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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Fgf2-Induced Effects On Transcriptome Associated With Regeneration Competence In Adult Human Fibroblasts, Olga Kashpur, David Lapointe, Sakthikumar Ambady, Elizabeth Ryder, Tanja Dominko Dec 2015

Fgf2-Induced Effects On Transcriptome Associated With Regeneration Competence In Adult Human Fibroblasts, Olga Kashpur, David Lapointe, Sakthikumar Ambady, Elizabeth Ryder, Tanja Dominko

Sakthikumar Ambady

BACKGROUND: Adult human fibroblasts grown in low oxygen and with FGF2 supplementation have the capacity to tip the healing outcome of skeletal muscle injury - by favoring regeneration response in vivo over scar formation. Here, we compare the transcriptomes of control adult human dermal fibroblasts and induced regeneration-competent (iRC) fibroblasts to identify transcriptional changes that may be related to their regeneration competence. RESULTS: We identified a unique gene-expression profile that characterizes FGF2-induced iRC fibroblast phenotype. Significantly differentially expressed genes due to FGF2 treatment were identified and analyzed to determine overrepresented Gene Ontology terms. Genes belonging to extracellular matrix components, adhesion molecules ...


Mir-14 Regulates Autophagy During Developmental Cell Death By Targeting Ip3-Kinase 2, Charles Nelson, Victor Ambros, Eric Baehrecke Oct 2015

Mir-14 Regulates Autophagy During Developmental Cell Death By Targeting Ip3-Kinase 2, Charles Nelson, Victor Ambros, Eric Baehrecke

Victor R. Ambros

Macroautophagy (autophagy) is a lysosome-dependent degradation process that has been implicated in age-associated diseases. Autophagy is involved in both cell survival and cell death, but little is known about the mechanisms that distinguish its use during these distinct cell fates. Here, we identify the microRNA miR-14 as being both necessary and sufficient for autophagy during developmentally regulated cell death in Drosophila. Loss of miR-14 prevented induction of autophagy during salivary gland cell death, but had no effect on starvation-induced autophagy in the fat body. Moreover, misexpression of miR-14 was sufficient to prematurely induce autophagy in salivary glands, but not in ...


Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy Indentation Method For Hydrogel Elasticity Measurement, Donghee Lee, Md Mahmudur Rahman, You Zhou, Sangjin Ryu Aug 2015

Three-Dimensional Confocal Microscopy Indentation Method For Hydrogel Elasticity Measurement, Donghee Lee, Md Mahmudur Rahman, You Zhou, Sangjin Ryu

Md Mahmudur Rahman

No abstract provided.


Dorsoventral Boundary For Organizing Growth And Planar Polarity In The Drosophila Eye, Amit Singh, Janghoo Lim, Kwang-Wook Choi Jul 2015

Dorsoventral Boundary For Organizing Growth And Planar Polarity In The Drosophila Eye, Amit Singh, Janghoo Lim, Kwang-Wook Choi

Amit Singh

A fundamental feature of developing tissues and organs is generation of planar polarity of cells in an epithelium with respect to the body axis.

The Drosophila compound eye shows two-tier dorsoventral (DV) planar polarity. At the individual ommatidium level, the eight photoreceptors in each unit eye form a dorsoventrally asymmetric cluster. At the level of eye field, hundreds of ommatidia in the upper and lower halves of an eye are uniformly polarized dorsally or ventrally, respectively. This results in DV mirror symmetries about the equator. The uniform orientations of photoreceptor clusters over long distance in the eye field provide an ...


Fbf Represses The Cip/Kip Cell-Cycle Inhibitor Cki-2 To Promote Self-Renewal Of Germline Stem Cells In C. Elegans, Irene Kalchhauser, Brian Farley, Sandra Pauli, Sean Ryder, Rafal Ciosk May 2015

Fbf Represses The Cip/Kip Cell-Cycle Inhibitor Cki-2 To Promote Self-Renewal Of Germline Stem Cells In C. Elegans, Irene Kalchhauser, Brian Farley, Sandra Pauli, Sean Ryder, Rafal Ciosk

Sean P. Ryder

Although the decision between stem cell self-renewal and differentiation has been linked to cell-cycle modifications, our understanding of cell-cycle regulation in stem cells is very limited. Here, we report that FBF/Pumilio, a conserved RNA-binding protein, promotes self-renewal of germline stem cells by repressing CKI-2(Cip/Kip), a Cyclin E/Cdk2 inhibitor. We have previously shown that repression of CYE-1 (Cyclin E) by another RNA-binding protein, GLD-1/Quaking, promotes germ cell differentiation. Together, these findings suggest that a post-transcriptional regulatory circuit involving FBF and GLD-1 controls the self-renewal versus differentiation decision in the germline by promoting high CYE-1/CDK-2 activity ...


