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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Nuclear Localization Of Cpi-17, A Protein Phosphatase-1 Inhibitor Protein, Affects Histone H3 Phosphorylation And Corresponds To Proliferation Of Cancer And Smooth Muscle Cells., Masumi Eto, Jason A Kirkbride, Rishika Chugh, Nana Kofi Karikari, Jee In Kim Apr 2013

Nuclear Localization Of Cpi-17, A Protein Phosphatase-1 Inhibitor Protein, Affects Histone H3 Phosphorylation And Corresponds To Proliferation Of Cancer And Smooth Muscle Cells., Masumi Eto, Jason A Kirkbride, Rishika Chugh, Nana Kofi Karikari, Jee In Kim

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics Faculty Papers

CPI-17 (C-kinase-activated protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) inhibitor, 17kDa) is a cytoplasmic protein predominantly expressed in mature smooth muscle (SM) that regulates the myosin-associated PP1 holoenzyme (MLCP). Here, we show CPI-17 expression in proliferating cells, such as pancreatic cancer and hyperplastic SM cells. Immunofluorescence showed that CPI-17 was concentrated in nuclei of human pancreatic cancer (Panc1) cells. Nuclear accumulation of CPI-17 was also detected in the proliferating vascular SM cell culture and cells at neointima of rat vascular injury model. The N-terminal 21-residue tail domain of CPI-17 was necessary for the nuclear localization. Phospho-mimetic Asp-substitution of CPI-17 at Ser12 attenuated the nuclear ...


Endogenous Inhibitor Proteins That Connect Ser/Thr Kinases And Phosphatases In Cell Signaling., Masumi Eto, David L Brautigan Sep 2012

Endogenous Inhibitor Proteins That Connect Ser/Thr Kinases And Phosphatases In Cell Signaling., Masumi Eto, David L Brautigan

Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics Faculty Papers

Protein phosphatase activity acts as a primary determinant of the extent and duration of phosphorylation of cellular proteins in response to physiological stimuli. Ser/Thr protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) belongs to the PPP superfamily, and is associated with regulatory subunits that confer substrate specificity, allosteric regulation, and subcellular compartmentalization. In addition, all eukaryotic cells contain multiple heat-stable proteins that originally were thought to inhibit phosphatase catalytic subunits released from the regulatory subunits, as a fail-safe mechanism. However, discovery of C-kinase-activated PP1 inhibitor, Mr of 17 kDa (CPI-17) required fresh thinking about the endogenous inhibitors as specific regulators of particular phosphatase complexes ...