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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Stationary Phase Mutagenesis In Bacillus Subtilisis Independent Of Genome Replication, Mark Upchurch, Holly Martin, Eduardo Robleto Apr 2011

Stationary Phase Mutagenesis In Bacillus Subtilisis Independent Of Genome Replication, Mark Upchurch, Holly Martin, Eduardo Robleto

Festival of Communities: UG Symposium (Posters)

Stationary phase mutagenesis is defined as cellular mechanisms that produce genetic diversity in cells experiencing conditions of stress. These processes are associated with many biological phenomena, including those that produce the formation of cancers in animal cells and other degenerative diseases. Also, these mechanisms are associated with the accumulation of beneficial mutations in bacteria, but follow stochastic processes and are controlled by genetic factors. The current models explaining the generation of stress-induced mutations are predicated on the formation of DNA replication intermediates that are formed during the repair of damaged DNA or during DNA replication and transcription encounters. Here we ...


Stationary Phase Mutagenesis In Bacillus Subtilis: The Interaction Between Transcription And Error-Prone Replication In Conditions Of Stress, Mary Girard, Eduardo Robleto Aug 2009

Stationary Phase Mutagenesis In Bacillus Subtilis: The Interaction Between Transcription And Error-Prone Replication In Conditions Of Stress, Mary Girard, Eduardo Robleto

Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP)

While under conditions of stress, non-dividing cells may acquire beneficial mutations. This is referred to as stationary phase mutagenesis, or adaptive mutagenesis. Previous research has shown that actively transcribed genes and those under selective pressure are prone to mutations that confer escape from non-dividing conditions. Accordingly, strains lacking transcription factors have shown a drastically lower number of mutations that confer escape while under amino acid starvation than those observed in the wildtype background. Also, error-prone DNA polymerases are known to be active in cells under stress and it has been shown that strains lacking an error-prone DNA polymerase display reduced ...