Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Cancer Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Nodal

Discipline
Publication Year

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Proteomic Characterization Of Ovarian And Breast Cancer Microenvironments For Improved Diagnostics And Therapeutic Targeting, Dylan Z. Dieters-Castator Jun 2018

Proteomic Characterization Of Ovarian And Breast Cancer Microenvironments For Improved Diagnostics And Therapeutic Targeting, Dylan Z. Dieters-Castator

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cancers exist within complex microenvironments formed by heterogeneous cell types. This diversity creates significant challenges for detection, diagnosis and treatment. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics is a powerful approach capable of characterizing complex biological systems which are characteristic of cancer biology. In this thesis, proteomics was utilized to answer several questions related to ovarian cancer diagnosis and detection, and the effects of NODAL, an embryonic morphogen, on the breast cancer secretome and stromal cell recruitment. First, I compared multiple sample preparation techniques and found high-pH/low-pH fractionation to yield the greatest proteome coverage over commonly used approaches. Second, I compared the proteomes ...


The Embryonic Protein Nodal Supports Metastatic Phenotypes In Breast Cancer, Daniela F. Quail Jun 2012

The Embryonic Protein Nodal Supports Metastatic Phenotypes In Breast Cancer, Daniela F. Quail

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Metastasis is the process by which tumour cells disseminate to distant organ sites. Aberrant expression of stem cell-associated proteins within tumours is associated with metastasis and poor patient prognosis. One example of a stem cell factor that is associated with cancer progression is Nodal, a member of the TGF-β superfamily. Nodal is normally limited to pluripotent stem cells during embryonic development, and to specialized dynamic adult tissue (such as the cycling endometrium), but is aberrantly re-expressed in multiple cancer types, including melanoma, glioma, prostate cancer, and pancreatic cancer. The central objective of this thesis is to determine the role of ...