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Apoptosis

Marshall University

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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Mechanisms Of Yttrium Oxide Toxicity In Hek293 Cells, Sravanthi Bodapati Jan 2011

Mechanisms Of Yttrium Oxide Toxicity In Hek293 Cells, Sravanthi Bodapati

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

As a non-metal oxide, yttrium oxide (Y2O3) nanoparticles have numerous applications in chemical synthesis, mechanical polishing and as additives to drugs, cosmetics, varnishes and food. Recent data have suggested that these particles are capable of inducing oxidative stress and cytotoxicity in human endothelial cell lines. To examine the potential mechanisms of yttrium oxide toxicity, human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells were exposed to 1, 5, 10, 50 and 100 μM of Y2O3 nanoparticles for 12, 24, 36 or 48 hr. We hypothesized that exposure of HEK293 kidney cells to Y2O3 nanoparticles would be associated with increased evidence of intracellular oxidative stress ...