A Mutation In The Mouse Chd2 Chromatin Remodeling Enzyme Results In A Complex Renal Phenotype, Concetta Marfella, Nils Henninger, Scott Leblanc, Namrata Krishnan, David Garlick, Lawrence Holzman, Anthony Imbalzano Apr 2015

A Mutation In The Mouse Chd2 Chromatin Remodeling Enzyme Results In A Complex Renal Phenotype, Concetta Marfella, Nils Henninger, Scott Leblanc, Namrata Krishnan, David Garlick, Lawrence Holzman, Anthony Imbalzano

Nils Henninger

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Glomerular diseases are the third leading cause of kidney failure worldwide, behind only diabetes and hypertension. The molecular mechanisms underlying the cause of glomerular diseases are still largely unknown. The identification and characterization of new molecules associated with glomerular function should provide new insights into understanding the diverse group of glomerular diseases. The Chd2 protein belongs to a family of enzymes involved in ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling, suggesting that it likely functions as an epigenetic regulator of gene expression via the modification of chromatin structure. METHODS: In this study, we present a detailed histomorphologic characterization of mice containing ...


Supervillin Binds The Rac/Rho-Gef Trio And Increases Trio-Mediated Rac1 Activation, Kyonghee Son, Tara Smith, Elizabeth Luna Mar 2015

Supervillin Binds The Rac/Rho-Gef Trio And Increases Trio-Mediated Rac1 Activation, Kyonghee Son, Tara Smith, Elizabeth Luna

Elizabeth J. Luna

We investigated cross-talk between the membrane-associated, myosin II-regulatory protein supervillin and the actin-regulatory small GTPases Rac1, RhoA, and Cdc42. Supervillin knockdown reduced Rac1-GTP loading, but not the GTP loading of RhoA or Cdc42, in HeLa cells with normal levels of the Rac1-activating protein Trio. No reduction in Rac1-GTP loading was observed when supervillin levels were reduced in Trio-depleted cells. Conversely, overexpression of supervillin isoform 1 (SV1) or, especially, isoform 4 (SV4) increased Rac1 activation. Inhibition of the Trio-mediated Rac1 guanine nucleotide exchange (GEF) activity with ITX3 partially blocked the SV4-mediated increase in Rac1-GTP. Both SV4 and SV1 co-localized with Trio ...


Gamma-Sarcoglycan Is Required For The Response Of Archvillin To Mechanical Stimulation In Skeletal Muscle, Janelle Spinazzola, Tara Smith, Min Liu, Elizabeth Luna, Elisabeth Barton Mar 2015

Gamma-Sarcoglycan Is Required For The Response Of Archvillin To Mechanical Stimulation In Skeletal Muscle, Janelle Spinazzola, Tara Smith, Min Liu, Elizabeth Luna, Elisabeth Barton

Elizabeth J. Luna

Loss of gamma-sarcoglycan (gamma-SG) induces muscle degeneration and signaling defects in response to mechanical load, and its absence is common to both Duchenne and limb girdle muscular dystrophies. Growing evidence suggests that aberrant signaling contributes to the disease pathology; however, the mechanisms of gamma-SG-mediated mechanical signaling are poorly understood. To uncover gamma-SG signaling pathway components, we performed yeast two-hybrid screens and identified the muscle-specific protein archvillin as a gamma-SG and dystrophin interacting protein. Archvillin protein and message levels were significantly upregulated at the sarcolemma of murine gamma-SG-null (gsg-/-) muscle but delocalized in dystrophin-deficient mdx muscle. Similar elevation of archvillin protein ...


