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Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

1 '- Acetoxychavicol Acetate Inhibits Growth Of Human Oral Carcinoma Xenograft In Mice And Potentiates Cisplatin Effect Via Proinflammatory Microenvironment Alterations, Noor Hasima Nagoor Jan 2012

1 '- Acetoxychavicol Acetate Inhibits Growth Of Human Oral Carcinoma Xenograft In Mice And Potentiates Cisplatin Effect Via Proinflammatory Microenvironment Alterations, Noor Hasima Nagoor

Noor Hasima Nagoor

Background: Oral cancers although preventable, possess a low five-year survival rate which has remained unchanged over the past three decades. In an attempt to find a more safe, affordable and effective treatment option, we describe here the use of 1'S-1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA), a component of Malaysian ginger traditionally used for various medicinal purposes. Methods: Whether ACA can inhibit the growth of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cells alone or in combination with cisplatin (CDDP), was explored both in vitro using MTT assays and in vivo using Nu/Nu mice. Occurrence of apoptosis was assessed using PARP and DNA ...


7 Alpha-Hydroxy-Beta-Sitosterol From Chisocheton Tomentosus Induces Apoptosis Via Dysregulation Of Cellular Bax/Bcl-2 Ratio And Cell Cycle Arrest By Downregulating Erk1/2 Activation, Noor Hasima Nagoor Dec 2011

7 Alpha-Hydroxy-Beta-Sitosterol From Chisocheton Tomentosus Induces Apoptosis Via Dysregulation Of Cellular Bax/Bcl-2 Ratio And Cell Cycle Arrest By Downregulating Erk1/2 Activation, Noor Hasima Nagoor

Noor Hasima Nagoor

In continuation of our interest towards the elucidation of apoptotic pathways of cytotoxic phytocompounds, we have embarked upon a study on the anticancer effects of 7 alpha-hydroxy-beta-sitosterol (CT1), a rare natural phytosterol oxide isolated from Chisocheton tomentosus. CT1 was found to be cytotoxic on three different human tumor cell lines with minimal effects on normal cell controls, where cell viability levels were maintained >= 80% upon treatment. Our results showed that cell death in MCF-7 breast tumor cells was achieved through the induction of apoptosis via downregulation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway. CT1 was also found to increase proapoptotic Bax ...