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Cancer Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 5 of 5

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Role Of Hypoxia And Glycolysis In The Development Of Multi-Drug Resistance In Human Tumor Cells And The Establishment Of An Orthotopic Multi-Drug Resistant Tumor Model In Nude Mice Using Hypoxic Pre-Conditioning, Lara Milane, Zhenfeng Duan, Mansoor M. Amiji Sep 2011

Role Of Hypoxia And Glycolysis In The Development Of Multi-Drug Resistance In Human Tumor Cells And The Establishment Of An Orthotopic Multi-Drug Resistant Tumor Model In Nude Mice Using Hypoxic Pre-Conditioning, Lara Milane, Zhenfeng Duan, Mansoor M. Amiji

Mansoor M. Amiji

Background The development of multi-drug resistant (MDR) cancer is a significant challenge in the clinical treatment of recurrent disease. Hypoxia is an environmental selection pressure that contributes to the development of MDR. Many cancer cells, including MDR cells, resort to glycolysis for energy acquisition. This study aimed to explore the relationship between hypoxia, glycolysis, and MDR in a panel of human breast and ovarian cancer cells. A second aim of this study was to develop an orthotopic animal model of MDR breast cancer. Methods Nucleic and basal protein was extracted from a panel of human breast and ovarian cancer cells ...


Developmental Deregulation And Tumorigenesis Inhibition In 14-3-3zeta Knockout Mouse, Jun Yang Aug 2011

Developmental Deregulation And Tumorigenesis Inhibition In 14-3-3zeta Knockout Mouse, Jun Yang

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cancer is second leading cause of death in the United States. Improving cancer care through patient care, research, education and prevention not only saves lives, but reduces health care cost as well. Breast cancer is the most leading cause of cancer incidence and cancer related death in women of the United States. 14-3-3s are a family of conserved proteins ubiquitously expressed in all eukaryotic organisms. They form complexes with hundreds of proteins by binding to specific phospho-serine/threonine containing motifs. In this way they regulate a variety of cellular processes and are involved in many human diseases especially cancer to ...


Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles As Potential Novel Anticancer Therapies, Janet C. Layne May 2011

Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles As Potential Novel Anticancer Therapies, Janet C. Layne

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Nanoparticles (NP) are increasingly being recognized for their utility in the field of medicine, including use as drug carriers and imaging tools. We demonstrated that ZnO NP preferentially kill cancerous cells of the T cell lineage, and extended this research to evaluate other cells types, including normal and malignant B cells, and normal and malignant breast and prostate epithelial cells. Preferential ZnO nanoparticle cytotoxicity occurred for multiple types of cancer cells, but was most pronounced for non-adherent cells of hematopoietic lineage. Normal T and B lymphocytes showed the greatest resistance to NP toxicity, followed by normal breast epithelial cells, and ...


Atm Signaling To Tsc2: Mechanisms And Implications For Cancer Therapy, Angela Alexander May 2011

Atm Signaling To Tsc2: Mechanisms And Implications For Cancer Therapy, Angela Alexander

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is a critical component of the cellular response to DNA damage, where it acts as a damage sensor, and signals to a large network of proteins which execute the important tasks involved in responding to the damage, namely inducing cell cycle checkpoints, inducing DNA repair, modulating transcriptional responses, and regulating cell death pathways if the damage cannot be repaired faithfully. We have now discovered that an additional novel component of this ATM-dependent damage response involves induction of autophagy in response to oxidative stress. In contrast to DNA damage-induced ATM activation however, oxidative stress induced ATM, occurs ...


Modeling Measurement Error In Tumor Characterization Studies, Cyril Rakovski, Daniel J. Weisenberger, Paul Marjoram, Peter W. Laird, Kimberly D. Siegmund Jan 2011

Modeling Measurement Error In Tumor Characterization Studies, Cyril Rakovski, Daniel J. Weisenberger, Paul Marjoram, Peter W. Laird, Kimberly D. Siegmund

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Etiologic studies of cancer increasingly use molecular features such as gene expression, DNA methylation and sequence mutation to subclassify the cancer type. In large population-based studies, the tumor tissues available for study are archival specimens that provide variable amounts of amplifiable DNA for molecular analysis. As molecular features measured from small amounts of tumor DNA are inherently noisy, we propose a novel approach to improve statistical efficiency when comparing groups of samples. We illustrate the phenomenon using the MethyLight technology, applying our proposed analysis to compare MLH1 DNA methylation levels in males and females studied in the Colon Cancer ...