Reactive Oxygen Species-Mediated Breast Cell Carcinogenesis Enhanced By Multiple Carcinogens And Intervened By Dietary Ergosterol And Mimosine, Lenora Pluchino, Amethyst Liu, Hwa-Chain Robert Wang Dec 2014

Reactive Oxygen Species-Mediated Breast Cell Carcinogenesis Enhanced By Multiple Carcinogens And Intervened By Dietary Ergosterol And Mimosine, Lenora Pluchino, Amethyst Liu, Hwa-Chain Robert Wang

Lenora A. Pluchino, Ph.D.

Most breast cancers occur sporadically due to long-term exposure to low-dose carcinogens in the diet and the environment. Specifically, smoke, polluted air, and high temperature-cooked meats comprise multiple carcinogens, such as 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), benzo[α]pyrene (B[α]P), and 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5–b]pyridine (PhIP). We sought to determine if these carcinogens act together to induce breast cell carcinogenesis, and if so, whether non-cytotoxic dietary agents could intervene. We demonstrated that co-exposure to physiologically-achievable doses of NNK, B[α]P, and PhIP (NBP) holistically enhanced initiation and progression of breast cell carcinogenesis. Reactive oxygen species ...


Differential Muscle Hypertrophy Is Associated With Satellite Cell Numbers And Akt Pathway Activation Following Activin Type Iib Receptor Inhibition In Mtm1 P.R69c Mice, Michael Lawlor, Marissa Viola, Hui Meng, Rachel Edelstein, Fujun Liu, Ke Yan, Elizabeth Luna, Alexandra Lerch-Gaggl, Raymond Hoffmann, Christopher Pierson, Anna Buj-Bello, Jennifer Lachey, Scott Pearsall, Lin Yang, Cecilia Hillard, Alan Beggs Oct 2014

Differential Muscle Hypertrophy Is Associated With Satellite Cell Numbers And Akt Pathway Activation Following Activin Type Iib Receptor Inhibition In Mtm1 P.R69c Mice, Michael Lawlor, Marissa Viola, Hui Meng, Rachel Edelstein, Fujun Liu, Ke Yan, Elizabeth Luna, Alexandra Lerch-Gaggl, Raymond Hoffmann, Christopher Pierson, Anna Buj-Bello, Jennifer Lachey, Scott Pearsall, Lin Yang, Cecilia Hillard, Alan Beggs

Elizabeth J. Luna

X-linked myotubular myopathy is a congenital myopathy caused by deficiency of myotubularin. Patients often present with severe perinatal weakness, requiring mechanical ventilation to prevent death from respiratory failure. We recently reported that an activin receptor type IIB inhibitor produced hypertrophy of type 2b myofibers and modest increases of strength and life span in the severely myopathic Mtm1δ4 mouse model of X-linked myotubular myopathy. We have now performed a similar study in the less severely symptomatic Mtm1 p.R69C mouse in hopes of finding greater treatment efficacy. Activin receptor type IIB inhibitor treatment of Mtm1 p.R69C animals produced behavioral and ...


Exosome-Mediated Delivery Of Functionally Active Mirna-155 Inhibitor To Macrophages, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala, Terence Bukong, Gyongyi Szabo Sep 2014

Exosome-Mediated Delivery Of Functionally Active Mirna-155 Inhibitor To Macrophages, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala, Terence Bukong, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Exosomes, membranous nanovesicles, naturally carry bio-macromolecules and play pivotal roles in both physiological intercellular crosstalk and disease pathogenesis. Here, we showed that B cell-derived exosomes can function as vehicles to deliver exogenous miRNA-155 mimic or inhibitor into hepatocytes or macrophages, respectively. Stimulation of B cells significantly increased exosome production. Unlike in parental cells, baseline level of miRNA-155 was very low in exosomes derived from stimulated B cells. Exosomes loaded with a miRNA-155 mimic significantly increased miRNA-155 levels in primary mouse hepatocytes and the liver of miRNA-155 knockout mice. Treatment of RAW macrophages with miRNA-155 inhibitor loaded exosomes resulted in statistically ...


Serum Dioxins And Polychlorinated Biphenyls Are Associated With Growth Among Russian Boys, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Julie Del Prato, Olivier Humblet, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Larry Needham, Mikhail Starovoytov, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Serum Dioxins And Polychlorinated Biphenyls Are Associated With Growth Among Russian Boys, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Julie Del Prato, Olivier Humblet, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Larry Needham, Mikhail Starovoytov, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the associations of serum dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) with longitudinally assessed growth measurements among peripubertal Russian boys.

