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Cancer Biology Commons

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2006

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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller Aug 2011

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller

Howard K. Plummer III

Human lung cancer cell lines are widely used to test anticancer drugs. These in-vitro tests, however, preclude the detection of responses to paracrine factors from surrounding stroma. We have cocultured pulmonary fibroblasts CCD-19Lu, from a healthy donor, or HLF-A, from a patient with epidermoid carcinoma of the lung, with two human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines to test the hypothesis that the fibroblasts stimulate the growth of the tumor cells. Both fibroblast cell lines significantly increased the proliferation of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assays, with HLF-A fibroblasts yielding the most pronounced responses ...


Activated Checkpoint Kinase 2 Provides A Survival Signal For Tumor Cells, Jagadish C. Ghosh, Takehiko Dohi, Christopher M. Raskett, Timothy F. Kowalik, Dario C. Altieri Dec 2006

Activated Checkpoint Kinase 2 Provides A Survival Signal For Tumor Cells, Jagadish C. Ghosh, Takehiko Dohi, Christopher M. Raskett, Timothy F. Kowalik, Dario C. Altieri

Open Access Articles

Tumor cells often become resistant to DNA damage-based therapy; however, the underlying mechanisms are not yet understood. Here, we show that tumor cells exposed to DNA damage counteract cell death by releasing the antiapoptotic protein, survivin, from mitochondria. This is independent of p53, and requires activated checkpoint kinase 2 (Chk2), a putative tumor suppressor. Molecular or genetic targeting of Chk2 prevents the release of survivin from mitochondria, enhances DNA damage-induced tumor cell apoptosis, and inhibits the growth of resistant in vivo tumors. Therefore, activated Chk2 circumvents its own tumor-suppressive functions by promoting tumor cell survival. Inhibiting Chk2 in combination with ...


Inhibition Of Bach1 (Fancj) Helicase By Backbone Discontinuity Is Overcome By Increased Motor Atpase Or Length Of Loading Strand, Rigu Gupta, Sudha Sharma, Kevin M. Doherty, Joshua A. Sommers, Sharon B. Cantor, Robert M. Brosh Dec 2006

Inhibition Of Bach1 (Fancj) Helicase By Backbone Discontinuity Is Overcome By Increased Motor Atpase Or Length Of Loading Strand, Rigu Gupta, Sudha Sharma, Kevin M. Doherty, Joshua A. Sommers, Sharon B. Cantor, Robert M. Brosh

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

The BRCA1 associated C-terminal helicase (BACH1) associated with breast cancer has been implicated in double strand break (DSB) repair. More recently, BACH1 (FANCJ) has been genetically linked to the chromosomal instability disorder Fanconi Anemia (FA). Understanding the roles of BACH1 in cellular DNA metabolism and how BACH1 dysfunction leads to tumorigenesis requires a comprehensive investigation of its catalytic mechanism and molecular functions in DNA repair. In this study, we have determined that BACH1 helicase contacts with both the translocating and the non-translocating strands of the duplex are critical for its ability to track along the sugar phosphate backbone and unwind ...


Nnk Activates Erk1/2 And Creb/Atf-1 Via Beta-1-Ar And Egfr Signaling In Human Lung Adenocarcinoma And Small Airway Epithelial Cells, E Laag, M Majidi, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, T Takahashi, Hildegard Schuller Sep 2006

Nnk Activates Erk1/2 And Creb/Atf-1 Via Beta-1-Ar And Egfr Signaling In Human Lung Adenocarcinoma And Small Airway Epithelial Cells, E Laag, M Majidi, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, T Takahashi, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

We have shown that the tobacco nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) is an agonist for -adrenergic receptors (beta-ARs) and increased DNA synthesis of human lung adenocarcinoma cells with features of bronchiolar Clara cells by binding to these receptors. Using a cell line derived from a human pulmonary adenocarcinoma with Clara cell phenotype (PACC) and immortalized human small airway epithelial cells (HPLD1), the putative cells of origin of this cancer type, our current studies have analyzed signaling initiated by binding of NNK to the beta 1-AR. NNK upregulated ERK1/2 and CREB/ATF-1 phosphorylation in a PKA-dependent manner in ...


