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2003

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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Study On The Wistar Rat Liver And Its Walker Tumor Chromatins By Fluorescence Lifetime And Calorimetric Measurements, Jianfei Zhao Nov 2003

Study On The Wistar Rat Liver And Its Walker Tumor Chromatins By Fluorescence Lifetime And Calorimetric Measurements, Jianfei Zhao

Jianfei Zhao

The structures of rat liver chrotin and its walker tumoral chromatin have been studied by fluorescence
lifetime , precision calorimetric determinat ions and energy transfer measurement .The results show
that the component with ethidium bromide inserting DNA in tumoral chromatin(TC)increases by 4.86 %
than that in normal chromatin(NC).The formation enthalpy of the complex from ethidium bromide and
DNA in TC is -15.38 kJ/mol and -13.25 kJ/mol for NC .The energy transfer efficiency between dansyl
chloride and acridine orange in labeled TC is lower than that in labeled NC .The mean donor-accepto r distance ...


Regulation Of Survivin Function By Hsp90, Paola Fortugno, Elena Beltrami, Janet Plescia, Jason Fontana, Deepti Pradhan, Pier Carlo Marchisio, William C. Sessa, Dario C. Altieri Nov 2003

Regulation Of Survivin Function By Hsp90, Paola Fortugno, Elena Beltrami, Janet Plescia, Jason Fontana, Deepti Pradhan, Pier Carlo Marchisio, William C. Sessa, Dario C. Altieri

Open Access Articles

Pathways controlling cell proliferation and cell survival require flexible adaptation to environmental stresses. These mechanisms are frequently exploited in cancer, allowing tumor cells to thrive in unfavorable milieus. Here, we show that Hsp90, a molecular chaperone that is central to the cellular stress response, associates with survivin, an apoptosis inhibitor and essential regulator of mitosis. This interaction involves the ATPase domain of Hsp90 and the survivin baculovirus inhibitor of apoptosis repeat. Global suppression of the Hsp90 chaperone function or targeted Abmediated disruption of the survivin-Hsp90 complex results in proteasomal degradation of survivin, mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest with mitotic ...


Live And Let Die: Regulatory Mechanisms In Fas-Mediated Apoptosis, James Curtin, Thomas Cotter Nov 2003

Live And Let Die: Regulatory Mechanisms In Fas-Mediated Apoptosis, James Curtin, Thomas Cotter

Articles

Activation of Fas receptor by Fas ligand causes caspase 8 activation and apoptosis in cells and is an important mechanism by which normal tissue homeostasis and function are maintained. Activation of caspase 8 is preceded by the formation of a death-inducing signalling complex (DISC), and a number of redundant mechanisms regulate DISC formation in vivo. Fas receptor is widely expressed in tissues, and dysfunction of the regulatory mechanisms in Fas receptor signalling has been reported in several diseases including autoimmune disease and cancer. This review aims to identify and discuss the various mechanisms employed by cells to alter their sensitivity ...


Defects In Death-Inducing Signalling Complex Formation Prevent Jnk Activation And Fas-Mediated Apoptosis In Du 145 Prostate Carcinoma Cells, James Curtin, Thomas Cotter Nov 2003

Defects In Death-Inducing Signalling Complex Formation Prevent Jnk Activation And Fas-Mediated Apoptosis In Du 145 Prostate Carcinoma Cells, James Curtin, Thomas Cotter

Articles

Androgen-independent prostate carcinomas are resistant to chemotherapy and cell lines derived from androgen-independent prostate carcinomas such as DU 145 cells are highly resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis. The incubation of DU 145 cells with anti-Fas IgM agonistic antibody of Fas receptor fails to activate JNK, a stress kinase involved in regulating apoptosis. We have previously shown that JNK activation is sufficient and necessary to promote Fas-mediated apoptosis in DU 145 cells. We investigate the mechanisms by which JNK activation and apoptosis are abrogated. HSP27 is overexpressed in DU 145 cells and has previously been reported to sequester DAXX and prevent JNK ...


