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Cancer Biology Commons

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Theses & Dissertations

Colon cancer

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Molecular Mechanisms Regulating Myc And Pgc1Β Expression In Colon Cancer, Jamie L. Mccall May 2016

Molecular Mechanisms Regulating Myc And Pgc1Β Expression In Colon Cancer, Jamie L. Mccall

Theses & Dissertations

Identification and characterization of pathways specific to tumor cell survival, but absent in normal tissues, provide opportunities to develop effective cancer therapies with reduced toxicity to the patient. Kinase suppressor of Ras 1 (KSR1) is required for the survival of colorectal cancer (CRC) cells, but dispensable in normal cells. Using KSR1 as a reference standard, we identified EPH (erythropoietin-producing hepatocellular carcinoma) receptor (EPHB4) as a KSR1 functional analog.

We show here that, like KSR1, EPHB4 is aberrantly overexpressed in human CRC cells and selectively required for their survival. Both KSR1 and EPHB4 support tumor cell survival by promoting the expression ...


Lgr5 Activates Tgfβ Signaling And Suppresses Metastasis In Colon Cancer, Xiaolin Zhou May 2015

Lgr5 Activates Tgfβ Signaling And Suppresses Metastasis In Colon Cancer, Xiaolin Zhou

Theses & Dissertations

Metastasis is the major cause of death in colorectal cancer patients, mainly due to the ineffectiveness of current therapies once metastases begin to form. Further insight into the biology of colorectal cancer metastasis is, therefore, essential in order to gain a greater understanding of this process and ultimately to develop better cancer therapies to prevent or target metastasis. LGR5 is leucine-rich repeat containing G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) and was discovered as a marker for proliferating adult stem cells in the small intestine. LGR5 and its homologs LGR4 and LGR6 are receptors of R-spondins (RSPOs), which are secreted agonists of canonical ...