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Cancer Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

The Role Of Semaphorin 5a In Pancreatic Cancer Progression And Metastasis, Sugandha Saxena Dr. May 2017

The Role Of Semaphorin 5a In Pancreatic Cancer Progression And Metastasis, Sugandha Saxena Dr.

Theses & Dissertations

Pancreatic cancer (PC) is an aggressive disease with an overall 5-year survival rate of less than 7%, statistics that have not changed in almost five decades. Metastasis is one of the leading causes of mortality in PC. Accumulating evidence suggests that axon guidance molecules, such as semaphorins, are involved in cancer progression, invasion, and metastasis. Recent genomic characterization of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma revealed aberration in axon guidance pathway genes as well. Previous reports from our laboratory have identified one such molecule Semaphorin5A (SEMA5A) as a putative cell adhesion molecule which is involved in organ-specific homing during PC metastasis. My dissertation ...


Role Of Cell Type And Genetic Alterations In Driving Breast Cancer Pathogenesis, Divya Bhagirath May 2016

Role Of Cell Type And Genetic Alterations In Driving Breast Cancer Pathogenesis, Divya Bhagirath

Theses & Dissertations

Breast cancer is the second most leading cause of death among women in the United States. Several environmental and genetic factors contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. It is classified into different subtypes based on expression of certain markers as well as that of set of genes that define the disease progression and associated mortality. Identification of various subtypes namely: Luminal-like (Luminal-A, Luminal-B), ErbB2 over-expressing, Basal-like and Claudin low types, showed an association of survival outcomes with that of the corresponding gene expression signatures, thus paving a way for therapeutic intervention. It further emphasizes the importance of nature of ...


The Role Of Tumor Suppressor Co-Chaperone Chip/Stub1 In Erbb2-Mediated Oncogenesis, Haitao Luan Dec 2015

The Role Of Tumor Suppressor Co-Chaperone Chip/Stub1 In Erbb2-Mediated Oncogenesis, Haitao Luan

Theses & Dissertations

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family member ErbB2 (Her2) is overexpressed in 20 -30% of invasive breast cancers and this overexpression correlates with poor prognosis and shorter overall as well as disease-free survival. Aberrant expression of ErbB2 through gene amplification, transcriptional deregulation and/or altered endocytic trafficking results in overexpression of ErbB2 at the plasma membrane and biases ErbB2 from primarily ligand-driven hetero-dimerization under normal expression conditions to increased ligand-independent homo-dimer and hetero-dimer formation and consequent activation. C-terminus of HSC70-Inteeracting protein (CHIP)/STIP1-homologous U-Box containing protein 1 (STUB1) is an HSP90/HSC70 interacting negative co-chaperone known to promote ubiquitination ...


Lgr5 Activates Tgfβ Signaling And Suppresses Metastasis In Colon Cancer, Xiaolin Zhou May 2015

Lgr5 Activates Tgfβ Signaling And Suppresses Metastasis In Colon Cancer, Xiaolin Zhou

Theses & Dissertations

Metastasis is the major cause of death in colorectal cancer patients, mainly due to the ineffectiveness of current therapies once metastases begin to form. Further insight into the biology of colorectal cancer metastasis is, therefore, essential in order to gain a greater understanding of this process and ultimately to develop better cancer therapies to prevent or target metastasis. LGR5 is leucine-rich repeat containing G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) and was discovered as a marker for proliferating adult stem cells in the small intestine. LGR5 and its homologs LGR4 and LGR6 are receptors of R-spondins (RSPOs), which are secreted agonists of canonical ...