Notch1 Contributes To Mouse T-Cell Leukemia By Directly Inducing The Expression Of C-Myc, Vishva Mitra Sharma, Jennifer Ann Calvo, Kyle M. Draheim, Leslie A. Cunningham, Nicole M. Hermance, Levi J. Beverly, Veena Krishnamoorthy, Manoj Bhasin, Anthony J. Capobianco, Michelle A. Kelliher Sep 2006

Notch1 Contributes To Mouse T-Cell Leukemia By Directly Inducing The Expression Of C-Myc, Vishva Mitra Sharma, Jennifer Ann Calvo, Kyle M. Draheim, Leslie A. Cunningham, Nicole M. Hermance, Levi J. Beverly, Veena Krishnamoorthy, Manoj Bhasin, Anthony J. Capobianco, Michelle A. Kelliher

GSBS Student Publications

Recent work with mouse models and human leukemic samples has shown that gain-of-function mutation(s) in Notch1 is a common genetic event in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). The Notch1 receptor signals through a gamma-secretase-dependent process that releases intracellular Notch1 from the membrane to the nucleus, where it forms part of a transcriptional activator complex. To identify Notch1 target genes in leukemia, we developed mouse T-cell leukemic lines that express intracellular Notch1 in a doxycycline-dependent manner. Using gene expression profiling and chromatin immunoprecipitation, we identified c-myc as a novel, direct, and critical Notch1 target gene in T-cell leukemia. c-myc mRNA ...


Functional Interaction Of The Retinoblastoma And Ini1/Snf5 Tumor Suppressors In Cell Growth And Pituitary Tumorigenesis, Cynthia J. Guidi, Rajini R. Mudhasani, Kathleen Hoover, Andrew Koff, Irwin Leav, Anthony N. Imbalzano, Stephen N. Jones Aug 2006

Functional Interaction Of The Retinoblastoma And Ini1/Snf5 Tumor Suppressors In Cell Growth And Pituitary Tumorigenesis, Cynthia J. Guidi, Rajini R. Mudhasani, Kathleen Hoover, Andrew Koff, Irwin Leav, Anthony N. Imbalzano, Stephen N. Jones

Open Access Articles

The Ini1 subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex suppresses formation of malignant rhabdoid tumors in humans and mice. Transduction of Ini1 into Ini1-deficient tumor-derived cell lines has indicated that Ini1 arrests cell growth, controls chromosomal ploidy, and suppresses tumorigenesis by regulating components of the retinoblastoma (Rb) signaling pathway. Furthermore, conditional inactivation of Ini1 in mouse fibroblasts alters the expression of various Rb-E2F-regulated genes, indicating that endogenous Ini1 levels may control Rb signaling in cells. We have reported previously that loss of one allele of Ini1 in mouse fibroblasts results only in a 15% to 20% reduction in total ...


Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller Jul 2006

Pulmonary Fibroblasts Stimulate The Proliferation Of Cell Lines From Human Lung Adenocarcinomas, Maria Cekanova, T Masi, Howard Plummer, M Majidi, P Fedorocko, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

Human lung cancer cell lines are widely used to test anticancer drugs. These in-vitro tests, however, preclude the detection of responses to paracrine factors from surrounding stroma. We have cocultured pulmonary fibroblasts CCD-19Lu, from a healthy donor, or HLF-A, from a patient with epidermoid carcinoma of the lung, with two human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines to test the hypothesis that the fibroblasts stimulate the growth of the tumor cells. Both fibroblast cell lines significantly increased the proliferation of the pulmonary adenocarcinoma cell lines in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assays, with HLF-A fibroblasts yielding the most pronounced responses ...


Plagl2 Cooperates In Leukemia Development By Upregulating Mpl Expression: A Dissertation, Sean F. Landrette Jun 2006

Plagl2 Cooperates In Leukemia Development By Upregulating Mpl Expression: A Dissertation, Sean F. Landrette

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Chromosomal alterations involving the RUNXI or CBFB genes are specifically and recurrently associated with human acute myeloid leukemia (AML). One such chromosomal alteration, a pericentric inversion of chromosome 16, is present in the majority of cases of the AML subtype M4Eo. This inversion joins CBFB with the smooth muscle myosin gene MYH11 creating the fusion CBFB-MYH11. Knock-in studies in the mouse have demonstrated that expression of the protein product of the Cbfb-MYH11fusion, Cbfβ-SMMHC, predisposes mice to AML and that chemical mutagenesis both accelerates and increases the penetrance of the disease (Castilla et al., 1999). However, the mechanism of transformation ...