Adam12 Induces Actin Cytoskeleton And Extracellular Matrix Reorganization During Early Adipocyte Differentiation By Regulating Beta1 Integrin Function, Nobuko Kawaguchi, Christina Sundberg, Marie Kveiborg, Behzad Moghadaszadeh, Meena Asmar, Nikolaj Dietrich, Charles Kumar Thodeti, Finn C. Nielsen, Peter Moller, Arthur M. Mercurio, Reidar Albrechtsen, Ulla M. Wewer Aug 2003

Adam12 Induces Actin Cytoskeleton And Extracellular Matrix Reorganization During Early Adipocyte Differentiation By Regulating Beta1 Integrin Function, Nobuko Kawaguchi, Christina Sundberg, Marie Kveiborg, Behzad Moghadaszadeh, Meena Asmar, Nikolaj Dietrich, Charles Kumar Thodeti, Finn C. Nielsen, Peter Moller, Arthur M. Mercurio, Reidar Albrechtsen, Ulla M. Wewer

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Changes in cell shape are a morphological hallmark of differentiation. In this study we report that the expression of ADAM12, a disintegrin and metalloprotease, dramatically affects cell morphology in preadipocytes, changing them from a flattened, fibroblastic appearance to a more rounded shape. We showed that the highest levels of ADAM12 mRNA were detected in preadipocytes at the critical stage when preadipocytes become permissive for adipogenic differentiation. Furthermore, as assessed by immunostaining, ADAM12 was transiently expressed at the cell surface concomitant with the reduced activity of beta1 integrin. Co-immunoprecipitation studies indicated the formation of ADAM12/beta1 integrin complexes in these preadipocytes ...


Nf-Kappab Activation In Premalignant Mouse Tal-1/Scl Thymocytes And Tumors, Jennifer Elinor O'Neil, Juan-Jose Ventura, Nicole M. Hermance, Michelle A. Kelliher Jun 2003

Nf-Kappab Activation In Premalignant Mouse Tal-1/Scl Thymocytes And Tumors, Jennifer Elinor O'Neil, Juan-Jose Ventura, Nicole M. Hermance, Michelle A. Kelliher

Open Access Articles

TAL-1/SCL activation is a common genetic event in pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Expression of tal-1/scl or a DNA binding mutant of tal-1/scl induces arrest of thymocyte development, resulting in decreases in double-positive and single-positive CD4 thymocytes. Moreover, nuclear p65/p50 heterodimers are detected in premalignant tal-1/scl and mut tal-1/scl thymocytes, suggesting that E2A depletion may induce developmental arrest and stimulate NF-kappaB activation. Increased NF-kappaB activity is also observed in tal-1/scl tumors and bcl-2 is overexpressed. To examine the contribution of NF-kappaB to tal-1/scl tumor growth in vivo, we expressed a mutant ...


Multiple Luteinizing Hormone Receptor (Lhr) Protein Variants, Interspecies Reactivity Of Anti-Lhr Mab Clone 3b5, Subcellular Localization Of Lhr In Human Placenta, Pelvic Floor And Brain, And Possible Role For Lhr In The Development Of Abnormal Pregnancy, Pelvic Floor Disorders And Alzheimer's Disease, A Bukovsky, K Indrapichate, H Fujiwara, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Me Ayala, R Dominguez, Mr Caudle, J Wimalsena, Rf Elder, P Copas, Jf Foster, Ri Fernando, Dc Henley, Nb Upadhyaya Jun 2003

Multiple Luteinizing Hormone Receptor (Lhr) Protein Variants, Interspecies Reactivity Of Anti-Lhr Mab Clone 3b5, Subcellular Localization Of Lhr In Human Placenta, Pelvic Floor And Brain, And Possible Role For Lhr In The Development Of Abnormal Pregnancy, Pelvic Floor Disorders And Alzheimer's Disease, A Bukovsky, K Indrapichate, H Fujiwara, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Me Ayala, R Dominguez, Mr Caudle, J Wimalsena, Rf Elder, P Copas, Jf Foster, Ri Fernando, Dc Henley, Nb Upadhyaya

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

Distinct luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR) protein variants exist due to the posttranslational modifications. Besides ovaries, LHR immunoreactivity (LHRI) was also found in other tissues, such as the brain, fallopian tube, endometrium, trophoblast and resident tissue macrophages. The 3B5 mouse monoclonal antibody was raised against purified rat LHR. In rat, porcine and human ovaries, the 3B5 identified six distinct LHR bands migrating at approximately 92, 80, 68, 59, 52 and 48 kDa. Characteristic LHRI was detected in rat, human and porcine corpora lutea. During cellular differentiation, subcellular LHR distribution changed from none to granular cytoplasmic, perinuclear, surface, nuclear and no staining ...


