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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Dioxin Exposure And Age Of Pubertal Onset Among Russian Boys, Susan A. Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Paige L. Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Donald G. Patterson, Wayman E. Turner, Larry L. Needham, Larisa Altshul, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Dioxin Exposure And Age Of Pubertal Onset Among Russian Boys, Susan A. Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Paige L. Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Jane S. Burns, Donald G. Patterson, Wayman E. Turner, Larry L. Needham, Larisa Altshul, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

Background: Animal data demonstrate associations of dioxin, furan, and PCB exposures with altered male gonadal maturation. It is unclear whether these associations apply to human populations. Objectives: We investigated the association of dioxins, furans, PCBs and corresponding toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentrations with pubertal onset among boys in a dioxin-contaminated region. Methods: Between 2003-2005, 489 boys were enrolled at ages 8-9 years in a longitudinal study in Chapaevsk, Russia. Pubertal onset - stages 2 or higher for genitalia (G2+) or testicular volume (TV) > 3 ml - was assessed annually between ages 8-12 years. Serum levels at enrollment were analyzed by the Centers for ...


Temporal Trends In Serum Concentrations Of Polychlorinated Dioxins, Furans, And Pcbs Among Adult Women Living In Chapaevsk, Russia: A Longitudinal Study From 2000 To 2009, Olivier Humblet, Oleg Sergeyev, Larisa Altshul, Susan A. Korrick, Paige L. Williams, Claude Emond, Linda S. Birnbaum, Jane S. Burns, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Andrey Shelepchikov, Denis Feshin, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Temporal Trends In Serum Concentrations Of Polychlorinated Dioxins, Furans, And Pcbs Among Adult Women Living In Chapaevsk, Russia: A Longitudinal Study From 2000 To 2009, Olivier Humblet, Oleg Sergeyev, Larisa Altshul, Susan A. Korrick, Paige L. Williams, Claude Emond, Linda S. Birnbaum, Jane S. Burns, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Andrey Shelepchikov, Denis Feshin, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: The present study assessed the temporal trend in serum concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans, and biphenyls (PCBs) among residents of a Russian town where levels of these chemicals are elevated due to prior industrial activity.

METHODS: Two serum samples were collected from eight adult women (in 2000 and 2009), and analyzed with gas chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry.

RESULTS: The average total toxic equivalency (TEQ) decreased by 30% (from 36 to 25 pg/g lipid), and the average sum of PCB congeners decreased by 19% (from 291 to 211 ng/g lipid). Total TEQs decreased for seven of the eight women ...


Predictors Of Serum Dioxins And Pcbs Among Peripubertal Russian Boys, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Donald G. Patterson, Wayman E. Turner, Larry L. Needham, Igor Saharov, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Predictors Of Serum Dioxins And Pcbs Among Peripubertal Russian Boys, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Donald G. Patterson, Wayman E. Turner, Larry L. Needham, Igor Saharov, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Although sources and routes of exposure to dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been studied, information regarding exposure among children is limited. Breast-feeding and diet are two important contributors to early life exposure. To further understand other significant contributors to childhood exposure, we studied a cohort of children from a city with high environmental dioxin levels. OBJECTIVES: We investigated predictors of serum concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs)/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs)/co-planar PCBs (C-PCBs), toxic equivalents (TEQs), and PCBs among 8- to 9-year-old boys in Chapaevsk, Russia. METHODS: We used general linear regression models to explore associations of log(10 ...


Association Of Blood Lead Levels With Onset Of Puberty In Russian Boys, Russ Hauser, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Elana Gitin, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams Sep 2014

Association Of Blood Lead Levels With Onset Of Puberty In Russian Boys, Russ Hauser, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Elana Gitin, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies suggest a temporal trend of earlier onset and longer duration of puberty, raising concerns regarding the potential impact of environmental factors on pubertal development. Lead exposure has been associated with delayed pubertal onset in girls; however, epidemiologic data in boys are limited. METHODS: We used multivariable logistic regression models to explore the cross-sectional association of blood lead levels with growth and pubertal onset based on physician-assessed testicular volume (TV) and pubertal staging in 489 boys 8-9 years of age from Chapaevsk, Russia. We used multivariable linear regression models to assess associations of blood lead levels with somatic ...


Predictors Of Serum Dioxin Levels Among Adolescent Boys In Chapaevsk, Russia: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study, Russ Hauser, Paige L. Williams, Larisa Altshul, Susan Korrick, Lynne Peeples, Donald G. Patterson Jr., Wayman E. Turner, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Oleg Sergeyev Sep 2014

Predictors Of Serum Dioxin Levels Among Adolescent Boys In Chapaevsk, Russia: A Cross-Sectional Pilot Study, Russ Hauser, Paige L. Williams, Larisa Altshul, Susan Korrick, Lynne Peeples, Donald G. Patterson Jr., Wayman E. Turner, Mary M. Lee, Boris Revich, Oleg Sergeyev

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Toxicological studies and limited human studies have demonstrated associations between exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and adverse developmental and reproductive health effects. Given that children may be particularly susceptible to reproductive and developmental effects of organochlorines, and the paucity of information available regarding childhood exposures to dioxins in particular, we undertook a pilot study to describe the distribution of, and identify potential predictors of exposure to, dioxin-like compounds and dioxins among adolescent boys in Chapaevsk, Russia. The pilot study was also designed to guide the development of a large prospective cohort study ...