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Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Imp3 Expression Is Associated With Poor Outcome And Epigenetic Deregulation In Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma, Yuanyuan Gao, Michelle Yang, Zhong Jiang, Bruce A. Woda, Arthur M. Mercurio, Jianjie Qin, Xinli Huang, Feng Zhang Jun 2014

Imp3 Expression Is Associated With Poor Outcome And Epigenetic Deregulation In Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma, Yuanyuan Gao, Michelle Yang, Zhong Jiang, Bruce A. Woda, Arthur M. Mercurio, Jianjie Qin, Xinli Huang, Feng Zhang

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

IMP3 is a fetal protein not expressed in normal adult tissues. IMP3 is an oncoprotein and a useful biomarker for a variety of malignancies and is associated with reduced overall survival of a number of them. IMP3 expression and its prognostic value for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) have not been well investigated. The molecular mechanism underlying IMP3 expression in human cancer cells remains to be elucidated. Here we investigated IMP3 expression in ICC and adjacent nonneoplastic liver in 72 unifocal primary ICCs from a single institute by immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting, and real-time polymerase chain reaction. IMP3 was specifically expressed in ...


Regulated Splicing Of The Alpha6 Integrin Cytoplasmic Domain Determines The Fate Of Breast Cancer Stem Cells, Hira Lal Goel, Tatiana Gritsko, Bryan Pursell, Cheng Chang, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Jens Henrik Norum, Rune Toftgard, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio May 2014

Regulated Splicing Of The Alpha6 Integrin Cytoplasmic Domain Determines The Fate Of Breast Cancer Stem Cells, Hira Lal Goel, Tatiana Gritsko, Bryan Pursell, Cheng Chang, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Jens Henrik Norum, Rune Toftgard, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Although the alpha6beta1 integrin has been implicated in the function of breast and other cancer stem cells (CSCs), little is known about its regulation and relationship to mechanisms involved in the genesis of CSCs. We report that a CD44(high)/CD24(low) population, enriched for CSCs, is comprised of distinct epithelial and mesenchymal populations that differ in expression of the two alpha6 cytoplasmic domain splice variants: alpha6A and alpha6B. alpha6Bbeta1 expression defines the mesenchymal population and is necessary for CSC function, a function that cannot be executed by alpha6A integrins. The generation of alpha6Bbeta1 is tightly controlled and occurs as ...


Id2 Complexes With The Snag Domain Of Snai1 Inhibiting Snai1-Mediated Repression Of Integrin Beta4, Cheng Chang, Xiaofang Yang, Bryan Pursell, Arthur M. Mercurio Oct 2013

Id2 Complexes With The Snag Domain Of Snai1 Inhibiting Snai1-Mediated Repression Of Integrin Beta4, Cheng Chang, Xiaofang Yang, Bryan Pursell, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a fundamental process that underlies development and cancer. Although the EMT involves alterations in the expression of specific integrins that mediate stable adhesion to the basement membrane, such as alpha6beta4, the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Here, we report that Snai1 inhibits beta4 transcription by increasing repressive histone modification (trimethylation of histone H3 at K27 [H3K27Me3]). Surprisingly, Snai1 is expressed and localized in the nucleus in epithelial cells, but it does not repress beta4. We resolved this paradox by discovering that Id2 complexes with the SNAG domain of Snai1 on the beta4 promoter and constrains ...


Neuropilin-2 Promotes Branching Morphogenesis In The Mouse Mammary Gland, Hira Lal Goel, Donggoo Bae, Bryan M. Pursell, Lindsey M. Gouvin, Shaolei Lu, Arthur M. Mercurio Jul 2011

Neuropilin-2 Promotes Branching Morphogenesis In The Mouse Mammary Gland, Hira Lal Goel, Donggoo Bae, Bryan M. Pursell, Lindsey M. Gouvin, Shaolei Lu, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Although the neuropilins were characterized as semaphorin receptors that regulate axon guidance, they also function as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors and contribute to the development of other tissues. Here, we assessed the role of NRP2 in mouse mammary gland development based on our observation that NRP2 is expressed preferentially in the terminal end buds of developing glands. A floxed NRP2 mouse was bred with an MMTV-Cre strain to generate a mammary gland-specific knockout of NRP2. MMTV-Cre;NRP2(loxP/loxP) mice exhibited significant defects in branching morphogenesis and ductal outgrowth compared with either littermate MMTV-Cre;NRP2(+/loxP) or MMTV-Cre ...


