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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Global Increase In Replication Fork Speed During A P57kip2-Regulated Erythroid Cell Fate Switch, Yung Hwang, Melinda Futran, Daniel Hidalgo, Ramona Pop, Divya Ramalingam Iyer, Ralph Scully, Nicholas R. Rhind, Merav Socolovsky May 2017

Global Increase In Replication Fork Speed During A P57kip2-Regulated Erythroid Cell Fate Switch, Yung Hwang, Melinda Futran, Daniel Hidalgo, Ramona Pop, Divya Ramalingam Iyer, Ralph Scully, Nicholas R. Rhind, Merav Socolovsky

Open Access Articles

Cell cycle regulators are increasingly implicated in cell fate decisions, such as the acquisition or loss of pluripotency and self-renewal potential. The cell cycle mechanisms that regulate these cell fate decisions are largely unknown. We studied an S phase-dependent cell fate switch, in which murine early erythroid progenitors transition in vivo from a self-renewal state into a phase of active erythroid gene transcription and concurrent maturational cell divisions. We found that progenitors are dependent on p57KIP2-mediated slowing of replication forks for self-renewal, a novel function for cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors. The switch to differentiation entails rapid down-regulation of p57KIP2 with a ...


The Nuclear Factor Of Activated T Cells (Nfat) Transcription Factor Nfatp (Nfatc2) Is A Repressor Of Chondrogenesis, Ann M. Ranger, Louis C. Gerstenfeld, Jinxi Wang, Tamiyo Kon, Hyunsu Bae, Ellen M. Gravallese, Melvin J. Glimcher, Laurie H. Glimcher Apr 2015

The Nuclear Factor Of Activated T Cells (Nfat) Transcription Factor Nfatp (Nfatc2) Is A Repressor Of Chondrogenesis, Ann M. Ranger, Louis C. Gerstenfeld, Jinxi Wang, Tamiyo Kon, Hyunsu Bae, Ellen M. Gravallese, Melvin J. Glimcher, Laurie H. Glimcher

Ellen M. Gravallese

Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) transcription factors regulate gene expression in lymphocytes and control cardiac valve formation. Here, we report that NFATp regulates chondrogenesis in the adult animal. In mice lacking NFATp, resident cells in the extraarticular connective tissues spontaneously differentiate to cartilage. These cartilage cells progressively differentiate and the tissue undergoes endochondral ossification, recapitulating the development of endochondral bone. Proliferation of already existing articular cartilage cells also occurs in some older animals. At both sites, neoplastic changes in the cartilage cells occur. Consistent with these data, NFATp expression is regulated in mesenchymal stem cells induced to differentiate ...


A Proposal To Test The Effects Of Factor Ecat1 On Pluripotency, From Reprogramming To Differentiation Of Human Somatic Cells, Vritti R. Goel Jan 2012

A Proposal To Test The Effects Of Factor Ecat1 On Pluripotency, From Reprogramming To Differentiation Of Human Somatic Cells, Vritti R. Goel

CMC Senior Theses

The field of stem cell research has been growing more because of the interest in using stem cells to cure diseases and heal injuries. Human embryonic stem cells, because of the controversy surrounding them—and subsequently the difficulties in acquiring samples of the existing aging cell lines—can only be used in limited capacities. While the development of induced pluripotent stem cells in the last decade has allowed the field to progress closer to medical treatments, the low efficiency of reprogramming a somatic cell to a pluripotent state, and the vast molecular and genomic differences between human embryonic stem cells ...


The Nuclear Factor Of Activated T Cells (Nfat) Transcription Factor Nfatp (Nfatc2) Is A Repressor Of Chondrogenesis, Ann M. Ranger, Louis C. Gerstenfeld, Jinxi Wang, Tamiyo Kon, Hyunsu Bae, Ellen M. Gravallese, Melvin J. Glimcher, Laurie H. Glimcher Jan 2000

The Nuclear Factor Of Activated T Cells (Nfat) Transcription Factor Nfatp (Nfatc2) Is A Repressor Of Chondrogenesis, Ann M. Ranger, Louis C. Gerstenfeld, Jinxi Wang, Tamiyo Kon, Hyunsu Bae, Ellen M. Gravallese, Melvin J. Glimcher, Laurie H. Glimcher

Rheumatology Publications

Nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT) transcription factors regulate gene expression in lymphocytes and control cardiac valve formation. Here, we report that NFATp regulates chondrogenesis in the adult animal. In mice lacking NFATp, resident cells in the extraarticular connective tissues spontaneously differentiate to cartilage. These cartilage cells progressively differentiate and the tissue undergoes endochondral ossification, recapitulating the development of endochondral bone. Proliferation of already existing articular cartilage cells also occurs in some older animals. At both sites, neoplastic changes in the cartilage cells occur. Consistent with these data, NFATp expression is regulated in mesenchymal stem cells induced to differentiate ...