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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Measurement Of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Facilitates Management Of Boys With Microphallus And Cryptorchidism, Madhusmita Misra, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe, Mary Lee Sep 2014

Measurement Of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Facilitates Management Of Boys With Microphallus And Cryptorchidism, Madhusmita Misra, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) is a gonadal hormone expressed in a sexually dimorphic pattern. In males, serum MIS reflects Sertoli cell function and provides an estimate of seminiferous tubular integrity. We examined the role of MIS determination in the evaluation of boys with microphallus (n = 62) and/or cryptorchidism (n = 156). MIS was normal in 69.2% of boys with isolated microphallus compared with 38.1% of boys with microphallus and coexisting cryptorchidism (P < 0.05). In the cryptorchid group, MIS was normal in 46.8%, low in 24.4%, and absent in 28.8%. Normal values for age were ...


Augmented Growth Hormone (Gh) Secretory Burst Frequency And Amplitude Mediate Enhanced Gh Secretion During A Two-Day Fast In Normal Men, Mark Hartman, Johannes Veldhuis, Michael Johnson, Mary Lee, K. Alberti, Eugene Samojlik, Michael Thorner Sep 2014

Augmented Growth Hormone (Gh) Secretory Burst Frequency And Amplitude Mediate Enhanced Gh Secretion During A Two-Day Fast In Normal Men, Mark Hartman, Johannes Veldhuis, Michael Johnson, Mary Lee, K. Alberti, Eugene Samojlik, Michael Thorner

Mary M. Lee

Serum GH concentrations are increased in fasted or malnourished human subjects. We investigated the dynamic mechanisms underlying this phenomenon in nine normal men by analyzing serum GH concentrations measured in blood obtained at 5-min intervals over 24 h on a control (fed) day and on the second day of a fast with a multiple-parameter deconvolution method to simultaneously resolve endogenous GH secretory and clearance rates. Two days of fasting induced a 5-fold increase in the 24-h endogenous GH production rate [78 +/- 12 vs. 371 +/- 57 micrograms/Lv (Lv, liter of distribution volume) or 0.24 +/- 0.038 vs. 1.1 ...


Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In Humans: Normal Levels From Infancy To Adulthood, Mary Lee, Patricia Donahoe, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Bernard Silverman, Gretchen Crist, Sharon Best, Yukihiro Hasegawa, Richard Noto, David Schoenfeld, David Maclaughlin Sep 2014

Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In Humans: Normal Levels From Infancy To Adulthood, Mary Lee, Patricia Donahoe, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Bernard Silverman, Gretchen Crist, Sharon Best, Yukihiro Hasegawa, Richard Noto, David Schoenfeld, David Maclaughlin

Mary M. Lee

Mullerian-inhibiting substance (MIS) is a gonadal hormone synthesized by Sertoli cells of the testis and granulosa cells of the ovary. To facilitate the use of MIS for the evaluation of intersex disorders and as a tumor marker in women with MIS-expressing ovarian tumors, we measured MIS in 600 serum samples from males and females. These data show that mean MIS values for males rise rapidly during the first year of life and are highest during late infancy, then gradually decline until puberty. In contrast, MIS values in females are lowest at birth and exhibit a minimal increase throughout the prepubertal ...


Campylobacter Meningitis In Childhood, Mary Lee, Robert Welliver, Leonard La Scolea Sep 2014

Campylobacter Meningitis In Childhood, Mary Lee, Robert Welliver, Leonard La Scolea

Mary M. Lee

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Serum Dioxin, Furan, And Pcb Concentrations Among Women From Chapaevsk, Russia, Olivier Humblet, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Oleg Sergeyev, Claude Emond, Linda Birnbaum, Jane Burns, Larisa Altshul, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Predictors Of Serum Dioxin, Furan, And Pcb Concentrations Among Women From Chapaevsk, Russia, Olivier Humblet, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Oleg Sergeyev, Claude Emond, Linda Birnbaum, Jane Burns, Larisa Altshul, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

Dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent and bioaccumulative toxic chemicals that are ubiquitous in the environment. We assessed predictors of their serum concentrations among women living in a Russian town contaminated by past industrial activity. Blood samples from 446 mothers aged 23-52 years were collected between 2003-2005 as part of the Russian Children's Study. Serum dioxin, furan, and PCB concentrations were quantified using high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Potential determinants of exposure were collected through interviews. Multivariate linear regression models were used to identify predictors of serum concentrations and toxic equivalencies (TEQs). The median total PCB concentrations and ...


