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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 165

Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Higher-Order Unfolding Of Peri/Centric Satellite Heterochromatin Is An Early And Consistent Event In Cell Senescence: A Dissertation, Eric C. Swanson Dec 2014

Higher-Order Unfolding Of Peri/Centric Satellite Heterochromatin Is An Early And Consistent Event In Cell Senescence: A Dissertation, Eric C. Swanson

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Cellular senescence is thought to play an essential role in many biological functions including tumor suppression and organismal aging. Senescent cells, which are permanently removed from the cell cycle, can be found both in vivo in many different tissue types and in vitro within cultures of non-immortalized cells. Despite their inability to proliferate, these cells persist and remain metabolically active for indefinite periods of time. This physiologic process occurs in response to a variety of cellular insults including oxidative stress, shortened telomeres, constitutive oncogene expression, and DNA damage, and can be initiated by upregulation of one of the two known ...


Role Of Integrin-Linked Kinase In Epidermal Integrity And Barrier Function, Samar Sayedyahossein Dec 2014

Role Of Integrin-Linked Kinase In Epidermal Integrity And Barrier Function, Samar Sayedyahossein

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a β integrin adaptor protein that translates extracellular stimuli to intracellular signaling events. ILK plays a role in actin cytoskeleton dynamics and cell adhesion. The structure and function of the epidermis is highly dependent on cell-cell adhesion and cell-basement membrane interactions. The mechanisms whereby ILK contributes to epidermal integrity are poorly understood. Using a mouse model of epidermis-restricted Ilk gene inactivation, I observed that ILK loss causes abnormal morphology and presence of intra-epidermal and epidermal-dermal microblisters in embryos as early as E17.5. ILK-deficient epidermis is also characterized by abnormal localization or/and absence of adherens ...


Understanding The Meiotic Roles Of Sisters Unbound In Drosophila Melanogaster, Badri Krishnan Dec 2014

Understanding The Meiotic Roles Of Sisters Unbound In Drosophila Melanogaster, Badri Krishnan

Doctoral Dissertations

During meiosis, cohesin is required for sister chromatid cohesion and for formation of chromosome cores. Multiple processes including chromosome segregation, recombination and synaptonemal complex (SC) are dependent on cohesin. Cohesin complex consists of two SMC subunits- SMC1, SMC3 and two non-SMC subunits RAD21/REC8 in meiosis and SA. But in Drosophila, non-SMC subunits have not been shown to be required for cohesion. We have identified a gene sisters unbound, which along with previously identified ord and solo, form a group of three genes (sos) which do not have any sequence similarity to cohesins but performs functions demonstrated by cohesins.

Proper ...


Lkb1 Deficient Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Are Vulnerable To Energy Stress Induced By Atp Depletion, Chao Yang Dec 2014

Lkb1 Deficient Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cells Are Vulnerable To Energy Stress Induced By Atp Depletion, Chao Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Lung cancer is the second most frequent cancer in United States, which represents about 13.5% of new cancer cases every year. It accounts for about 27.2% of all cancer related deaths, which is more than the sum of deaths caused by prancretic, breast and colorectal. On average, only about 16% of lung cancer patients survive beyond 5 years. LKB1 is the third most mutated gene in lung cancer. It has been shown that LKB1 is mutated in at least 15% to 30% of NSCLC. Tumor with LKB1 mutation is associated with poor differentiation, high metastasis and worse response ...


The Role Of Nag-1 In Tumorigenesis, Kyung-Won Min Dec 2014

The Role Of Nag-1 In Tumorigenesis, Kyung-Won Min

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation explores the nature of a divergent member of the Transforming Growth Factor-β [beta] superfamily, the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs activated gene (NAG-1), as it relates to its regulation and biological activity in cancer context. Our lab has extensively studied on the molecular mechanism by which phytochemicals and NSAIDs induce apoptosis correlation with NAG-1 expression in human colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Significant data from in vitro studies suggest that NAG-1 has an anti-tumorigenic activity which elicits apoptosis in a cyclooxygenase (COX)-independent manner in CRC cells. Indeed, NAG-1 transgenic mice developed less aberrant polyp foci (APC) compared to those of ...