METHODS: A total of 499 boys from Chapaevsk, Russia, aged 8 to 9 years were enrolled in the study from 2003 to 2005 and were followed prospectively for 3 years. Blood samples were collected and physical examinations were conducted at entry and repeated at annual study visits. Multivariate mixed-effects regression models for repeated measures were used to examine the associations of serum dioxins and PCBs with longitudinal measurements of BMI, height, and height velocity.

RESULTS: Serum dioxin (total 2005 ...


Measurement Of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Facilitates Management Of Boys With Microphallus And Cryptorchidism, Madhusmita Misra, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe, Mary Lee Sep 2014

Measurement Of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Facilitates Management Of Boys With Microphallus And Cryptorchidism, Madhusmita Misra, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) is a gonadal hormone expressed in a sexually dimorphic pattern. In males, serum MIS reflects Sertoli cell function and provides an estimate of seminiferous tubular integrity. We examined the role of MIS determination in the evaluation of boys with microphallus (n = 62) and/or cryptorchidism (n = 156). MIS was normal in 69.2% of boys with isolated microphallus compared with 38.1% of boys with microphallus and coexisting cryptorchidism (P < 0.05). In the cryptorchid group, MIS was normal in 46.8%, low in 24.4%, and absent in 28.8%. Normal values for age were ...


Pubertal And Adult Leydig Cell Function In Mullerian Inhibiting Substance-Deficient Mice, Xiufeng Wu, Ramamani Arumugam, Stephen Baker, Mary Lee Sep 2014

Pubertal And Adult Leydig Cell Function In Mullerian Inhibiting Substance-Deficient Mice, Xiufeng Wu, Ramamani Arumugam, Stephen Baker, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) causes Mullerian duct regression during sexual differentiation and regulates postnatal Leydig cell development. MIS knockout (MIS-KO) mice with targeted deletions of MIS develop Leydig cell hyperplasia, but their circulating androgen concentrations are reportedly unaltered. We compared reproductive hormone profiles, androgen biosynthesis, and the expression of key steroidogenic and metabolic enzymes in MIS-KO and wild-type (WT) mice at puberty (36 d) and sexual maturity (60 d). In pubertal animals, basal testosterone and LH concentrations in plasma were lower in MIS-KO than WT mice, whereas human chorionic gonadotropin-stimulated testosterone concentrations were similar. In adults, basal LH, and both ...


P19ink4d And P18ink4c Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitors In The Male Reproductive Axis, Gregory Buchold, Patricia Magyar, Ramamani Arumugam, Mary Lee, Deborah O'Brien Sep 2014

P19ink4d And P18ink4c Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitors In The Male Reproductive Axis, Gregory Buchold, Patricia Magyar, Ramamani Arumugam, Mary Lee, Deborah O'Brien

Mary M. Lee

The loss of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs) p18(Ink4c) and p19(Ink4d) leads to male reproductive defects (Franklin et al., 1998. Genes Dev 12: 2899-2911; Zindy et al., 2000. Mol Cell Biol 20: 372-378; Zindy et al., 2001. Mol Cell Biol 21: 3244-3255). In order to assess whether these inhibitors directly or indirectly affect male germ cell differentiation, we examined the expression of p18(Ink4c) and p19(Ink4d) in spermatogenic and supporting cells in the testis and in pituitary gonadotropes. Both p18(Ink4c) and p19(Ink4d) are most abundant in the testis after 18 days of age and are ...


Augmented Growth Hormone (Gh) Secretory Burst Frequency And Amplitude Mediate Enhanced Gh Secretion During A Two-Day Fast In Normal Men, Mark Hartman, Johannes Veldhuis, Michael Johnson, Mary Lee, K. Alberti, Eugene Samojlik, Michael Thorner Sep 2014

Augmented Growth Hormone (Gh) Secretory Burst Frequency And Amplitude Mediate Enhanced Gh Secretion During A Two-Day Fast In Normal Men, Mark Hartman, Johannes Veldhuis, Michael Johnson, Mary Lee, K. Alberti, Eugene Samojlik, Michael Thorner

Mary M. Lee

Serum GH concentrations are increased in fasted or malnourished human subjects. We investigated the dynamic mechanisms underlying this phenomenon in nine normal men by analyzing serum GH concentrations measured in blood obtained at 5-min intervals over 24 h on a control (fed) day and on the second day of a fast with a multiple-parameter deconvolution method to simultaneously resolve endogenous GH secretory and clearance rates. Two days of fasting induced a 5-fold increase in the 24-h endogenous GH production rate [78 +/- 12 vs. 371 +/- 57 micrograms/Lv (Lv, liter of distribution volume) or 0.24 +/- 0.038 vs. 1.1 ...