Mentoring Fathers Of Children Newly Diagnosed With T1dm, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai, Carol Bova, Mary Lee, Philip Gruppuso Sep 2014

Mentoring Fathers Of Children Newly Diagnosed With T1dm, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai, Carol Bova, Mary Lee, Philip Gruppuso

Mary M. Lee

PURPOSE: To pilot test a social support intervention for fathers of children (T1DM).

DESIGN AND METHODS: The pilot study was part of a larger randomized, controlled clinical trial. Father participants (28 fathers of children newly diagnosed) were recruited from two pediatric diabetes centers. For 12 months fathers (n = 19) and their spouses in the experimental arm received social support (home visits and phone calls). Control group fathers (n = 9) and their spouses received the phone number of an experienced parent (but not formally educated to provide social support) to call as needed.

RESULTS: Fathers in the intervention group had significantly ...


Alterations In The Pulsatile Mode Of Growth Hormone Release In Men And Women With Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Christopher Asplin, Amilton Faria, Elizabeth Carlsen, Veronica Vaccaro, Richard Barr, Ali Iranmanesh, Mary Lee, Johannes Veldhuis, William Evans Sep 2014

Alterations In The Pulsatile Mode Of Growth Hormone Release In Men And Women With Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Christopher Asplin, Amilton Faria, Elizabeth Carlsen, Veronica Vaccaro, Richard Barr, Ali Iranmanesh, Mary Lee, Johannes Veldhuis, William Evans

Mary M. Lee

The mechanisms responsible for the elevated levels of circulating GH observed in diabetes mellitus (DM) remain incompletely defined. To assess the episodic fluctuations in serum GH as a reflection of hypothalamic-pituitary activity, we accumulated GH concentration-time series in a total of 48 adult men and women with and without insulin-dependent DM by obtaining serum samples at 10-min intervals over 24 h. Significant pulses of GH release were subsequently identified and characterized by an objective, statistically based pulse detection algorithm (Cluster) and fixed circadian (24-h) periodicities of secretory activity, resolved using Fourier expansion timeseries analysis. Compared to those in age-matched controls ...


Hypothyroidism In Down Syndrome: Screening Guidelines And Testing Methodology, Olga Hardy, Gordon Worley, Mary Lee, Shu Chaing, Joanne Mackey, Blythe Crissman, Priya Kishnani Sep 2014

Hypothyroidism In Down Syndrome: Screening Guidelines And Testing Methodology, Olga Hardy, Gordon Worley, Mary Lee, Shu Chaing, Joanne Mackey, Blythe Crissman, Priya Kishnani

Mary M. Lee

No abstract provided.


Mullerian Inhibiting Substance As A Marker For Ovarian Sex-Cord Tumor, Michael Gustafson, Mary Lee, Robert Scully, Ashby Moncure, Toshio Hirakawa, Annekathryn Goodman, Howard Muntz, Patricia Donahoe, David Maclaughlin, Arlan Fuller Sep 2014

Mullerian Inhibiting Substance As A Marker For Ovarian Sex-Cord Tumor, Michael Gustafson, Mary Lee, Robert Scully, Ashby Moncure, Toshio Hirakawa, Annekathryn Goodman, Howard Muntz, Patricia Donahoe, David Maclaughlin, Arlan Fuller

Mary M. Lee

No abstract provided.


Diagnostic Utility Of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Determination In Patients With Primary And Recurrent Granulosa Cell Tumors, Andrew Lane, Mary Lee, Arlan Fuller, David Kehas, Patricia Donahoe, David Maclaughlin Sep 2014

Diagnostic Utility Of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Determination In Patients With Primary And Recurrent Granulosa Cell Tumors, Andrew Lane, Mary Lee, Arlan Fuller, David Kehas, Patricia Donahoe, David Maclaughlin

Mary M. Lee

OBJECTIVES: In this study we evaluated changes in serum Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) concentration in a large number of patients with granulosa cell tumors (GCT) to determine whether MIS is elevated at the time of presentation and whether MIS is an index of successful surgical resection and management of recurrences. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed MIS levels from 17 subjects prior to tumor resection and studied serial MIS samples from 56 subjects following initial tumor resection. Clinical follow-up information was available for 36 of those with postoperative MIS values. Serum MIS was measured by an ELISA. MIS values were compared to ...


Clinical Management Of Intersex Abnormalities, Patricia Donahoe, David Powell, Mary Lee Sep 2014

Clinical Management Of Intersex Abnormalities, Patricia Donahoe, David Powell, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

No abstract provided.