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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Exosome-Mediated Delivery Of Rna Interference And Mirna Mimic, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala, Terence N. Bukong, Gyongyi Szabo Nov 2014

Exosome-Mediated Delivery Of Rna Interference And Mirna Mimic, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala, Terence N. Bukong, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Exosomes, membranous nanovesicles, naturally carry bio-macromolecules and play pivotal roles in both physiological intercellular crosstalk and disease pathogenesis. Here, we showed that B cell-derived exosomes can function as vehicles to deliver exogenous miRNA-155 mimic or inhibitor into hepatocytes or macrophages, respectively. Stimulation of B cells significantly increased exosome production. Unlike in parental cells, baseline level of miRNA-155 was very low in exosomes derived from stimulated B cells. Exosomes loaded with a miRNA-155 mimic significantly increased miRNA-155 levels in primary mouse hepatocytes and the liver of miRNA-155 knockout mice. Treatment of RAW macrophages with miRNA-155 inhibitor loaded exosomes resulted in statistically ...


Measurements Of Serum Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In The Evaluation Of Children With Nonpalpable Gonads, Mary M. Lee, Patricia K. Donahoe, B. L. Silverman, T. Hasegawa, Yasuhiro Hasegawa, M. L. Gustafson, Y. C. Chang, David T. Maclaughlin Sep 2014

Measurements Of Serum Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In The Evaluation Of Children With Nonpalpable Gonads, Mary M. Lee, Patricia K. Donahoe, B. L. Silverman, T. Hasegawa, Yasuhiro Hasegawa, M. L. Gustafson, Y. C. Chang, David T. Maclaughlin

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Mullerian inhibiting substance, produced constitutively by the prepubertal testes, promotes involution of the mullerian ducts during normal male sexual differentiation. In children with virilization and nonpalpable gonads, only those with testicular tissue should have detectable serum concentrations of mullerian inhibiting substance. METHODS: We measured serum mullerian inhibiting substance in 65 children with virilization at birth and nonpalpable gonads (age at diagnosis, 2 days to 11 years) and serum testosterone in 54 of them either after the administration of human chorionic gonadotropin or during the physiologic rise in testosterone that occurs in normal infants. RESULTS: The mean (+/-SD) serum mullerian ...