Reverse Genetics Approach To Examine Myosin Xi Functions In Pollen Tube Growth, Stephanie Lin Madison Dec 2014

Reverse Genetics Approach To Examine Myosin Xi Functions In Pollen Tube Growth, Stephanie Lin Madison

Doctoral Dissertations

Pollen tube growth is an essential aspect of plant reproduction because it is the mechanism through which non-motile sperm cells are delivered to ovules thus allowing fertilization to occur. A pollen tube is a single cell that only grows at the tip, and this tip growth depends on actin filaments. Plants encode class VIII and class XI myosins as actin-based motor proteins, of which class XI myosins are required for cell expansion in vegetative tissues.

In Arabidopsis thaliana, 6 of 13 myosin XI genes are expressed in pollen: XIA, XIB, XIC, XID, XIE, and XIJ. Initially, two artificial microRNA constructs ...


The Role Of Stem Cells In Adipose Tissue Remodeling., Candice Reshay Holden 1988- Dec 2014

The Role Of Stem Cells In Adipose Tissue Remodeling., Candice Reshay Holden 1988-

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The work presented in this dissertation outlines the role of stem cells in the remodeling of adipose tissue under conditions of nutrient excess. Obesity-induced variations in adipose tissue stem cell distribution were uncovered by analysis of the stromal vascular fraction isolated from mice fed a high fat diet for several weeks. Bone marrow cell transplantation was used to determine the derivation of progenitor cells found in adipose tissue; and supplementation of depleted progenitor cell populations achieved via direct cell transplantation, helped to determine the contribution of these progenitor cells to the remodeling process. The dissertation is presented in five chapters ...


Characterization Of Histidine Decarboxylase In Drosophila Using An Internal Flag Epitope, Maxwell Mianecki Dec 2014

Characterization Of Histidine Decarboxylase In Drosophila Using An Internal Flag Epitope, Maxwell Mianecki

Masters Theses

Histamine is a neurotransmitter in arthropods and is responsible for synaptic transmission in vision, mechanosensation, temperature sensing and sleep cycle in Drosophila. Histamine is synthesized by the enzyme histidine decarboxylase (HDC). While histamine is detectable within tissues using current immunofluorescent labeling techniques, immunological approaches have not been successful for HDC itself, with both direct antibodies and terminal epitope tags determined to be ineffective. In order to avoid loss of the epitope tag through putative N-­‐ and C-­‐terminal proteolytic cleavage, known to occur for HDC in other organisms, an internal epitope tag that does not disrupt enzyme function was utilized ...


Traf2 Phosphorylation Regulates Cd40 Signaling To Facilitate B-Cell Lymphoma Progression, Lauren Michelle Workman Dec 2014

Traf2 Phosphorylation Regulates Cd40 Signaling To Facilitate B-Cell Lymphoma Progression, Lauren Michelle Workman

Theses and Dissertations

CD40 is a TNF-Receptor (TNFR) superfamily member that functions to promote several facets of the humoral immune response--including B cell proliferation, differentiation, antibody isotype switching, and cytokine expression. TNFR superfamily members lack intrinsic kinase activity and must recruit members of the TNFR-associated factor (TRAF) family of adaptor proteins to connect the receptor to intracellular signaling pathways. CD40-mediated JNK and NF-κB activation is critical for an intact humoral immune response; however, the precise mechanisms governing the spatiotemporal activation of these pathways are not completely understood.

In this study we report that CD40 ligation results in the dual phosphorylation of TRAF2 on ...


The Role Of Neuronal Mtorc1 Signaling In The Regulation Of Physiological Processes, Kenjiro Muta Dec 2014

The Role Of Neuronal Mtorc1 Signaling In The Regulation Of Physiological Processes, Kenjiro Muta

Theses and Dissertations

The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) is an evolutionary conserved serine/threonine kinase regulating diverse cellular functions, including cell growth, protein synthesis and sensing nutrients and energy status. Prior studies have identified the involvement of hypothalamic mTORC1 in the control of energy balance, renal sympathetic activation and blood pressure regulation.

Hypothalamic insulin receptor signaling through the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is known to regulate energy homeostasis and sympathetic nerve activity (SNA). We examined the role of hypothalamic mTORC1 in the anorectic and sympathetic effects of central insulin. mTORC1 inhibition by rapamycin or PI3K mutation resulted in blunted regional SNA ...


