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Apoptosis

Liberty University

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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Intrinsic Apoptotic Pathway: Effects Of Calcium On Murine Cytochrome C Release In Brain And Liver Mitochondria, Dane M. Edwards Apr 2013

Intrinsic Apoptotic Pathway: Effects Of Calcium On Murine Cytochrome C Release In Brain And Liver Mitochondria, Dane M. Edwards

Senior Honors Theses

A cell may use one of three main apoptotic pathways leading to programmed cell death: the extrinsic pathway, the perforin/granzyme pathway and the intrinsic pathway. The most pertinent to this discussion is the intrinsic pathway, which utilizes the mitochondria as an essential intermediary. Mitochondria’s primary function in relation to this pathway is the subsequent release of pro-apoptotic factors including cytochrome c, which activate a caspase cascade leading to the death of the cell. Cytochrome c is released partly due to an increase in cytosolic calcium levels. Two methods of the release of cytochrome c have been proposed. The ...