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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Elucidating The Signalling Pathway Of Mer Tyrosine Kinase Receptor In Efferocytosis, Ekenedelichukwu Azu Aug 2014

Elucidating The Signalling Pathway Of Mer Tyrosine Kinase Receptor In Efferocytosis, Ekenedelichukwu Azu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Efferocytosis is the clearance of apoptotic cells and is necessary for homeostasis. Mer Tyrosine Kinase (MerTK) is a crucial efferocytic receptor whose loss is associated with chronic inflammatory diseases and autoimmunity. While previous studies have shown that MerTK mediates efferocytosis through a unique mechanism that requires integrins, MerTK signalling pathway remains unknown. Given this unusual internalization mechanism, I hypothesized that MerTK signals and engages integrins through a novel signalling pathway different from that used by other phagocytic receptors. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the signalling pathways activated by MerTK, utilizing conventional cell biology and pharmacological approaches.

I found that ...


Characterization Of Efferosome Maturation And The Processing Of Apoptotic Bodies, Yohan Kim Aug 2014

Characterization Of Efferosome Maturation And The Processing Of Apoptotic Bodies, Yohan Kim

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Every day billions of cells in our bodies undergo apoptosis and are cleared through efferocytosis – a phagocytosis-like process in which phagocytes engulf and degrade apoptotic cells. Proper processing of efferosomes prevents inflammation and immunogenic presentation of antigens. In this thesis I determined that the early stages of efferosome maturation parallel that of the pro-immunogenic phagocytosis of pathogens. Mass spectrometry analysis of later maturation stages identified unique regulatory proteins on efferosomes and phagosomes. Keys among these were Rab17 and Rab45 on efferosomes versus Rab6b and PI-4-Kinase on phagosomes. The later would allow for antigen presentation from phagosomes, while the former would ...