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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Role Of Stat3 In Keratinocyte Stem Cells During Skin Tumorigenesis, Dharanija Rao Aug 2012

Role Of Stat3 In Keratinocyte Stem Cells During Skin Tumorigenesis, Dharanija Rao

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

STATs play crucial roles in a wide variety of biological functions, including development, proliferation, differentiation, migration and in cancer development. In the present study, we examined the impact of Stat3 deletion or activation on behavior of keratinocytes, including keratinocyte stem cells (KSCs). Deletion of Stat3 specifically in the bulge region of the hair follicle using K15.CrePR1 X Stat3fl/fl mice led to decreased tumor development by altering survival of bulge region KSCs. To further understand the role of KSCs in skin tumorigenesis, K5.Stat3C transgenic (Tg) mice which express a constitutively active/dimerized form of Stat3 called Stat3C ...


Hdac3 Is A Critical Regulator Of Neural Crest Progenitor Cell Biology, Nikhil Singh Jan 2012

Hdac3 Is A Critical Regulator Of Neural Crest Progenitor Cell Biology, Nikhil Singh

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Vertebrate embryogenesis relies on the coordinated development of multiple progenitor cell pools. Specific transcriptional programs regulate the specification, expansion, migration and eventual differentiation of these progenitor cell populations, and tight control of these programs is essential for normal development to occur. Class I histone deacetylases (Hdacs), including Hdac3, play critical roles in regulating gene transcription, through both epigenetic and non-epigenetic means. In this dissertation, I use mouse genetics to explore the previously undescribed role of Hdac3 in regulating neural crest progenitor cell behavior. By genetically deleting Hdac3 in premigratory neural crest cells, I use in vivo and ex vivo techniques ...


Development Of A High Throughput Assay To Optimize Hematopoietic Differentiation Of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells, Joel Thomas Outten Jan 2012

Development Of A High Throughput Assay To Optimize Hematopoietic Differentiation Of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells, Joel Thomas Outten

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) offer the potential to develop in vitro protocols for the generation of any human somatic cell. In order for protocols to allow for both comprehension of underlying developmental mechanics and future clinical application, they will need to rely upon efficient differentiation of cells without the reliance upon animal-derived components. This thesis presents the development of a 96-well plate culture system that allows 4-color, flow cytometry based high throughput screening of defined, serum-free hESC differentiation conditions. In the first portion, broad applicability is proven by demonstrating highly efficient differentiation toward the three primary germ layers. Using ...


A Proposal To Test The Effects Of Factor Ecat1 On Pluripotency, From Reprogramming To Differentiation Of Human Somatic Cells, Vritti R. Goel Jan 2012

A Proposal To Test The Effects Of Factor Ecat1 On Pluripotency, From Reprogramming To Differentiation Of Human Somatic Cells, Vritti R. Goel

CMC Senior Theses

The field of stem cell research has been growing more because of the interest in using stem cells to cure diseases and heal injuries. Human embryonic stem cells, because of the controversy surrounding them—and subsequently the difficulties in acquiring samples of the existing aging cell lines—can only be used in limited capacities. While the development of induced pluripotent stem cells in the last decade has allowed the field to progress closer to medical treatments, the low efficiency of reprogramming a somatic cell to a pluripotent state, and the vast molecular and genomic differences between human embryonic stem cells ...