Developmental Expression Of A Candidate Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Type Ii Receptor, Jose Teixeira, Wei He, Paresh Shah, Nobuyuki Morikawa, Mary Lee, Elizabeth Catlin, Peter Hudson, John Wing, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe Sep 2014

Developmental Expression Of A Candidate Mullerian Inhibiting Substance Type Ii Receptor, Jose Teixeira, Wei He, Paresh Shah, Nobuyuki Morikawa, Mary Lee, Elizabeth Catlin, Peter Hudson, John Wing, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe

Mary M. Lee

We have isolated a candidate Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) type II receptor complementary DNA from an embryonic rat urogenital ridge library and have studied its binding to MIS, its developmental pattern of expression and tissue distribution. By in situ hybridization with a full-length riboprobe, the receptor is expressed in the mesenchymal cells surrounding the Mullerian duct at embryonic days 14, 15, and 16 and in tubular and follicular structures of the rat fetal gonads. Expression of the messenger RNA was also seen in the granules cells and seminiferous tubules of pubertal gonads. Northern analysis revealed that the MIS type II ...


Developmentally Regulated Polyadenylation Of Two Discrete Messenger Ribonucleic Acids For Mullerian Inhibiting Substance, Mary Lee, Richard Cate, Patricia Donahoe, Gerald Waneck Sep 2014

Developmentally Regulated Polyadenylation Of Two Discrete Messenger Ribonucleic Acids For Mullerian Inhibiting Substance, Mary Lee, Richard Cate, Patricia Donahoe, Gerald Waneck

Mary M. Lee

Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) is a 140-kilodalton homodimeric glycoprotein that causes regression of the Mullerian ducts in male embryos, and may also have a role in both males and females in the regulation of germ cell maturation. We examined the ontogeny of MIS messenger RNA (mRNA) in rat testes from midgestation through adulthood and found two discrete MIS mRNA species that are developmentally regulated. The larger 2.0-kilobase species is abundant at embryonic day 14, then decreases in late gestation, and is barely detectable after birth. The smaller 1.8-kilobase species is first noted at embryonic day 18 and is ...


Transient Hyperthyroidism In An Adolescent With Hydatidiform Mole, Madhusmita Misra, Lynne Levitsky, Mary Lee Sep 2014

Transient Hyperthyroidism In An Adolescent With Hydatidiform Mole, Madhusmita Misra, Lynne Levitsky, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

No abstract provided.


Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In Humans: Normal Levels From Infancy To Adulthood, Mary Lee, Patricia Donahoe, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Bernard Silverman, Gretchen Crist, Sharon Best, Yukihiro Hasegawa, Richard Noto, David Schoenfeld, David Maclaughlin Sep 2014

Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In Humans: Normal Levels From Infancy To Adulthood, Mary Lee, Patricia Donahoe, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Bernard Silverman, Gretchen Crist, Sharon Best, Yukihiro Hasegawa, Richard Noto, David Schoenfeld, David Maclaughlin

Mary M. Lee

Mullerian-inhibiting substance (MIS) is a gonadal hormone synthesized by Sertoli cells of the testis and granulosa cells of the ovary. To facilitate the use of MIS for the evaluation of intersex disorders and as a tumor marker in women with MIS-expressing ovarian tumors, we measured MIS in 600 serum samples from males and females. These data show that mean MIS values for males rise rapidly during the first year of life and are highest during late infancy, then gradually decline until puberty. In contrast, MIS values in females are lowest at birth and exhibit a minimal increase throughout the prepubertal ...