Inhibition Of Bach1 (Fancj) Helicase By Backbone Discontinuity Is Overcome By Increased Motor Atpase Or Length Of Loading Strand, Rigu Gupta, Sudha Sharma, Kevin M. Doherty, Joshua A. Sommers, Sharon B. Cantor, Robert M. Brosh Dec 2006

Inhibition Of Bach1 (Fancj) Helicase By Backbone Discontinuity Is Overcome By Increased Motor Atpase Or Length Of Loading Strand, Rigu Gupta, Sudha Sharma, Kevin M. Doherty, Joshua A. Sommers, Sharon B. Cantor, Robert M. Brosh

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

The BRCA1 associated C-terminal helicase (BACH1) associated with breast cancer has been implicated in double strand break (DSB) repair. More recently, BACH1 (FANCJ) has been genetically linked to the chromosomal instability disorder Fanconi Anemia (FA). Understanding the roles of BACH1 in cellular DNA metabolism and how BACH1 dysfunction leads to tumorigenesis requires a comprehensive investigation of its catalytic mechanism and molecular functions in DNA repair. In this study, we have determined that BACH1 helicase contacts with both the translocating and the non-translocating strands of the duplex are critical for its ability to track along the sugar phosphate backbone and unwind ...


Transcriptional Activation Of Integrin Beta6 During The Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Defines A Novel Prognostic Indicator Of Aggressive Colon Carcinoma, Richard C. Bates, David I. Bellovin, Courtney Brown, Elizabeth Maynard, Bingyan Wu, Hisaaki Kawakatsu, Dean Sheppard, Peter Oettgen, Arthur M. Mercurio Jan 2005

Transcriptional Activation Of Integrin Beta6 During The Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Defines A Novel Prognostic Indicator Of Aggressive Colon Carcinoma, Richard C. Bates, David I. Bellovin, Courtney Brown, Elizabeth Maynard, Bingyan Wu, Hisaaki Kawakatsu, Dean Sheppard, Peter Oettgen, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

We used a spheroid model of colon carcinoma to analyze integrin dynamics as a function of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a process that provides a paradigm for understanding how carcinoma cells acquire a more aggressive phenotype. This EMT involves transcriptional activation of the beta6 integrin subunit and a consequent induction of alphavbeta6 expression. This integrin enhances the tumorigenic properties of colon carcinoma, including activation of autocrine TGF-beta and migration on interstitial fibronectin. Importantly, this study validates the clinical relevance of the EMT. Kaplan-Meier analysis of beta6 expression in 488 colorectal carcinomas revealed a striking reduction in median survival time of ...


Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 Is An Endogenous Inhibitor Of Snail Transcription: Implications For The Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition, Robin E. Bachelder, Sang-Oh Yoon, Clara Franci, Antonio Garcia De Herreros, Arthur M. Mercurio Jan 2005

Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 Is An Endogenous Inhibitor Of Snail Transcription: Implications For The Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition, Robin E. Bachelder, Sang-Oh Yoon, Clara Franci, Antonio Garcia De Herreros, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

We report that the activity of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is necessary for the maintenance of the epithelial architecture. Pharmacological inhibition of its activity or reducing its expression using small interfering RNAs in normal breast and skin epithelial cells results in a reduction of E-cadherin expression and a more mesenchymal morphology, both of which are features associated with an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Importantly, GSK-3 inhibition also stimulates the transcription of Snail, a repressor of E-cadherin and an inducer of the EMT. We identify NFkappaB as a transcription factor inhibited by GSK-3 in epithelial cells that is relevant for Snail expression ...