Molecular And Cellular Basis Of Hematopoietic Stem Cells Maintenance And Differentiation, Khanh Linh Duong Dec 2014

Molecular And Cellular Basis Of Hematopoietic Stem Cells Maintenance And Differentiation, Khanh Linh Duong

Theses and Dissertations

The blood system consists of two main lineages: myeloid and lymphoid. The myeloid system consists of cells that are part of the innate immune response while the lymphoid system consist of cells that are part of humoral response. These responses protect our bodies from foreign pathogens. Thus, malignancies in these systems often cause complications and mortality. Scientists world wide have been researching alternatives to treat hematologic disorders and have explored induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and the conversion of one cell type to another.

First, iPS cells were generated by overexpression of four transcription factors: Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 an cMyc ...


Arsenic Targets Neural Plate Border Specifier Cells In P19 Cells, Christopher Mccoy Dec 2014

Arsenic Targets Neural Plate Border Specifier Cells In P19 Cells, Christopher Mccoy

All Theses

Epidemiological studies have shown that arsenic exposure during early embryogenesis can cause reduced weight gain and neurological deficits later on in life. In addition, in vitro and in vivo studies have indicated that arsenic suppresses neurogenesis and myogenesis. The exact mechanism of how arsenic causes these undesired developmental outcomes is poorly understood, however both skeletal muscle and sensory neuron development require the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway to initiate the specific differentiation of precursor cells. We were interested in determining the target cell population of arsenic and its metabolites. Arsenic's metabolites were of interest because they have been shown to ...


Manipulation Of The Innate Immune Response And Evasion Of Macrophage Host Defense Mechanisms By Francisella Tularensis, Matthew Eugene Long Dec 2014

Manipulation Of The Innate Immune Response And Evasion Of Macrophage Host Defense Mechanisms By Francisella Tularensis, Matthew Eugene Long

Theses and Dissertations

Tularemia is a potentially fatally illness caused by the facultative intracellular Gram-negative bacterium Francisella tularensis. Virulent strains of F. tularensis can cause a fatal disease after inhalation of a few as ten organisms. Due to the highly pathogenic features of Francisella, it has been designated as a Tier 1 select agent, meaning that its possession and handling is highly restricted. Macrophages are phagocytes that play a central role in the innate immune response to infection that can be used by certain pathogens, including Francisella, as a niche for bacterial replication and dissemination during infection. After infection of macrophages Francisella escapes ...


P120-Catenin Regulates Rest And Corest, And Modulates Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation, Moonsup Lee Dec 2014

P120-Catenin Regulates Rest And Corest, And Modulates Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation, Moonsup Lee

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The canonical-Wnt pathway and beta-catenin have been extensively studied to determine their contributions to stem cell biology, but less is known about p120-catenin in the nuclear compartment. P120 is developmentally required as a consequence of its biochemical and functional interactions with cadherins, small-GTPases and transcriptional regulators. We report here that p120-catenin binds to and negatively regulates REST and CoREST, that others have indicated form a repressive complex having diverse key roles in developmental and pathologic gene regulation. We thus provide the first evidence for a direct upstream modulator of REST/CoREST function. Using mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), mammalian cell ...


Novel Posttranslational Modification In Lkb1 Activation And Function, Szu-Wei Lee Dec 2014

Novel Posttranslational Modification In Lkb1 Activation And Function, Szu-Wei Lee

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cancer cells display dramatic alterations in cellular metabolism to meet their needs of increased growth and proliferation. In the last decade, cancer research has brought these pathways into focus, and one emerging issue that has come to attention is that many oncogenes and tumor-suppressors are intimately linked to metabolic regulation (Jones and Thompson, 2009). One of the key tumor-suppressors involved in metabolism is Liver Kinase B1 (LKB1). LKB1 is the major upstream kinase of the evolutionarily conserved metabolic sensor—AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Activation of the LKB1/AMPK pathway provides a survival advantage for cells under energy stress. LKB1 forms ...


