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Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Contribution Of Activating Transcription Factor 3 To Development Of Acinar-To-Ductal Cell Metaplasia, Jelena Toma Aug 2017

Contribution Of Activating Transcription Factor 3 To Development Of Acinar-To-Ductal Cell Metaplasia, Jelena Toma

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the third leading cause of cancer death in North America. The highest risk factor for PDAC is recurrent pancreatitis. While the link between PDAC and pancreatitis is unknown, de-differentiation of acinar cells is common to both diseases. Our lab has shown that Activating Transcription Factor 3 (ATF3), a factor upregulated during pancreatic injury, contributes to the development of acinar-to-ductal cell metaplasia (ADM), a precursor phenotype of PDAC. The goal of this study was to identify how ATF3 contributes to ADM. I hypothesize that ATF3 regulates acinar gene expression promoting ADM. We observed decreased ADM development ...


Inhibition Of Mt1-Mmp Proteolytic Function And Erk1/2 Signalling Influences Breast Cancer Cell Migration And Invasion Through Changes In Mmp-2 And Mmp-9 Expression, Caitlin L. Evered Aug 2016

Inhibition Of Mt1-Mmp Proteolytic Function And Erk1/2 Signalling Influences Breast Cancer Cell Migration And Invasion Through Changes In Mmp-2 And Mmp-9 Expression, Caitlin L. Evered

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Membrane-type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) is a multifunctional protease that invokes changes extracellularly via cleavages of ECM substrates, and intracellularly through induction of cell signalling cascades, both to influence cell behaviour and motility. The effects of MT1-MMP activation, MMP catalytic activity, and ERK1/2 signalling were examined by chemically or genetically altering each parameter. Regardless of treatment, expression of the two gelatinases, MMP-2 and -9, were always altered in an inverse relationship. This work proposes a pathway through active MT1-MMP initiation of ERK1/2 phosphorylation and subsequent targeting the NF-κB transcription factor, to ultimately influence MMP-9 expression. Modulation of MT1-MMP ...


The Role Of Connexins And Pannexins In Mammary Gland Development And Tumorigenesis, Michael K. G. Stewart Aug 2015

The Role Of Connexins And Pannexins In Mammary Gland Development And Tumorigenesis, Michael K. G. Stewart

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The identification of key regulators of breast cancer onset and progression is critical for the development of targeted therapies. Connexins and pannexins are characterized by their ability to form large-pore channels and are frequently dysregulated in cancer. However, their role in breast cancer progression remains poorly understood due to a lack of in vivo models capable of assessing the proposed and opposing roles of connexins and pannexins as both tumor suppressors and/or facilitators in multiple stages of the disease. Using 2 previously uncharacterized genetically-modified mice, connexin43 (Cx43) and connexin26 (Cx26) were evaluated for their role in normal mammary gland ...


Functional Significance Of Ilk-Elmo2 Interactions In Epidermal Keratinocytes, Ernest Ho Dec 2012

Functional Significance Of Ilk-Elmo2 Interactions In Epidermal Keratinocytes, Ernest Ho

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The epidermis consists of a basal layer of undifferentiated keratinocytes and multiple suprabasal layers of differentiated keratinocytes. Undifferentiated keratinocytes are adherent and highly motile, whereas differentiated keratinocytes are comparatively less motile and downregulate cell attachments to the extracellular matrix. Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a scaffold protein implicated in the regulation of many cellular functions in keratinocytes, including cell attachment, migration, phagocytosis, and protein trafficking. To determine the mechanisms by which ILK is involved in these processes, I sought to identify other proteins which may interact with ILK in keratinocytes. I identified Engulfment and Cell Motility 2 (ELMO2) to interact with ...