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Cancer Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence May 2018

Pkm2 Influences The Metabolic Fate Of Butyrate In Colorectal Cancer Cells, Megan Louise Pence

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Metabolic Rescue Of “Glucose Addicted” Cancer Cells In Vitro, Paolo Vignali Mar 2013

Metabolic Rescue Of “Glucose Addicted” Cancer Cells In Vitro, Paolo Vignali

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

Transformations in the glycolytic metabolism of neoplasms modulate their robust cellular division. This characteristic leads to an “addiction” to glucose for continued proliferation and viability. This study investigated whether glucose metabolites could rescue cellular viability in glucose-starvation conditions, a model of the inter-tumoral nutrient-deficient environment. Findings illustrated potential cellular viability rescue with pyruvate addition in glucose-deprived conditions, yet the same potential was not observed with lactic acid, a metabolite that exists at characteristically high concentrations within the intertumoral microenvironment. These results could implicate a predominance of certain metabolic pathways in nutrient-starved cells. Molecular transport capacities across plasma membranes are tied ...


Characterizing The Role Of Dna Repair Proteins In Telomere Length Regulation And Maintenance: Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group C Protein And 8-Oxoguanine Dna Glycosylase, David Beomjin Rhee Aug 2010

Characterizing The Role Of Dna Repair Proteins In Telomere Length Regulation And Maintenance: Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group C Protein And 8-Oxoguanine Dna Glycosylase, David Beomjin Rhee

Doctoral Dissertations

Telomeres are the chromosome end structures consisting of telomere-associated proteins and short tandem repeat sequences, TTAGGG, in humans and mice. Telomeres prevent chromosome termini from being recognized as broken DNA ends. The structural integrity of DNA including telomeres is constantly threatened by a variety of DNA damaging agents on a daily basis. To counteract the constant threats from DNA damage, organisms have developed a number of DNA repair pathways to ensure that the integrity of genome remains intact. A number of DNA repair proteins localize to telomeres and contribute to telomere maintenance; however, it is still unclear as to what ...


Functional Analysis Of Chromodomain Helicase Dna Binding Protein 2(Chd2) Mediated Genomic Stability, Sangeetha Rajagopalan May 2010

Functional Analysis Of Chromodomain Helicase Dna Binding Protein 2(Chd2) Mediated Genomic Stability, Sangeetha Rajagopalan

Doctoral Dissertations

Histone modifying enzymes and chromatin remodeling complexes play an important regulatory role in chromatin dynamics that dictate the interaction of regulatory factors involved in processes such as DNA replication, recombination, repair and transcription, with DNA template. The CHD (Chromodomain Helicase DNA Binding Protein) family of proteins is known to be involved in the regulation of gene expression, recombination and chromatin remodeling via their chromatin specific interactions and activities. Phenotypic analysis of the Chd2 mutant mouse model developed by our laboratory indicates that the Chd2 protein plays a critical role in tumor suppression as the heterozygous mutant mice develop spontaneous lymphomas ...