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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Downregulation Of Pax2 Suppresses Ovarian Cancer Cell Growth, Huijuan Song Aug 2011

Downregulation Of Pax2 Suppresses Ovarian Cancer Cell Growth, Huijuan Song

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

PAX2 is one of nine PAX genes regulating tissue development and cellular differentiation in embryos. PAX2 promotes cell proliferation, oncogenic transformation, cell-lineage specification, migration, and survival. Unattenuated PAX2 has been found in several cancer types. We therefore sought to elucidate the role of PAX2 in ovarian carcinomas. We found that PAX2 was expressed in low-grade serous, clear cell, endometrioid and mucinous cell ovarian carcinomas, which are relatively chemoresistant compared to high grade serous ovarian carcinomas. Four ovarian cancer cell lines, RMUGL (mucinous), TOV21G (clear cell), MDAH-2774 (endometrioid) and IGROV1 (endometrioid), which express high-levels of PAX2, were used to study the ...


Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Field Induction Of Programmed Cell Death Is Cell Type Dependent: An In Vitro Study, Wei Ren Jul 2011

Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Field Induction Of Programmed Cell Death Is Cell Type Dependent: An In Vitro Study, Wei Ren

Theses and Dissertations in Biomedical Sciences

Nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEFs) present a novel and effective method for cancer ablation by eradicating the ubiquitous cancer hallmark of apoptosis evasion and enforcing cancer programmed cell death. To develop nsPEFs as an anticancer method, a comprehensive understanding of cell death mechanisms is required. The overall objective of this dissertation is to elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying effects of nsPEFs on E4 murine squamous cell carcinoma and human T-cell Jurkat clones that are wildtype, deficient in FADD (ΔFADD) and deficient in caspase-8 (ACas-8). The overall hypothesis is that nsPEFs eliminate cancer cells through activating caspase-dependent and caspase-independent programmed cell death ...


Regulation Of Tgf-Β1-Induced Apoptosis And Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition By Matrix Rigidity, Jennifer L. Leight May 2011

Regulation Of Tgf-Β1-Induced Apoptosis And Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition By Matrix Rigidity, Jennifer L. Leight

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) plays an important role in several diseases that characteristically involve changes in tissue rigidity, such as cancer and tissue fibrosis. To determine whether matrix rigidity regulates the effects of TGF-β, we examined NMuMG and MDCK epithelial cells cultured on polyacrylamide gels with varying rigidity and treated with TGF-β1. Decreasing matrix rigidity reduced cell spreading and increased TGF-β1-induced apoptosis, while increasing matrix rigidity resulted in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). To more carefully control cell spreading, microcontact printing was used to restrict ECM area and revealed that reducing cell spreading also increased apoptosis. Apoptosis on compliant substrates was associated ...


Mechanisms Of Yttrium Oxide Toxicity In Hek293 Cells, Sravanthi Bodapati Jan 2011

Mechanisms Of Yttrium Oxide Toxicity In Hek293 Cells, Sravanthi Bodapati

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

As a non-metal oxide, yttrium oxide (Y2O3) nanoparticles have numerous applications in chemical synthesis, mechanical polishing and as additives to drugs, cosmetics, varnishes and food. Recent data have suggested that these particles are capable of inducing oxidative stress and cytotoxicity in human endothelial cell lines. To examine the potential mechanisms of yttrium oxide toxicity, human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells were exposed to 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 μM of Y2O3 nanoparticles for 12, 24, 36 or 48 hr. We hypothesized that exposure of HEK293 kidney cells to Y2O3 nanoparticles would be associated with increased evidence of intracellular oxidative stress ...