Mdm2-Mediated Degradation Of Sirt6 Phosphorylated By Akt1 Promotes Tumorigenesis And Trastuzumab Resistance In Breast Cancer, Umadevi Thirumurthi Dec 2014

Mdm2-Mediated Degradation Of Sirt6 Phosphorylated By Akt1 Promotes Tumorigenesis And Trastuzumab Resistance In Breast Cancer, Umadevi Thirumurthi

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Sirtuin6 (SIRT6) is one of the members of the Sirtuin family and functions as a longevity assurance gene by promoting genomic stability. It also regulates various cancer-associated pathways and was recently established as a bonafide tumor suppressor in colon cancer. This suggests that SIRT6 is an attractive target for pharmacological activation in cancer treatment, and hence, identification of potential regulators of SIRT6 would be an important and critical contribution towards cancer treatment. Here, we show that AKT1 phosphorylates SIRT6 at Ser338 and induces MDM2-SIRT6 interaction, priming SIRT6 for degradation via the MDM2-dependent ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Blocking SIRT6 Ser338 phosphorylation ...


The Role Of Aim2 And Nlrp12 In The Innate Immune Response To Francisella Tularensis, Tyler Kent Ulland Dec 2014

The Role Of Aim2 And Nlrp12 In The Innate Immune Response To Francisella Tularensis, Tyler Kent Ulland

Theses and Dissertations

The innate immune response to pathogens by the host is dependent upon the interplay of both pathogen and host intrinsic factors. Nucleotide-binding domain leucine-rich repeat containing (NLR) and pyrin and HIN200 domain containing (PYHIN) proteins are intracellular sensors of damage-associated and pathogen-associated molecular patterns. The studies presented here focus on the PYHIN molecule, AIM2, and the NLR, NLRP12, and the importance of bacteria- and host-associated proteins in the coordination of the innate immune response to the Gram-negative pathogen Fracisella tularensis. We have found that several genes expressed by F. tularensis encode for proteins that, when disrupted, cause the bacteria to ...


Investigation Of Nuclear And Cytoplasmic Functions Of The Dlipin Protein Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Qiuyu Chen Dec 2014

Investigation Of Nuclear And Cytoplasmic Functions Of The Dlipin Protein Of Drosophila Melanogaster, Qiuyu Chen

Theses and Dissertations

Lipin family proteins are highly conserved proteins present in species ranging from mammals to yeast. Lipin 1, the first Lipin gene identified in fatty liver dystrophy (fld) mutant mice, encodes the bifunctional protein Lipin 1, which can serve as an Mg2+-dependent phosphatidic acid phosphatase (PAP) and transcriptional co-regulator. dLipin, the single Lipin ortholog of Drosophila melanogaster, is required in triglyceride synthesis and fat body development. To study the transcriptional co-regulator activity of dLipin, nuclear receptors were screened to find receptors that interact with dLipin. The genetic interaction data indicated that Drosophila hepatic nuclear receptor 4 (HNF4) was a promising ...


Effect Of Α-Synuclein Overexpression On Presynaptic Terminals Of C. Elegans, Christian Silvestri Nov 2014

Effect Of Α-Synuclein Overexpression On Presynaptic Terminals Of C. Elegans, Christian Silvestri

Senior Theses

Parkinson's disease is a non-treatable neurological disorder that can lead to an inability to control one’s own muscles, causing rigidness and lack of movement. α-Synuclein is a protein that has been found in aggregate forms in PD patients and seems to bind to synaptic vesicle membranes and aid in vesicle transporting. This research focuses on the effect that over-expressed forms of α-synuclein have on presynaptic terminals of C. elegans. To examine this relationship we constructed transgenic animals expressing α-synuclein throughout the nervous system of wild type C. elegans. The α-synuclein strain had disruption of the puncta along the ...


Amphiphilic Degradable Polymer/Hydroxyapatite Composites As Smart Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds: A Dissertation, Artem B. Kutikov Nov 2014

Amphiphilic Degradable Polymer/Hydroxyapatite Composites As Smart Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds: A Dissertation, Artem B. Kutikov

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Over 600,000 bone-grafting operations are performed each year in the United States. The majority of the bone used for these surgeries comes from autografts that are limited in quantity or allografts with high failure rates. Current synthetic bone grafting materials have poor mechanical properties, handling characteristics, and bioactivity. The goal of this dissertation was to develop a clinically translatable bone tissue engineering scaffold with improved handling characteristics, bioactivity, and smart delivery modalities. We hypothesized that this could be achieved through the rational selection of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved materials that blend favorably with hydroxyapatite (HA), the principle ...


