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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Uncovering Dual Roles For Perk Signaling During Experimentally Induced Pancreatitis, Elena Fazio Jun 2012

Uncovering Dual Roles For Perk Signaling During Experimentally Induced Pancreatitis, Elena Fazio

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Pancreatitis is characterized by inappropriate activation of digestive enzyme

precursors, or zymogens, local and systemic inflammation, dysregulation of

cellular calcium (Ca2+), and induction of the unfolded protein response (UPR).

The UPR consists of three distinct pathways all of which are activated during

pancreatitis. However, the molecular roles of each remain unclear. The

protein kinase RNA (PKR)-like ER kinase (PERK) pathway reduces general

protein translation by phosphorylating eIF2!, and is activated within minutes

of initiating pancreatic damage. Microarray analysis carried out by our lab

revealed robust upregulation of the PERK pathways members Activating

Transcription Factor (ATF) 3 and stanniocalcin (STC ...


Identification And Characterization Of The Arabidopsis Homolog Of The Yeast Trex-2 Complex, Gang Tian May 2012

Identification And Characterization Of The Arabidopsis Homolog Of The Yeast Trex-2 Complex, Gang Tian

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) are vital to nuclear-cytoplasmic communication in eukaryotes. The yeast Thp1-Sac3-Cdc31-Sus1 complex, also known as the TREX-2 complex, is anchored to the NPC via the nucleoporin Nup1, and is essential for mRNA export. In this study, the Arabidopsis homolog of the yeast TREX-2 complex was discovered. Physical and functional evidence support the identification of the Arabidopsis orthologs of the yeast Thp1 and Nup1. Of three Sac3 Arabidopsis homologs, two are putative TREX-2 components. Surprisingly, none are required for mRNA export as is the yeast Sac3. Physical association with TREX-2 was observed for the two Cdc31 homologs, but ...