publications

Ecologists, particularly those engaged in biogeomorphic studies, often seek to connect data from three or more domains. Using three-block partial least squares regression, we present a procedure to quantify and define bi-variance and tri-variance of data blocks related to plant communities, their soil parameters, and topography. Bi-variance indicates the total amount of covariation between these three domains taken in pairs, whereas tri-variance refers to the common variance shared by all domains. We characterized relationships among three domains (plant communities, soil properties, topography) for a salt marsh, four coastal dunes, and two temperate forests spanning several regions in the world. We ...


Genetic Changes To A Transcriptional Silencer Element Confers Phenotypic Diversity Within And Between Drosophila Species, Winslow C. Johnson, Alison J. Ordway, Masayoshi Watada, Jonathan N. Pruitt, Thomas M. Williams, Mark Rebeiz Jun 2015

Genetic Changes To A Transcriptional Silencer Element Confers Phenotypic Diversity Within And Between Drosophila Species, Winslow C. Johnson, Alison J. Ordway, Masayoshi Watada, Jonathan N. Pruitt, Thomas M. Williams, Mark Rebeiz

Biology Faculty Publications

The modification of transcriptional regulation has become increasingly appreciated as a major contributor to morphological evolution. However, the role of negative-acting control elements (e.g. silencers) in generating morphological diversity has been generally overlooked relative to positive-acting “enhancer” elements. The highly variable body coloration patterns among Drosophilid insects represents a powerful model system in which the molecular alterations that underlie phenotypic diversity can be defined. In a survey of pigment phenotypes among geographically disparate Japanese populations of Drosophila auraria, we discovered a remarkable degree of variation in male-specific abdominal coloration. In testing the expression patterns of the major pigment-producing enzymes ...


The Hippo Pathway Effector Yki Downregulates Wg Signaling To Promote Retinal Differentiation In The Drosophila Eye, Erika Lynn Wittkorn, Ankita Sarkar, Kristine Garcia, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh May 2015

The Hippo Pathway Effector Yki Downregulates Wg Signaling To Promote Retinal Differentiation In The Drosophila Eye, Erika Lynn Wittkorn, Ankita Sarkar, Kristine Garcia, Madhuri Kango-Singh, Amit Singh

Biology Faculty Publications

The evolutionarily conserved Hippo signaling pathway is known to regulate cell proliferation and maintain tissue homeostasis during development. We found that activation of Yorkie (Yki), the effector of the Hippo signaling pathway, causes separable effects on growth and differentiation of theDrosophila eye. We present evidence supporting a role for Yki in suppressing eye fate by downregulation of the core retinal determination genes. Other upstream regulators of the Hippo pathway mediate this effect of Yki on retinal differentiation. Here, we show that, in the developing eye, Yki can prevent retinal differentiation by blocking morphogenetic furrow (MF) progression and R8 specification ...


Cell Type-Specific Responses To Wingless, Hedgehog And Decapentaplegic Are Essential For Patterning Early Eye-Antenna Disc In Drosophila, Jong-Hoon Won, Orkhon Tsogtbartarr, Wonseok Son, Amit Singh, Kwang-Wook Choi, Kyung-Ok Cho Apr 2015

Cell Type-Specific Responses To Wingless, Hedgehog And Decapentaplegic Are Essential For Patterning Early Eye-Antenna Disc In Drosophila, Jong-Hoon Won, Orkhon Tsogtbartarr, Wonseok Son, Amit Singh, Kwang-Wook Choi, Kyung-Ok Cho

Biology Faculty Publications

The Drosophila eye-antenna imaginal disc (ead) is a flattened sac of two-layered epithelia, from which most head structures are derived. Secreted morphogens like Wingless (Wg), Hedgehog (Hh), and Decapentaplegic (Dpp) are important for early patterning of ead, but the underlying mechanisms are still largely unknown. To understand how these morphogens function in the ead of early larval stages, we used wg-LacZ and dpp-Gal4 markers for the examination of wild-type and mutant eads. We found that the ead immediately after hatching was crescent-shaped with the Bolwig’s nerve at the ventral edge, suggesting that it consists of dorsal domain. In a ...


The Evolutionary Origination And Diversification Of A Dimorphic Gene Regulatory Network Through Parallel Innovations In Cis And Trans, Eric M. Camino, John C. Butts, Alison J. Ordway, Jordan E. Vellky, Mark Rebeiz, Thomas M. Williams Apr 2015

The Evolutionary Origination And Diversification Of A Dimorphic Gene Regulatory Network Through Parallel Innovations In Cis And Trans, Eric M. Camino, John C. Butts, Alison J. Ordway, Jordan E. Vellky, Mark Rebeiz, Thomas M. Williams

Biology Faculty Publications

The origination and diversification of morphological characteristics represents a key problem in understanding the evolution of development. Morphological traits result from gene regulatory networks (GRNs) that form a web of transcription factors, which regulate multiple cis-regulatory element (CRE) sequences to control the coordinated expression of differentiation genes. The formation and modification of GRNs must ultimately be understood at the level of individual regulatory linkages (i.e., transcription factor binding sites within CREs) that constitute the network. Here, we investigate how elements within a network originated and diversified to generate a broad range of abdominal pigmentation phenotypes among Sophophora fruit ...