Placental Expression Of Estrogen Receptor Beta And Its Hormone Binding Variant--Comparison With Estrogen Receptor Alpha And A Role For Estrogen Receptors In Asymmetric Division And Differentiation Of Estrogen-Dependent Cells., A Bukovsky, M Caudle, Maria Cekanova, R Fernando, J Wimalasena, J Foster, D Henley, R Elder Apr 2003

Placental Expression Of Estrogen Receptor Beta And Its Hormone Binding Variant--Comparison With Estrogen Receptor Alpha And A Role For Estrogen Receptors In Asymmetric Division And Differentiation Of Estrogen-Dependent Cells., A Bukovsky, M Caudle, Maria Cekanova, R Fernando, J Wimalasena, J Foster, D Henley, R Elder

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

During human pregnancy, the production of 17-beta-estradiol (E2) rises steadily to eighty fold at term, and placenta has been found to specifically bind estrogens. We have recently demonstrated the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) protein in human placenta and its localization in villous cytotrophoblast (CT), vascular pericytes, and amniotic fibroblasts. In vitro, E2 stimulated development of large syncytiotrophoblast (ST) aggregates. In the present study we utilized ER-beta affinity purified polyclonal (N19:sc6820) and ER-alpha monoclonal (clone h-151) antibodies. Western blot analysis revealed a single approximately 52 kDa ER-beta band in chorionic villi (CV) protein extracts. In CV, strong cytoplasmic ...


The Effect Of Pkc 5 Inhibitors On Pma-Induced Apoptosis In Xenopus Laevis Splenocytes, Annie Crater Apr 2003

The Effect Of Pkc 5 Inhibitors On Pma-Induced Apoptosis In Xenopus Laevis Splenocytes, Annie Crater

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

Protein kinase C (PKC) controls apoptosis in amphibian systems such as that of the South African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis. The effects of cancer inducing agents like phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) when combined with Ca2+ independent PKC inhibitors on programmed cell death were studied in A laevis splenocytes. Regulation of PMA-activated cells was observed via Annexin V-FITC and propidium iodide assays, flow cytometry, and Western blot analysis. Results indicate the PKC inhibitors reduced both apoptosis and cell growth in PMA-stimulated X. laevis splenocytes compared to PMA alone. These results are valuable to future mammalian cancer research. By identifying the various ...


Expression And Localization Of Estrogen Receptor-Alpha Protein In Normal And Abnormal Term Placentae And Stimulation Of Trophoblast Differentiation By Estradiol, A Bukovsky, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Mr Caudle, J Wimalasena, Js Foster, Dc Henley, Rf Elder Feb 2003

Expression And Localization Of Estrogen Receptor-Alpha Protein In Normal And Abnormal Term Placentae And Stimulation Of Trophoblast Differentiation By Estradiol, A Bukovsky, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Mr Caudle, J Wimalasena, Js Foster, Dc Henley, Rf Elder

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Biology

Estrogens play an important role in the regulation of placental function, and 17-beta-estradiol (E2) production rises eighty fold during human pregnancy. Although term placenta has been found to specifically bind estrogens, cellular localization of estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) in trophoblast remains unclear. We used western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry with h-151 and ID5 monoclonal antibodies to determine the expression and cellular localization of ER-alpha protein in human placentae and cultured trophoblast cells. Western blot analysis revealed a ~65 kDa ER-alpha band in MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells (positive control). A similar band was detected in five normal term placentae exhibiting strong ...


Expression And Localization Of Estrogen Receptor-Alpha Protein In Normal And Abnormal Term Placentae And Stimulation Of Trophoblast Differentiation By Estradiol, A Bukovsky, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Mr Caudle, J Wimalasena, Js Foster, Dc Henley, Rf Elder Feb 2003

Expression And Localization Of Estrogen Receptor-Alpha Protein In Normal And Abnormal Term Placentae And Stimulation Of Trophoblast Differentiation By Estradiol, A Bukovsky, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Mr Caudle, J Wimalasena, Js Foster, Dc Henley, Rf Elder

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

Estrogens play an important role in the regulation of placental function, and 17-beta-estradiol (E2) production rises eighty fold during human pregnancy. Although term placenta has been found to specifically bind estrogens, cellular localization of estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) in trophoblast remains unclear. We used western blot analysis and immunohistochemistry with h-151 and ID5 monoclonal antibodies to determine the expression and cellular localization of ER-alpha protein in human placentae and cultured trophoblast cells. Western blot analysis revealed a ~65 kDa ER-alpha band in MCF-7 breast carcinoma cells (positive control). A similar band was detected in five normal term placentae exhibiting strong ...


