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Cancer Biology Commons

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1994

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Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Integrin Alpha 6 Beta 4 Mediates Dynamic Interactions With Laminin, Aydin Tozeren, Hynda K. Kleinman, Stephen Wu, Arthur M. Mercurio, Stephen W. Byers Nov 1994

Integrin Alpha 6 Beta 4 Mediates Dynamic Interactions With Laminin, Aydin Tozeren, Hynda K. Kleinman, Stephen Wu, Arthur M. Mercurio, Stephen W. Byers

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

We present here a novel form of dynamic adhesion in which both the integrin receptor and the ligand supporting dynamic adhesion have been identified. Laminar flow assays showed that laminin supported attachment of alpha 6 beta 4-positive cells in the presence of fluid shear stress (tau < or = 2 dyn/cm2), indicating that these cells adhered to laminin within a fraction of a second. Further increases in flow rate (3.5 dyn/cm2 < or = tau < or = 100 dyn/cm2) initiated rolling of attached cells in the direction of flow, suggesting that rapidly formed adhesion is reversible and repeatable. Laminin fragment E8, which interacts with alpha 6 integrins, supported dynamic attachment and rolling but extracellular matrix glycoprotein fibronectin did not. In cell lines that express alpha 6 beta 4 but not alpha 6 beta 1 an anti-alpha 6 monoclonal antibody inhibited attachment to laminin in the presence of flow and following 5 minutes of static incubation. Infusion of this antibody onto cells adherent to laminin-coated slides led to rapid detachment of cells from the substratum. An anti-beta 1 monoclonal antibody diminished adhesion strength following static incubation but did not inhibit rapid attachment and flow-initiated rolling. These results indicate that in some alpha 6 beta 4-expressing epithelial and carcinoma cell lines, integrin alpha 6 beta 4 mediates rapidly formed dynamic interactions with laminin.


Regulation Of Cellular Interactions With Laminin By Integrin Cytoplasmic Domains: The A And B Structural Variants Of The Alpha 6 Beta 1 Integrin Differentially Modulate The Adhesive Strength, Morphology, And Migration Of Macrophages, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio Jun 1994

Regulation Of Cellular Interactions With Laminin By Integrin Cytoplasmic Domains: The A And B Structural Variants Of The Alpha 6 Beta 1 Integrin Differentially Modulate The Adhesive Strength, Morphology, And Migration Of Macrophages, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Several integrin alpha subunits have structural variants that are identical in their extracellular and transmembrane domains but that differ in their cytoplasmic domains. The functional significance of these variants, however, is unknown. In the present study, we examined the possibility that the A and B variants of the alpha 6 beta 1 integrin laminin receptor differ in function. For this purpose, we expressed the alpha 6A and alpha 6B cDNAs, as well as a truncated alpha 6 cDNA (alpha 6-delta CYT) in which the cytoplasmic domain sequence was deleted after the GFFKR pentapeptide, in P388D1 cells, an alpha 6 deficient ...


Liver Lipids Profiles In Nude Mice Implanted Subcutaneously With Cells Of Human Prostate Adenocarcinoma Grade Iv, Lawrence M. Mwasi Jan 1994

Liver Lipids Profiles In Nude Mice Implanted Subcutaneously With Cells Of Human Prostate Adenocarcinoma Grade Iv, Lawrence M. Mwasi

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Liver lipid changes in male BALB-c nude mice due to subcutaneously implanted human prostate metastatic grade IV adenocarcinoma was studied. The prostate cancer cells were cultured in F12 plus 7.5% horse serum and 25% fetal calf serum medium. When they reached confluence, some of these cells were fixed with glutaraldehyde and thoroughly washed with buffer then 4 x107 cells were implanted into four mice. Four more mice were implanted with 4 x 106 viable, unfixed cells. Four uninjected mice served as controls. All the mice were sacrificed 18 days later. The total liver lipids (TLL) from each liver were ...


Coping With The Risk Of Cancer In Children Living Near Power Lines, Eileen N. Abt Jan 1994

Coping With The Risk Of Cancer In Children Living Near Power Lines, Eileen N. Abt

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Ms. Abt briefly summarizes evidence linking power lines with a possible increase in risk of childhood cancer. She also recounts how, although many experts remain skeptical of causality, public fears, whether or not warranted, have themselves created serious problems. Finally, she proposes ways to address those problems.


Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez Jan 1994

Taking A Cat Map: Genome Analysis By Supercomputer, Jose V. Lopez

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Nuclear Matrix Proteins Distinguish Normal Diploid Osteoblasts From Osteosarcoma Cells, Joseph P. Bidwell, Edward G. Fey, Andre J. Van Wijnen, Sheldon Penman, Janet L. Stein, Jane B. Lian, Gary S. Stein Jan 1994

Nuclear Matrix Proteins Distinguish Normal Diploid Osteoblasts From Osteosarcoma Cells, Joseph P. Bidwell, Edward G. Fey, Andre J. Van Wijnen, Sheldon Penman, Janet L. Stein, Jane B. Lian, Gary S. Stein

Open Access Articles

Interrelationships between nuclear architecture and gene expression were examined by comparing the representation of nuclear matrix proteins in ROS 17/2.8 rat and MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells with those in normal diploid osteoblasts. The tumor-derived cells coexpress genes which are expressed in a sequential and mutually exclusive manner during the progressive stages of osteoblast differentiation. In osteosarcoma cells two-dimensional electrophoretic analysis indicates a composite representation of nuclear matrix proteins characteristic of both the proliferative and postproliferative periods of osteoblast phenotype development. In addition, nuclear matrix proteins unique to the tumor cells and the absence of nuclear matrix proteins found ...


Outpatient Administration Of Paclitaxel, Siu Fun Wong Jan 1994

Outpatient Administration Of Paclitaxel, Siu Fun Wong

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Paclitaxel (Taxol®, Bristol-Meyers Squibb), anti neoplastic agent made from the bark of the Pacific yew tree, is undoubtedly one of the most exciting agents to be evaluated over the past decade. Paclitaxel has demonstrated significant promise against ovarian and metastatic breast cancer, and appears to be the most effective single agent to date for non-small-cell lung cancer in trials conducted by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG).


Apoptotic Signals Delivered Through The T-Cell Receptor Of A T-Cell Hybrid Require The Immediate-Early Gene Nur77, Sallie Smith Schneider, Z.G. Lui, K.A. Mclaughlin, L.M. Schwartz, B.A. Osborne Dec 1993

Apoptotic Signals Delivered Through The T-Cell Receptor Of A T-Cell Hybrid Require The Immediate-Early Gene Nur77, Sallie Smith Schneider, Z.G. Lui, K.A. Mclaughlin, L.M. Schwartz, B.A. Osborne

Sallie W Smith Schneider

No abstract provided.