Genetic Factors Leading To Chronic Epstein–Barr Virus Infection And Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma In South East China: Study Design, Methods And Feasibility, Xiu Chan Guo, Kevin Scott, Yan Liu, Michael Dean, Victor David, George W. Nelson, Randall C. Johnson, Holli H. Dilks, J. A. Lautenberger, Bailey Kessing, Janice S. Martenson, Li Guan, Shan Sun, Hong Deng, Yuming Zheng, Guy De The, Jian Liao, Yi Zeng, Stephen J. O'Brien, Cheryl Winkler Jun 2006

Genetic Factors Leading To Chronic Epstein–Barr Virus Infection And Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma In South East China: Study Design, Methods And Feasibility, Xiu Chan Guo, Kevin Scott, Yan Liu, Michael Dean, Victor David, George W. Nelson, Randall C. Johnson, Holli H. Dilks, J. A. Lautenberger, Bailey Kessing, Janice S. Martenson, Li Guan, Shan Sun, Hong Deng, Yuming Zheng, Guy De The, Jian Liao, Yi Zeng, Stephen J. O'Brien, Cheryl Winkler

Biology Faculty Articles

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is a complex disease caused by a combination of Epstein-Barr virus chronic infection, the environment and host genes in a multi-step process of carcinogenesis. The identity of genetic factors involved in the development of chronic Epstein-Barr virus infection and NPC remains elusive, however. Here, we describe a two-phase, population-based, case-control study of Han Chinese from Guangxi province, where the NPC incidence rate rises to a high of 25-50 per 100,000 individuals. Phase I, powered to detect single gene associations, enrolled 984 subjects to determine feasibility, to develop infrastructure and logistics and to determine error rates in ...


Detection Of Overexpressed Cox-2 In Precancerous Lesions Of Hamster Pancreas And Lungs By Molecular Imaging: Implications For Early Diagnosis And Prevention, Hildegard Schuller, George Kabalka, G Smith, A Mereddy, M Akula, Maria Cekanova May 2006

Detection Of Overexpressed Cox-2 In Precancerous Lesions Of Hamster Pancreas And Lungs By Molecular Imaging: Implications For Early Diagnosis And Prevention, Hildegard Schuller, George Kabalka, G Smith, A Mereddy, M Akula, Maria Cekanova

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

The enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is overexpressed in many cancers, cardiovascular disease, neurodegenerative disorders, and arthritis. Selective inhibitors of COX-2 have been developed as therapeutics or preventive agents for these diseases. However, recent reports have revealed a significant increase in cardiovascular mortality in long-term users of the COX-2 inhibitors Vioxx and Celebrex, emphasizing the need for noninvasive tests that allow the identification of individuals whose COX-2 levels are overexpressed prior to assignment to treatment with these drugs. In this study, we have prepared a radioiodinated analogue of the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib, and verified its binding to the COX-2 enzyme in ...


Mitosis-Independent Survivin Gene Expression In Vivo And Regulation By P53, Fang Xia, Dario C. Altieri Apr 2006

Mitosis-Independent Survivin Gene Expression In Vivo And Regulation By P53, Fang Xia, Dario C. Altieri

Open Access Articles

Survivin is an essential mitotic gene, and this has been speculated to reflect its primary function in development and cancer. Here, we generated a knock-in transgenic mouse (SVVp-GFP) in which a green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter gene was placed under the control of the survivin promoter that regulates transcription at mitosis. The expression of endogenous survivin was widespread in mouse tissues during development and shortly after birth. In contrast, GFP reactivity was undetectable in transgenic mouse embryos, and was largely limited postnatally to mitotic cells in the testes. Double transgenic mice generated in the tumor-prone Min/+ background exhibited intestinal adenomas ...


Detection Of Sporadic Genetic Mutations Using An Endov/Ligase Scanning Assay, Jillian Bybee Apr 2006

Detection Of Sporadic Genetic Mutations Using An Endov/Ligase Scanning Assay, Jillian Bybee

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

The identification of sporadic point mutations in tumor-suppressor genes, which are responsible for regulating cell growth, has been linked to the early detection of cancer, as well as with identifying those individuals with a genetic predisposition to developing cancer. My research investigates the use of a single-step endonuclease V/ligase scanning assay in the detection of unknown point mutations in genomic DNA. Specifically, the research focuses on the K-Ras gene, which has been linked to several different types of cancer, including colorectal cancer. A universal PCR strategy using fluorescently labeled universal primers and unlabeled gene specific primers allowed for amplification ...


Identification Of Key Binding Partners Of Elongin C, Allie Maffit Apr 2006

Identification Of Key Binding Partners Of Elongin C, Allie Maffit

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States. Prostate cancer affects one in seven men in the United States. Thus, prostate cancer provides a very serious healthy threat to men in the United States. Unfortunately, not much is known as to how normal prostate cells are transformed into a cancerous state, or how once transformed remain in the cancerous state. A study preformed by Porkka et. al in 2002 revealed that Elongin C is over expressed in prostate cancer cell lines. I hypothesize that over expression of Elongin C could inappropriately stabilize or destabilize key proteins ...


