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Pharmacology

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Full-Text Articles in Cell Biology

Rapamycin Increases Length And Mechanosensory Function Of Primary Cilia In Renal Eptihelial And Vascular Endothelial Cells, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Kimberly F. Atkinson, Viviana P. Ferreira, Surya M. Nauli Dec 2016

Rapamycin Increases Length And Mechanosensory Function Of Primary Cilia In Renal Eptihelial And Vascular Endothelial Cells, Rinzhin T. Sherpa, Kimberly F. Atkinson, Viviana P. Ferreira, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Primary cilia arebiophysically-sensitive organelles responsible for sensing fluid-flow and transducing this stimulus into intracellular responses. Previous studies have shown that the primary cilia mediate flow-induced calcium influx, and sensitivity of cilia function to flow is correlated to cilia length. Cells with abnormal cilia length or function can lead to a host of diseases that are collectively termed as ciliopathies. Rapamycin, a potent inhibitor of mTOR (mammalian target of rapamycin), has been demonstrated to be a potential pharmacological agent against the aberrant mTOR signaling seen in ciliopathies such as polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). Here we look ...


Echinacea Species And Alkamides Inhibit Prostaglandin E2 Production In Raw264.7 Mouse Macrophage Cells, Carlie A. Lalone, Kimberly D.P. Hammer, Lankun Wu, Jaehood Bae, Norma Leyva, Yi Liu, Avery K.S. Solco, George A. Kraus, Patricia A. Murphy, Eve S. Wurtele, Ok-Kyung Kim, Kwon Ii Seo, Mark P. Widrlechner, Diane F. Birt Jan 2007

Echinacea Species And Alkamides Inhibit Prostaglandin E2 Production In Raw264.7 Mouse Macrophage Cells, Carlie A. Lalone, Kimberly D.P. Hammer, Lankun Wu, Jaehood Bae, Norma Leyva, Yi Liu, Avery K.S. Solco, George A. Kraus, Patricia A. Murphy, Eve S. Wurtele, Ok-Kyung Kim, Kwon Ii Seo, Mark P. Widrlechner, Diane F. Birt

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Inhibition of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cells was assessed with an enzyme immunoassay following treatments with Echinacea extracts or synthesized alkamides. Results indicated that ethanol extracts diluted in media to a concentration of 15 μg/mL from E. angustifolia, E. pallida, E. simulata, and E. sanguinea significantly inhibited PGE2 production. In further studies, PGE2 production was significantly reduced by all synthesized alkamides assayed at 50 μM, by Bauer alkamides 8, 12A analogue, and 14, Chen alkamide 2, and Chen alkamide 2 analogue at 25 μM and by Bauer alkamide 14 ...


Mitochondrial Remodeling In Adipose Tissue Associated With Obesity And Treatment With Rosiglitazone, Leanne Wilson-Fritch, Sarah M. Nicoloro, My T. Chouinard, Mitchell A. Lazar, Patricia C. Chui, John D. Leszyk, Juerg R. Straubhaar, Michael P. Czech, Silvia Corvera Nov 2004

Mitochondrial Remodeling In Adipose Tissue Associated With Obesity And Treatment With Rosiglitazone, Leanne Wilson-Fritch, Sarah M. Nicoloro, My T. Chouinard, Mitchell A. Lazar, Patricia C. Chui, John D. Leszyk, Juerg R. Straubhaar, Michael P. Czech, Silvia Corvera

Open Access Articles

Adipose tissue plays a central role in the control of energy homeostasis through the storage and turnover of triglycerides and through the secretion of factors that affect satiety and fuel utilization. Agents that enhance insulin sensitivity, such as rosiglitazone, appear to exert their therapeutic effect through adipose tissue, but the precise mechanisms of their actions are unclear. Rosiglitazone changes the morphological features and protein profiles of mitochondria in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. To examine the relevance of these effects in vivo, we studied white adipocytes from ob/ob mice during the development of obesity and after treatment with rosiglitazone. The levels of ...


A Role For The Dnaj Homologue Scj1p In Protein Folding In The Yeast Endoplasmic Reticulum, Susana Silberstein, Gabriel Schlenstedt, Pam A. Silver, Reid Gilmore Nov 1998

A Role For The Dnaj Homologue Scj1p In Protein Folding In The Yeast Endoplasmic Reticulum, Susana Silberstein, Gabriel Schlenstedt, Pam A. Silver, Reid Gilmore

Open Access Articles

Members of the eukaryotic heat shock protein 70 family (Hsp70s) are regulated by protein cofactors that contain domains homologous to bacterial DnaJ. Of the three DnaJ homologues in the yeast rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER; Scj1p, Sec63p, and Jem1p), Scj1p is most closely related to DnaJ, hence it is a probable cofactor for Kar2p, the major Hsp70 in the yeast RER. However, the physiological role of Scj1p has remained obscure due to the lack of an obvious defect in Kar2p-mediated pathways in scj1 null mutants. Here, we show that the Deltascj1 mutant is hypersensitive to tunicamycin or mutations that reduce N-linked ...


Protein Translocation Across The Er Requires A Functional Gtp Binding Site In The Alpha Subunit Of The Signal Recognition Particle Receptor, Peter J. Rapiejko, Reid Gilmore May 1992

Protein Translocation Across The Er Requires A Functional Gtp Binding Site In The Alpha Subunit Of The Signal Recognition Particle Receptor, Peter J. Rapiejko, Reid Gilmore

Open Access Articles

The signal recognition particle (SRP)-mediated translocation of proteins across the RER is a GTP dependent process. Analysis of the primary amino acid sequence of one protein subunit of SRP (SRP54), as well as the alpha subunit of the SRP receptor (SR alpha), has indicated that these proteins contain predicted GTP binding sites. Several point mutations confined to the GTP binding consensus elements of SR alpha were constructed by site specific mutagenesis to define a role for the GTP binding site in SR alpha during protein translocation. The SR alpha mutants were analyzed using an in vitro system wherein SR ...