Suppression Of Survivin Phosphorylation On Thr34 By Flavopiridol Enhances Tumor Cell Apoptosis, Nathan R. Wall, Daniel S. O'Connor, Janet Plescia, Yves Pommier, Dario C. Altieri Jan 2003

Suppression Of Survivin Phosphorylation On Thr34 By Flavopiridol Enhances Tumor Cell Apoptosis, Nathan R. Wall, Daniel S. O'Connor, Janet Plescia, Yves Pommier, Dario C. Altieri

Open Access Articles

Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis gene family that is expressed in most human cancers and may facilitate evasion from apoptosis and aberrant mitotic progression. Here, exposure of breast carcinoma MCF-7 or cervical carcinoma HeLa cells to anticancer agents, including Adriamycin, Taxol, or UVB resulted in a 4-5-fold increased survivin expression. Changes in survivin levels after anticancer treatment did not involve modulation of survivin mRNA expression and were independent of de novo gene transcription. Conversely, inhibition of survivin phosphorylation on Thr(34) by the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor flavopiridol resulted in loss of survivin expression, and nonphosphorylatable survivin ...


Placental Expression Of Estrogen Receptor Beta And Its Hormone Binding Variant – Comparison With Estrogen Receptor Alpha And A Role For Estrogen Receptors In Asymmetric Division And Differentiation Of Estrogen-Dependent Cells, Antonin Bukovsky, Michael R. Caudle, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Romaine I. Fernando, Jay Wimalasena, James S. Foster, Donald C. Henley, Robert F. Elder Jan 2003

Placental Expression Of Estrogen Receptor Beta And Its Hormone Binding Variant – Comparison With Estrogen Receptor Alpha And A Role For Estrogen Receptors In Asymmetric Division And Differentiation Of Estrogen-Dependent Cells, Antonin Bukovsky, Michael R. Caudle, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Romaine I. Fernando, Jay Wimalasena, James S. Foster, Donald C. Henley, Robert F. Elder

Faculty Publications and Other Works -- Biochemistry, Cellular and Molecular Biology

During human pregnancy, the production of 17-beta-estradiol (E2) rises steadily to eighty fold at term, and placenta has been found to specifically bind estrogens. We have recently demonstrated the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) protein in human placenta and its localization in villous cytotrophoblast (CT), vascular pericytes, and amniotic fibroblasts. In vitro, E2 stimulated development of large syncytiotrophoblast (ST) aggregates. In the present study we utilized ER-beta affinity purified polyclonal (N19:sc6820) and ER-alpha monoclonal (clone h-151) antibodies. Western blot analysis revealed a single ~52 kDa ER-beta band in chorionic villi (CV) protein extracts. In CV, strong cytoplasmic ER-beta ...


Placental Expression Of Estrogen Receptor Beta And Its Hormone Binding Variant – Comparison With Estrogen Receptor Alpha And A Role For Estrogen Receptors In Asymmetric Division And Differentiation Of Estrogen-Dependent Cells, Antonin Bukovsky, Michael R. Caudle, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Romaine I. Fernando, Jay Wimalasena, James S. Foster, Donald C. Henley, Robert F. Elder Dec 2002

Placental Expression Of Estrogen Receptor Beta And Its Hormone Binding Variant – Comparison With Estrogen Receptor Alpha And A Role For Estrogen Receptors In Asymmetric Division And Differentiation Of Estrogen-Dependent Cells, Antonin Bukovsky, Michael R. Caudle, Maria Cekanova Ms, Rndr, Phd, Romaine I. Fernando, Jay Wimalasena, James S. Foster, Donald C. Henley, Robert F. Elder

Maria Cekanova MS, RNDr, PhD

During human pregnancy, the production of 17-beta-estradiol (E2) rises steadily to eighty fold at term, and placenta has been found to specifically bind estrogens. We have recently demonstrated the expression of estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha) protein in human placenta and its localization in villous cytotrophoblast (CT), vascular pericytes, and amniotic fibroblasts. In vitro, E2 stimulated development of large syncytiotrophoblast (ST) aggregates. In the present study we utilized ER-beta affinity purified polyclonal (N19:sc6820) and ER-alpha monoclonal (clone h-151) antibodies. Western blot analysis revealed a single ~52 kDa ER-beta band in chorionic villi (CV) protein extracts. In CV, strong cytoplasmic ER-beta ...