Beta1 Integrins Modulate Cell Adhesion By Regulating Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Ii Levels In The Microenvironment, Hira Lal Goel, Loredana Moro, Michael King, Natalia Teider, Michael Centrella, Thomas L. Mccarthy, Marina Holgado-Madruga, Albert J. Wong, Ersilia Marra, Lucia R. Languino Jan 2006

Beta1 Integrins Modulate Cell Adhesion By Regulating Insulin-Like Growth Factor-Ii Levels In The Microenvironment, Hira Lal Goel, Loredana Moro, Michael King, Natalia Teider, Michael Centrella, Thomas L. Mccarthy, Marina Holgado-Madruga, Albert J. Wong, Ersilia Marra, Lucia R. Languino

Open Access Articles

The interactions between cancer cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) regulate cancer progression. The beta1C and beta1A integrins, two cytoplasmic variants of the beta1 integrin subfamily, are differentially expressed in prostate cancer. Using gene expression analysis, we show here that the beta1C variant, an inhibitor of cell proliferation, which is down-regulated in prostate cancer, up-regulates insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) mRNA and protein levels. In contrast, beta1A does not affect IGF-II levels. We provide evidence that beta1C-mediated up-regulation of IGF-II levels increases adhesion to Laminin-1, a basement membrane protein down-regulated in prostate cancer, and that the beta1C cytoplasmic domain contains the ...


Chmp1 Is Implicated In The Development Of Pancreatic Tumor Via The Retinoic Acid Signaling Pathway, Juliana Adedayo Akinsete Jan 2006

Chmp1 Is Implicated In The Development Of Pancreatic Tumor Via The Retinoic Acid Signaling Pathway, Juliana Adedayo Akinsete

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

In the present study, we investigated the involvement of Chmp1 (Chromatin ModifyingProtein 1/Charged Multivesicular body Protein 1) in the development of mousepancreatic acinar tumor cell line. CRL 2151 cell line was transfected with Chmp1/CS2vector to compare growth, morphology and expression of Chmp1, p53 and pp53 (ser37) with control-transfected cells. CRL 2151 cells were treated with all-trans retinoicacid (ATRA) to compare growth, morphology and expression of Chmp1 and p53 withcontrol-treated cells. Strabismus was used as control. Results showed inhibition ofgrowth but no morphological change in transfected cells. Western blot analysis showedthat Chmp1 transfection upregulated the expression of p53, pp53 ...


Organometallic Ruthenium Complexes Of Novel Thiosemicarbazones, Floyd A. Beckford, Amon T. Holt Jan 2006

Organometallic Ruthenium Complexes Of Novel Thiosemicarbazones, Floyd A. Beckford, Amon T. Holt

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

We present the preliminary results of a study of two novel thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) and theirruthenium complexes. The TSCs were prepared by refluxing thiosemicarbazide with 9-anthraldehyde or benzanthrone in ethanol for 3 hours. The metal complex of each ligand (complex I =[(r|6 -C6H6 )Ru(9-ant-TSC )(C1)]C1 and complex II= [(r|6 -C6H6 )Ru(benz-TSC)(Cl)]Cl) was prepared by refluxing the appropriate TSC with [(r|6 -C6H6 )RuCl 2 ] r The compounds were characterized using infrared, ultraviolet-visible, and NMRspectroscopy. Two different methods, the disk diffusion test and luminometry, were used to test the compounds against a variety of different ...


Potential Of Vibrational Spectroscopy In The Diagnosis Of Human Tumours., Eoghan O'Faolain Jan 2006

Potential Of Vibrational Spectroscopy In The Diagnosis Of Human Tumours., Eoghan O'Faolain

Doctoral

Just fewer than 20,000 people are annually diagnosed with some form of cancer in Ireland and one in three people are likely to contract some form of cancer by age 74. With the number of cases increasing at an annual rate of 2%, the early detection and treatment of cancer is becoming increasingly important. Both IR and Raman spectroscopy offer the potential for real time, quantitative detection of cancer and even precancer. This study investigates the potential of Raman and Fourier transform infrared, both benchtop and synchrotron spectroscopies for the detection of cervical cancer. The tissue was classified and ...


Synergistic Mitogenic Signaling Of The Tobacco Specific Carcinogen, 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone (Nnk) And Ethanol On Immortalized Human Pancreatic Duct Epithelial Cells, Mdf Askari, Ms Tsao, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard Schuller Dec 2005

Synergistic Mitogenic Signaling Of The Tobacco Specific Carcinogen, 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone (Nnk) And Ethanol On Immortalized Human Pancreatic Duct Epithelial Cells, Mdf Askari, Ms Tsao, Maria Cekanova, Hildegard Schuller

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

No abstract provided.