Neural Stem Cells As A Model To Study Huntington’S Disease, Rawan Bakhsh Nov 2014

Neural Stem Cells As A Model To Study Huntington’S Disease, Rawan Bakhsh

Graduate Master's Theses, Capstones, and Culminating Projects

Huntington’s disease (HD) is a heritable neurodegenerative disorder that affects muscle coordination and diminishes cognitive abilities, by affecting the medium spiny neurons in the brain. In HD patients, neurons are damaged and destroyed because of the toxicity of the mutant Huntington protein (mHtt). The mechanism of how mHtt protein affects the neurons is unknown. In this study we explored the effects of mHtt expression by looking at changes in huntingtin localization, changes in the expression and co-localization of related proteins and differences in cell morphology. We examine how this expression affects the cytoskeletal structures using neural stem cells Q7 ...


Regulation Of Cdk1 Activity During The G1/S Transition In S. Cerevisiae Through Specific Cyclin-Substrate Docking: A Dissertation, Samyabrata Bhaduri Oct 2014

Regulation Of Cdk1 Activity During The G1/S Transition In S. Cerevisiae Through Specific Cyclin-Substrate Docking: A Dissertation, Samyabrata Bhaduri

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Several cell cycle events require specific forms of the cyclin-CDK complexes. It has been known for some time that cyclins not only contribute by activating the CDK but also by choosing substrates and/or specifying the location of the CDK holoenzyme. There are several examples of B-type cyclins identifying certain peptide motifs in their specific substrates through a conserved region in their structure. Such interactions were not known for the G1 class of cyclins, which are instrumental in helping the cell decide whether or not to commit to a new cell cycle, a function that is non-redundant with B-type cylins ...


Genetic Analysis Of Ton2 Dependent Processes In Microtubule Organization In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Samantha Nicole Atkinson Oct 2014

Genetic Analysis Of Ton2 Dependent Processes In Microtubule Organization In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Samantha Nicole Atkinson

Theses and Dissertations

Microtubules carry out many functions within the cell. They're used during mitosis and meiosis to move chromosomes to opposite sides of the cell so that cell division can occur. They're also used as structural support for the cell and are involved in establishing the cell shape. Microtubules are also able to reorient from a longitudinal orientation to a transverse orientation in response to gibberellic acid and auxin (two hormones that are involved in cell elongation). The mechanism for how this reorientation occurs is unknown. The TONNEAU2 (TON2) protein is necessary for proper microtubule organization. We looked at how ...


Associated Behavioral, Genetic, And Gene Expression Variation With Alternative Life History Tactics In Salmonid Fishes, Ashley Chin-Baarstad Oct 2014

Associated Behavioral, Genetic, And Gene Expression Variation With Alternative Life History Tactics In Salmonid Fishes, Ashley Chin-Baarstad

Open Access Dissertations

Individual differences in behavior can have potential fitness consequences and often reflect underlying genetic variation. My research focuses on three objectives related to individual level variation: 1) evaluating the innate behavioral variation within and between individuals, families, and progeny of different life-history types across time; 2) testing for differences in gene expression within the brain associated with this behavioral variation; and 3) using genetic polymorphisms to test for associations with ecotype, as well as population structure, in polymorphic populations. First, we evaluated the variation in a suite of ecologically relevant behaviors across time in juvenile progeny produced from crosses within ...


Modulation Of Host Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates By Salmonella Effector Protein Sopb, Heather L. Piscatelli Oct 2014

Modulation Of Host Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates By Salmonella Effector Protein Sopb, Heather L. Piscatelli

Open Access Dissertations

Salmonella spp. are gram negative bacteria capable of infecting a number of eukaryotic hosts. In humans, Salmonella infection can range anywhere from acute gastroenteritis to typhoid fever which can oftentimes be fatal.Salmonella are facultative intracellular pathogens that have acquired the ability to enter non-phagocytic cells such as those lining the intestinal epithelium. Uptake into epithelial cells is mediated by the Salmonellapathogenicity island 1 (SPI1) encoded type III secretion system (T3SS), a needle-like complex composed of over 20 proteins that translocates effector proteins directly into the host cell cytosol. Salmonella possess a second type III secretion system encoded on ...