Serum Concentrations Of Organochlorine Pesticides And Growth Among Russian Boys, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Julie Del Prato, Olivier Humblet, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mikhail Starovoytov, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Serum Concentrations Of Organochlorine Pesticides And Growth Among Russian Boys, Jane Burns, Paige Williams, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan Korrick, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Larisa Altshul, Julie Del Prato, Olivier Humblet, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mikhail Starovoytov, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

BACKGROUND: Limited human data suggest an association of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) with adverse effects on children's growth. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the associations of OCPs with longitudinally assessed growth among peripubertal boys from a Russian cohort with high environmental OCP levels. METHODS: A cohort of 499 boys enrolled in the Russian Children's Study between 2003 and 2005 at 8-9 years of age were followed prospectively for 4 years. At study entry, 350 boys had serum OCPs measured. Physical examinations were conducted at entry and annually. The longitudinal associations of serum OCPs with annual measurements of body mass index (BMI ...


Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In The Diagnosis And Management Of Intersex And Gonadal Abnormalities, Michael Gustafson, Mary Lee, Lara Asmundson, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe Sep 2014

Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In The Diagnosis And Management Of Intersex And Gonadal Abnormalities, Michael Gustafson, Mary Lee, Lara Asmundson, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe

Mary M. Lee

Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS), a gonadal hormone important in sexual differentiation, is high (10 to 70 ng/mL) in human male serum postnatally for several years before declining during the peripubertal period, but is undetectable in female serum until the onset of puberty. The sexually dimorphic secretion of MIS suggested possibilities for its use in several clinical settings. Thirty-one patients with intersex and gonadal anomalies from 17 institutions were therefore evaluated between 1989 and 1992 with an MIS enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Serum MIS levels correlated with the presence of testicular tissue in two patients with suspected anorchia, five patients ...


Campylobacter Meningitis In Childhood, Mary Lee, Robert Welliver, Leonard La Scolea Sep 2014

Campylobacter Meningitis In Childhood, Mary Lee, Robert Welliver, Leonard La Scolea

Mary M. Lee

No abstract provided.


Predictors Of Serum Dioxin, Furan, And Pcb Concentrations Among Women From Chapaevsk, Russia, Olivier Humblet, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Oleg Sergeyev, Claude Emond, Linda Birnbaum, Jane Burns, Larisa Altshul, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser Sep 2014

Predictors Of Serum Dioxin, Furan, And Pcb Concentrations Among Women From Chapaevsk, Russia, Olivier Humblet, Paige Williams, Susan Korrick, Oleg Sergeyev, Claude Emond, Linda Birnbaum, Jane Burns, Larisa Altshul, Donald Patterson, Wayman Turner, Mary Lee, Boris Revich, Russ Hauser

Mary M. Lee

Dioxins, furans, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent and bioaccumulative toxic chemicals that are ubiquitous in the environment. We assessed predictors of their serum concentrations among women living in a Russian town contaminated by past industrial activity. Blood samples from 446 mothers aged 23-52 years were collected between 2003-2005 as part of the Russian Children's Study. Serum dioxin, furan, and PCB concentrations were quantified using high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Potential determinants of exposure were collected through interviews. Multivariate linear regression models were used to identify predictors of serum concentrations and toxic equivalencies (TEQs). The median total PCB concentrations and ...


Mentoring Fathers Of Children Newly Diagnosed With T1dm, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai, Carol Bova, Mary Lee, Philip Gruppuso Sep 2014

Mentoring Fathers Of Children Newly Diagnosed With T1dm, Susan Sullivan-Bolyai, Carol Bova, Mary Lee, Philip Gruppuso

Mary M. Lee

PURPOSE: To pilot test a social support intervention for fathers of children (T1DM).

DESIGN AND METHODS: The pilot study was part of a larger randomized, controlled clinical trial. Father participants (28 fathers of children newly diagnosed) were recruited from two pediatric diabetes centers. For 12 months fathers (n = 19) and their spouses in the experimental arm received social support (home visits and phone calls). Control group fathers (n = 9) and their spouses received the phone number of an experienced parent (but not formally educated to provide social support) to call as needed.

RESULTS: Fathers in the intervention group had significantly ...


Key Factors In The Regulation Of Fetal And Postnatal Leydig Cell Development, Xiufeng Wu, Shengqin Wan, Mary Lee Sep 2014

Key Factors In The Regulation Of Fetal And Postnatal Leydig Cell Development, Xiufeng Wu, Shengqin Wan, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

The primary function of testicular Leydig cells is the production of androgens to promote sexual differentiation in the fetus, secondary sexual maturation at puberty, and spermatogenesis in the adult. The fetal and postnatal (adult) populations of Leydig cells differ morphologically and have distinct profiles of gene expression. As postnatal Leydig cells differentiate, they transition through three discrete maturational stages characterized by decreasing proliferative rate and increasing testosterone biosynthetic capacity. In this review, we discuss the development of both fetal and postnatal Leydig cells and review the regulation of this process by some of the key hormones and growth factors.


