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Florida International University

Endothelin

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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Transgneic Endothelin 3 Regulates Murine Pigment Production And Coat Color, Javier Pino Oct 2017

Transgneic Endothelin 3 Regulates Murine Pigment Production And Coat Color, Javier Pino

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Pigmentation plays a protective role against damage caused by ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Humans with fair skin and light hair have a higher susceptibility to UV-induced DNA damage that can lead to the development of skin cancers. The melanocytes found in the skin and hair follicles depend on different signaling molecules for their proper development and pigment production. α-Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (α-msh) binds to the Melanocortin 1 receptor (Mc1r) to regulate pigment production and the switch between eumelanin and pheomelanin. Lethal yellow mice (Ay) overexpress the agouti signaling protein, which inhibits the binding of α-msh, resulting in a yellow coat ...