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Cancer Biology Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Stromal Fibroblasts Restrain The Rate Of Colon Cancer Progression And Metastasis By Suppressing Regulatory T Cells And Colon Cancer Stem Cells, Changsoo Kwak May 2017

Stromal Fibroblasts Restrain The Rate Of Colon Cancer Progression And Metastasis By Suppressing Regulatory T Cells And Colon Cancer Stem Cells, Changsoo Kwak

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

The initiation, progression, and metastasis of tumors involve not only cancer cells, but also the tumor microenvironment, which consists of immune or inflammatory cells, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and extracellular matrix components (ECM). Fibroblasts are ubiquitous stromal cells that can influence other neighboring cell types through the secretion of chemokines, cytokines, ECM, ECM remodeling enzymes, and other metabolites. Myofibroblasts are a distinct subtype of fibroblasts characterized by expression α-smooth muscle actin (αSMA). These cells are a dominant component of the microenvironment, and a FSP1 and FAP could be a different clone of fibroblasts. Myofibroblasts also have been known to contribute to ...


Car-Modified T Cells Capable Of Distinguishing Normal Cells From Malignant Cells, Hillary G. Caruso May 2014

Car-Modified T Cells Capable Of Distinguishing Normal Cells From Malignant Cells, Hillary G. Caruso

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

T cells can be redirected to target tumor-associated antigen (TAA) by genetic modification to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR), which fuses the specificity derived from an antibody to T-cell activation domains to result in lysis of TAA-expressing cells. Due to the potential for on-target, off-tissue toxicity, CAR+ T-cell therapy is currently limited to unique or lineage-restricted TAAs. Glioblastoma, a grade IV brain malignancy, overexpresses epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in 40-50% of patients. EGFR also has widespread normal tissue expression. To target EGFR on glioblastoma while reducing the potential for normal tissue toxicity, EGFR-specific CAR generated from cetuximab, Cetux-CAR ...


Characterization Of Differentiation And Prognostic Biomarkers On Cd8+ Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes In Metastatic Melanoma, Richard C. Wu May 2013

Characterization Of Differentiation And Prognostic Biomarkers On Cd8+ Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes In Metastatic Melanoma, Richard C. Wu

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) frequently infiltrate tumors, yet most melanoma patients fail to undergo tumor regression. We studied the differentiation of the CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) from 44 metastatic melanoma patients using known T-cell differentiation markers. We also compared CD8+ TIL against the T cells from matched melanoma patients’ peripheral blood. We discovered a novel subset of CD8+ TIL co-expressing early-differentiation markers, CD27, CD28, and a late/senescent CTL differentiation marker, CD57. This CD8+CD57+ TIL expressed a cytolytic enzyme, granzyme B (GB), yet did not express another cytolytic pore-forming molecule, perforin (Perf). In contrast, the CD8+CD57+ T ...


Enforced Expression Of Tbx1 In Fetal Thymic Epithelial Cells Antagonizes Thymus Organogenesis, Kim T. Cardenas Aug 2011

Enforced Expression Of Tbx1 In Fetal Thymic Epithelial Cells Antagonizes Thymus Organogenesis, Kim T. Cardenas

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Enforced expression of Tbx1 in fetal thymic epithelial cells antagonizes

thymus organogenesis

Kim T. Cardenas

The thymus and parathyroid glands originate from organ-specific domains of 3rd pharyngeal pouch (PP) endoderm. At embryonic day 11.5 (E11.5), the ventral thymus and dorsal parathyroid domains can be identified by Foxn1 and Gcm2 expression respectively. Neural crest cells, (NCCs) play a role in regulating patterning of 3rd PP endoderm. In addition, pharyngeal endoderm influences fate determination via secretion of Sonic hedgehog (Shh), a morphogen required for Gcm2 expression and generation of the parathyroid domain. Gcm2 is a downstream target of the transcription ...