Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Cancer Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Pancreatic cancer

Theses & Dissertations

Biochemistry

Publication Year

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Metabolic Reprogramming Of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cells In Response To Chronic Low Ph Stress, Jaime Abrego Dec 2017

Metabolic Reprogramming Of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cells In Response To Chronic Low Ph Stress, Jaime Abrego

Theses & Dissertations

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is among the most lethal of all cancers with a 5-year survival rate of only 8.2%. This is because PDAC is diagnosed in its advanced stages and is characterized by radio and chemotherapy resistance. Aggressiveness of PDAC tumors is attributed to its high metabolic phenotype, which is characterized by increased glycolysis rate and lactate secretion, while oxidative metabolism is reduced. These metabolic features are required to fulfill the biosynthetic demands of proliferating PDAC cells. However, this increase in metabolic activity results in acidification of the extracellular space because the dense fibrotic stroma of PDAC tumors ...


Aberrant Glycosylation In Pancreatic Cancer Progression, Seema Chugh May 2017

Aberrant Glycosylation In Pancreatic Cancer Progression, Seema Chugh

Theses & Dissertations

Aberrant changes in O-glycosylation patterns underlie pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) progression and metastasis. Glycosylation is a post-translational modification in which carbohydrate moieties are attached to the protein substrate. My dissertation is focused on mucin-type O-glycosylation, which is the predominant form of O-glycosylation and is regulated by a myriad of glycosyltransferases.

PDAC is one of the most lethal diseases and the mechanistic involvement of aberrant O-glycosylation in its progression and metastasis is unknown. The aberrant glycosylation refers to the appearance of unusual carbohydrate structures such as truncated carbohydrate antigens, often referred to as tumor-associated carbohydrate antigens.

In this dissertation, my goal ...


Role Of Ddr1 In Pancreatic Cancer, Huocong Huang Aug 2016

Role Of Ddr1 In Pancreatic Cancer, Huocong Huang

Theses & Dissertations

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas are highly malignant cancers, characterized by extensive invasion into surrounding tissues, metastasis to distant organs at a very early stage, and a limited response to therapy. One of the main features of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas is desmoplasia, which leads to extensive deposition of collagen I. We have demonstrated that collagen I can induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in pancreatic cancer cells. A hallmark of EMT is an increase in the expression of a mesenchymal cadherin, N-cadherin. Our previous studies have shown that up-regulation of N-cadherin can promote tumor cell invasion and that collagen I-induced EMT is through two ...