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Cancer Biology Commons

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Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Proteomic Characterization Of Ovarian And Breast Cancer Microenvironments For Improved Diagnostics And Therapeutic Targeting, Dylan Z. Dieters-Castator Jun 2018

Proteomic Characterization Of Ovarian And Breast Cancer Microenvironments For Improved Diagnostics And Therapeutic Targeting, Dylan Z. Dieters-Castator

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Cancers exist within complex microenvironments formed by heterogeneous cell types. This diversity creates significant challenges for detection, diagnosis and treatment. Mass spectrometry-based proteomics is a powerful approach capable of characterizing complex biological systems which are characteristic of cancer biology. In this thesis, proteomics was utilized to answer several questions related to ovarian cancer diagnosis and detection, and the effects of NODAL, an embryonic morphogen, on the breast cancer secretome and stromal cell recruitment. First, I compared multiple sample preparation techniques and found high-pH/low-pH fractionation to yield the greatest proteome coverage over commonly used approaches. Second, I compared the proteomes ...


Mt1-Mmp Mediates The Migratory And Tumourigenic Potential Of Breast Cancer Cells Via Non-Proteolytic Mechanisms, Mario Cepeda Jan 2017

Mt1-Mmp Mediates The Migratory And Tumourigenic Potential Of Breast Cancer Cells Via Non-Proteolytic Mechanisms, Mario Cepeda

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Membrane Type-1 Matrix Metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a multifunctional protease that affects cell function via proteolytic and non-proteolytic mechanisms such as promoting degradation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) or augmentation of cell migration and viability, respectively. MT1-MMP has been implicated in metastatic progression ostensibly due to its ability to degrade ECM components and to allow migration of cells through the basement membrane. Despite in vitro studies demonstrating this principle, this knowledge has not translated into the use of MMP inhibitors (MMPi) that inhibit substrate catalysis as effective cancer therapeutics, or been corroborated by evidence of in vivo ECM degradation mediated by ...


The Role Of Connexins And Pannexins In Mammary Gland Development And Tumorigenesis, Michael K. G. Stewart Aug 2015

The Role Of Connexins And Pannexins In Mammary Gland Development And Tumorigenesis, Michael K. G. Stewart

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The identification of key regulators of breast cancer onset and progression is critical for the development of targeted therapies. Connexins and pannexins are characterized by their ability to form large-pore channels and are frequently dysregulated in cancer. However, their role in breast cancer progression remains poorly understood due to a lack of in vivo models capable of assessing the proposed and opposing roles of connexins and pannexins as both tumor suppressors and/or facilitators in multiple stages of the disease. Using 2 previously uncharacterized genetically-modified mice, connexin43 (Cx43) and connexin26 (Cx26) were evaluated for their role in normal mammary gland ...


The Lung Microenvironment Influences The Metastatic Behaviour Of Breast Cancer Cells In An Innovative 3d Ex Vivo Pulmonary Metastasis Model, Matt M. Piaseczny Jun 2015

The Lung Microenvironment Influences The Metastatic Behaviour Of Breast Cancer Cells In An Innovative 3d Ex Vivo Pulmonary Metastasis Model, Matt M. Piaseczny

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Lung metastasis remains a leading cause of death in breast cancer patients. This study established an innovative 3D ex vivo pulmonary metastasis assay (PuMA) to test the hypothesis that the lung microenvironment promotes metastatic behaviour of whole population and stem-like ALDHhiCD44+ breast cancer cells. Following in vivo delivery of breast cancer cells to mice, lungs were excised, maintained in culture and imaged to observe breast cancer growth over time. We observed metastatic progression of breast cancer cells in the PuMA, most notably of ALDHhiCD44+ cells which progressed rapidly from single cells to multicellular colonies over 21 ...


The Role Of Mir-526b In Cox-2 Mediated Human Breast Cancer Progression And Induction Of Stem-Like Phenotype Via Ep4 Receptor Signaling, Erin O. Landman Jun 2014

The Role Of Mir-526b In Cox-2 Mediated Human Breast Cancer Progression And Induction Of Stem-Like Phenotype Via Ep4 Receptor Signaling, Erin O. Landman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Our laboratory previously established that aberrant expression of cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 promotes breast cancer progression and metastasis via multiple mechanisms, including stem-like cell (SLC) induction, owing to activation of the prostaglandin E2 receptor EP4. COX-2 expression was linked to up-regulation of miRNA-526b. We hypothesized that miR-526b is regulated by EP4 activity, and that miR-526b supports breast cancer progression and induction of SLCs. Using stably miR-526b transfected MCF-7 and SKBR-3 cells in functional assays, including tumorsphere formation in vitro and lung colony formation in vivo, we observed enhanced migration, invasion, proliferation, tumorsphere formation, and in vivo tumorigenecity compared to controls. EP4 ...


The Embryonic Protein Nodal Supports Metastatic Phenotypes In Breast Cancer, Daniela F. Quail Jun 2012

The Embryonic Protein Nodal Supports Metastatic Phenotypes In Breast Cancer, Daniela F. Quail

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Metastasis is the process by which tumour cells disseminate to distant organ sites. Aberrant expression of stem cell-associated proteins within tumours is associated with metastasis and poor patient prognosis. One example of a stem cell factor that is associated with cancer progression is Nodal, a member of the TGF-β superfamily. Nodal is normally limited to pluripotent stem cells during embryonic development, and to specialized dynamic adult tissue (such as the cycling endometrium), but is aberrantly re-expressed in multiple cancer types, including melanoma, glioma, prostate cancer, and pancreatic cancer. The central objective of this thesis is to determine the role of ...