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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

The Nuclear Factor Of Activated T Cells (Nfat) Transcription Factor Nfatp (Nfatc2) Is A Repressor Of Chondrogenesis, Ann M. Ranger, Louis C. Gerstenfeld, Jinxi Wang, Tamiyo Kon, Hyunsu Bae, Ellen M. Gravallese, Melvin J. Glimcher, Laurie H. Glimcher Apr 2015

The Nuclear Factor Of Activated T Cells (Nfat) Transcription Factor Nfatp (Nfatc2) Is A Repressor Of Chondrogenesis, Ann M. Ranger, Louis C. Gerstenfeld, Jinxi Wang, Tamiyo Kon, Hyunsu Bae, Ellen M. Gravallese, Melvin J. Glimcher, Laurie H. Glimcher

Ellen M. Gravallese

Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) transcription factors regulate gene expression in lymphocytes and control cardiac valve formation. Here, we report that NFATp regulates chondrogenesis in the adult animal. In mice lacking NFATp, resident cells in the extraarticular connective tissues spontaneously differentiate to cartilage. These cartilage cells progressively differentiate and the tissue undergoes endochondral ossification, recapitulating the development of endochondral bone. Proliferation of already existing articular cartilage cells also occurs in some older animals. At both sites, neoplastic changes in the cartilage cells occur. Consistent with these data, NFATp expression is regulated in mesenchymal stem cells induced to differentiate ...


A Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Dna-Binding Protein For A Class Ii Gene In B Cells Is Distinct From Nf-Kappa B, Ellen M. Gravallese, Mark R. Boothby, Cynthia M. Smas, Laurie H. Glimcher Apr 2015

A Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Dna-Binding Protein For A Class Ii Gene In B Cells Is Distinct From Nf-Kappa B, Ellen M. Gravallese, Mark R. Boothby, Cynthia M. Smas, Laurie H. Glimcher

Ellen M. Gravallese

Class II (Ia) major histocompatibility complex molecules are cell surface proteins normally expressed by a limited subset of cells of the immune system. These molecules regulate the activation of T cells and are required for the presentation of antigens and the initiation of immune responses. The expression of Ia in B cells is determined by both the developmental stage of the B cell and by certain external stimuli. It has been demonstrated previously that treatment of B cells with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) results in increased surface expression of Ia protein. However, we have confirmed that LPS treatment results in a significant ...