Consensus Statement On The Use Of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Analogs In Children, Jean-Claude Carel, Erica Eugster, Alan Rogol, Lucia Ghizzoni, Mark Palmert, Mary Lee Sep 2014

Consensus Statement On The Use Of Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Analogs In Children, Jean-Claude Carel, Erica Eugster, Alan Rogol, Lucia Ghizzoni, Mark Palmert, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

OBJECTIVE: Gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs revolutionized the treatment of central precocious puberty. However, questions remain regarding their optimal use in central precocious puberty and other conditions. The Lawson Wilkins Pediatric Endocrine Society and the European Society for Pediatric Endocrinology convened a consensus conference to review the clinical use of gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogs in children and adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: When selecting the 30 participants, consideration was given to equal representation from North America (United States and Canada) and Europe, an equal male/female ratio, and a balanced spectrum of professional seniority and expertise. EVIDENCE: Preference was given to articles written in English with ...


The Role Of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In The Evaluation Of Phenotypic Female Patients With Mild Degrees Of Virilization, Madhusmita Misra, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe, Mary Lee Sep 2014

The Role Of Mullerian Inhibiting Substance In The Evaluation Of Phenotypic Female Patients With Mild Degrees Of Virilization, Madhusmita Misra, David Maclaughlin, Patricia Donahoe, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

Mullerian inhibiting substance (MIS) is a sexually dimorphic gonadal hormone with proven efficacy in the evaluation of boys with cryptorchidism and children with intersex conditions. We examined the role of MIS determination in the evaluation of 65 phenotypic females with mild virilization. Among the 28 subjects with MIS values elevated above the normal female range, all had abnormal gonadal tissue: ovotestes in 11, testes in 7, dysgenetic gonads in 7, and MIS-secreting ovarian tumors in 3. Among the 37 children with serum MIS in the normal female range, 19 had detectable MIS and 18 had unmeasurable MIS. In the former ...


The Influence Of Endocrine Disruptors On Pubertal Timing, Elka Jacobson-Dickman, Mary Lee Sep 2014

The Influence Of Endocrine Disruptors On Pubertal Timing, Elka Jacobson-Dickman, Mary Lee

Mary M. Lee

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Overview of the effects of endocrine disruptors on pubertal timing. RECENT FINDINGS: Epidemiologic studies in humans support animal data demonstrating that exposures to endocrine-disrupting compounds have pronounced effects on pubertal timing and that the timing of endocrine-disrupting compound exposure and the specific agent causes different outcomes. Recent studies confirm subtle effects of lead, dioxins, and phytoestrogens on delaying onset of puberty and demonstrate an association of phthalates and polychlorinated biphenyls with earlier breast development and menarche, respectively. These studies, however, are complicated by mixed exposures of compounds which individually may have opposing actions on the reproductive axis ...


Alterations In The Pulsatile Mode Of Growth Hormone Release In Men And Women With Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Christopher Asplin, Amilton Faria, Elizabeth Carlsen, Veronica Vaccaro, Richard Barr, Ali Iranmanesh, Mary Lee, Johannes Veldhuis, William Evans Sep 2014

Alterations In The Pulsatile Mode Of Growth Hormone Release In Men And Women With Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Christopher Asplin, Amilton Faria, Elizabeth Carlsen, Veronica Vaccaro, Richard Barr, Ali Iranmanesh, Mary Lee, Johannes Veldhuis, William Evans

Mary M. Lee

The mechanisms responsible for the elevated levels of circulating GH observed in diabetes mellitus (DM) remain incompletely defined. To assess the episodic fluctuations in serum GH as a reflection of hypothalamic-pituitary activity, we accumulated GH concentration-time series in a total of 48 adult men and women with and without insulin-dependent DM by obtaining serum samples at 10-min intervals over 24 h. Significant pulses of GH release were subsequently identified and characterized by an objective, statistically based pulse detection algorithm (Cluster) and fixed circadian (24-h) periodicities of secretory activity, resolved using Fourier expansion timeseries analysis. Compared to those in age-matched controls ...