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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Comprehensive Investigation Of Bioactive Steroidal Alkaloids In Veratrum Californicum, Matthew West Turner Dec 2019

Comprehensive Investigation Of Bioactive Steroidal Alkaloids In Veratrum Californicum, Matthew West Turner

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Veratrum californicum, commonly referred to as corn lily or Californian false hellebore, grows in high mountain meadows and produces bioactive steroidal alkaloids, including cyclopamine. Cyclopamine is a potent inhibitor of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway. Our lab has optimized methods to extract cyclopamine and related steroidal alkaloids from V. californicum, and implemented in-house Hh signaling bioactivity evaluation of these steroidal alkaloids using a Shh-Light II cell assay. A survey of extraction methods and solvents resulted in the identification of conditions most favorable for alkaloid extraction yield and antagonist activity in the Shh-Light II cell assay. The highest amount of bioactive ...


Sperm Motility In Groups, Julie Simons Oct 2019

Sperm Motility In Groups, Julie Simons

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Development Of Novel Tumor-Targeted Compounds For Boron Neutron Capture Therapy, Micah John Luderer May 2019

Development Of Novel Tumor-Targeted Compounds For Boron Neutron Capture Therapy, Micah John Luderer

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) represents the most common primary brain tumor among adults. Despite surgical resection and aggressive chemoradiotherapy regimens, the current 2- and 5-year survival rates are only 27% and 9.8%, respectively. The low survival stems from the poor response to conventional therapy and underscores the critical need to develop new therapeutic approaches for GBM treatment. The high recurrence rate observed in GBM is in part attributed to the hypoxic (poorly oxygenated) tumor microenvironment. Hypoxic tumor conditions have been shown to increase metastasis, promote angiogenesis, and confer resistance to chemotherapy and radiation.

Hypoxic tissues are inherently radiation resistant due ...


Gamete Nuclear Migration In Animals And Plants, Umma Fatema, Mohammad F. Ali, Zheng Hu, Anthony J. Clark, Tomokazu Kawashima Apr 2019

Gamete Nuclear Migration In Animals And Plants, Umma Fatema, Mohammad F. Ali, Zheng Hu, Anthony J. Clark, Tomokazu Kawashima

Plant and Soil Sciences Faculty Publications

The migration of male and female gamete nuclei to each other in the fertilized egg is a prerequisite for the blending of genetic materials and the initiation of the next generation. Interestingly, many differences have been found in the mechanism of gamete nuclear movement among animals and plants. Female to male gamete nuclear movement in animals and brown algae relies on microtubules. By contrast, in flowering plants, the male gamete nucleus is carried to the female gamete nucleus by the filamentous actin cytoskeleton. As techniques have developed from light, electron, fluorescence, immunofluorescence, and confocal microscopy to live-cell time-lapse imaging using ...


Unified Methods For Feature Selection In Large-Scale Genomic Studies With Censored Survival Outcomes, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan Mar 2019

Unified Methods For Feature Selection In Large-Scale Genomic Studies With Censored Survival Outcomes, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan

COBRA Preprint Series

One of the major goals in large-scale genomic studies is to identify genes with a prognostic impact on time-to-event outcomes which provide insight into the disease's process. With rapid developments in high-throughput genomic technologies in the past two decades, the scientific community is able to monitor the expression levels of tens of thousands of genes and proteins resulting in enormous data sets where the number of genomic features is far greater than the number of subjects. Methods based on univariate Cox regression are often used to select genomic features related to survival outcome; however, the Cox model assumes proportional ...


Development Of Thioamides As Protein Probes, Daniel Miklos Szantai-Kis Jan 2019

Development Of Thioamides As Protein Probes, Daniel Miklos Szantai-Kis

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Thioamides have been used for various applications with small molecules and peptides, including as protease sensors, fluorescence quenching probes, folding probes, and handles for site-specific chemical modification. However, their use in proteins has been limited due to cumbersome incorporation through semi-synthesis, as well as their unknown effects on protein structure. In this work, I address these issues from multiple perspectives. I present improvements for the synthesis of thioamide-containing peptides, which are needed for semi-synthesis. I also investigate the effects that thioamide substitutions have on tertiary structure in a model protein and show that based on thermal denaturation experiments, the position ...