Intranuclear Strain Measured By Iterative Warping In Cells Under Mechanical And Osmotic Stress, Jonathan T Henderson Oct 2014

Intranuclear Strain Measured By Iterative Warping In Cells Under Mechanical And Osmotic Stress, Jonathan T Henderson

Open Access Dissertations

The nucleus is a membrane bound organelle and regulation center for gene expression in the cell. Mechanical forces transfer to the nucleus directly and indirectly through specific cellular cytoskeletal structures and pathways. There is increasing evidence that the transferred forces to the nucleus orchestrate gene expression activity. Methods to characterize nuclear mechanics typically study isolated cells or cells embedded in 3D gel matrices. Often report only aspect ratio and volume changes, measures that oversimplify the inherent complexity of internal strain patterns. This presents technical challenges to simultaneously observe small scale nuclear mechanics and gene expression levels inside the nuclei of ...


Small Rnas And Argonautes Provide A Paternal Epigenetic Memory Of Germline Gene Expression To Promote Thermotolerant Male Fertility: A Dissertation, Colin C. Conine Sep 2014

Small Rnas And Argonautes Provide A Paternal Epigenetic Memory Of Germline Gene Expression To Promote Thermotolerant Male Fertility: A Dissertation, Colin C. Conine

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

During each life cycle, gametes must preserve and pass on both genetic and epigenetic information, making the germline both immortal and totipotent. In the male germline the dramatic morphological transformation of a germ cell through meiosis, into a sperm competent for fertilization, while retaining this information is an incredible example of cellular differentiation. This process of spermatogenesis is inherently thermosensitive in numerous metazoa ranging from worms to man. Here, I describe the role of two redundant AGO-class paralogs, ALG-3/4, and their small RNA cofactors, in promoting thermotolerant male fertility in Caenorhabditis elegans. alg-3/4 double mutants exhibit temperature dependent ...


A Rhog/Ilk/Elmo2/Rac1 Pathways Modulates Microtubule Stability, Bradley C. Jackson Sep 2014

A Rhog/Ilk/Elmo2/Rac1 Pathways Modulates Microtubule Stability, Bradley C. Jackson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a widely expressed scaffold protein important for cell adhesion, migration, and phagocytosis. ILK and its interacting partner, engulfment and cell motility protein 2 (ELMO2), may also modulate microtubule dynamics. Here, I show that sustained microtubule growth and acetylated tubulin levels are reduced in the absence of ILK and, conversely, that exogenous ILK exerts a stabilizing effect on microtubules. Further, exogenous ELMO2, ras homology growth related protein (RHOG) and ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (RAC1) stabilize microtubules in an ILK-dependent manner. Potential downstream effectors of the effect of ILK on microtubule stability include glycogen synthase kinase- ...


Role And Regulation Of Snon/Skil And Plscr1 Located At 3q26.2 And 3q23, Respectively, In Ovarian Cancer Pathophysiology, Madhav Karthik Kodigepalli Sep 2014

Role And Regulation Of Snon/Skil And Plscr1 Located At 3q26.2 And 3q23, Respectively, In Ovarian Cancer Pathophysiology, Madhav Karthik Kodigepalli

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ovarian cancer is one of the most common causes of gynecological cancer related deaths in women. In 2014, the estimated number of deaths due to ovarian cancer is 14,270 with occurrence of over 22, 240 new cases (National Cancer Institute, http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/ovary.html). Despite improvement in treatment strategies, the 5-year survival rate is still below 50% mainly due to chemoresistance and relapse. Amplification of chromosomal region 3q26 is a common characteristic in various epithelial cancers including ovarian cancer. This region harbors various oncogenes including the TGFβ signaling mediators EVI1 and SnoN/SkiL, PKCι and ...


Characterization Of Ca2+ Influx Pathway(S) During Mouse Oocyte Maturation, Banyoon Cheon Sep 2014

Characterization Of Ca2+ Influx Pathway(S) During Mouse Oocyte Maturation, Banyoon Cheon

Doctoral Dissertations

Ca2+ signaling induced at fertilization, also known as oscillations, is essential in mammalian eggs to initiate early embryonic development. The generation of the oscillations relies on optimization of Ca2+ toolkit components during oocyte maturation. In this dissertation, we intend to deepen our understanding of how this differentiation of the Ca2+ toolkit, especially those components associated with Ca2+ influx, is achieved during maturation, and how it contributes to the filling of the ER Ca2+ store during the maturation and fertilization.

We first identified the expression and characterized the function of the components of the Store Operated ...