Adam12 Induces Actin Cytoskeleton And Extracellular Matrix Reorganization During Early Adipocyte Differentiation By Regulating Beta1 Integrin Function, Nobuko Kawaguchi, Christina Sundberg, Marie Kveiborg, Behzad Moghadaszadeh, Meena Asmar, Nikolaj Dietrich, Charles Kumar Thodeti, Finn C. Nielsen, Peter Moller, Arthur M. Mercurio, Reidar Albrechtsen, Ulla M. Wewer Aug 2003

Adam12 Induces Actin Cytoskeleton And Extracellular Matrix Reorganization During Early Adipocyte Differentiation By Regulating Beta1 Integrin Function, Nobuko Kawaguchi, Christina Sundberg, Marie Kveiborg, Behzad Moghadaszadeh, Meena Asmar, Nikolaj Dietrich, Charles Kumar Thodeti, Finn C. Nielsen, Peter Moller, Arthur M. Mercurio, Reidar Albrechtsen, Ulla M. Wewer

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Changes in cell shape are a morphological hallmark of differentiation. In this study we report that the expression of ADAM12, a disintegrin and metalloprotease, dramatically affects cell morphology in preadipocytes, changing them from a flattened, fibroblastic appearance to a more rounded shape. We showed that the highest levels of ADAM12 mRNA were detected in preadipocytes at the critical stage when preadipocytes become permissive for adipogenic differentiation. Furthermore, as assessed by immunostaining, ADAM12 was transiently expressed at the cell surface concomitant with the reduced activity of beta1 integrin. Co-immunoprecipitation studies indicated the formation of ADAM12/beta1 integrin complexes in these preadipocytes ...


Integrin (Alpha 6 Beta 4) Regulation Of Eif-4e Activity And Vegf Translation: A Survival Mechanism For Carcinoma Cells, Jun Chung, Robin E. Bachelder, Elizabeth A. Lipscomb, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio Jul 2002

Integrin (Alpha 6 Beta 4) Regulation Of Eif-4e Activity And Vegf Translation: A Survival Mechanism For Carcinoma Cells, Jun Chung, Robin E. Bachelder, Elizabeth A. Lipscomb, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

We define a novel mechanism by which integrins regulate growth factor expression and the survival of carcinoma cells. Specifically, we demonstrate that the alpha 6 beta 4 integrin enhances vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) translation in breast carcinoma cells. The mechanism involves the ability of this integrin to stimulate the phosphorylation and inactivation of 4E-binding protein (4E-BP1), a translational repressor that inhibits the function of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF-4E). The regulation of 4E-BP1 phosphorylation by alpha 6 beta 4 derives from the ability of this integrin to activate the PI-3K-Akt pathway and, consequently, the rapamycin-sensitive kinase mTOR that ...


Rhoa Function In Lamellae Formation And Migration Is Regulated By The Alpha6beta4 Integrin And Camp Metabolism, Kathleen L. O'Connor, B. K. Nguyen, Arthur M. Mercurio Jan 2000

Rhoa Function In Lamellae Formation And Migration Is Regulated By The Alpha6beta4 Integrin And Camp Metabolism, Kathleen L. O'Connor, B. K. Nguyen, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Clone A colon carcinoma cells develop fan-shaped lamellae and exhibit random migration when plated on laminin, processes that depend on the ligation of the alpha6beta4 integrin. Here, we report that expression of a dominant negative RhoA (N19RhoA) in clone A cells inhibited alpha6beta4-dependent membrane ruffling, lamellae formation, and migration. In contrast, expression of a dominant negative Rac (N17Rac1) had no effect on these processes. Using the Rhotekin binding assay to assess RhoA activation, we observed that engagement of alpha6beta4 by either antibody-mediated clustering or laminin attachment resulted in a two- to threefold increase in RhoA activation, compared with cells maintained ...


P53 Inhibits Alpha 6 Beta 4 Integrin Survival Signaling By Promoting The Caspase 3-Dependent Cleavage Of Akt/Pkb, Robin E. Bachelder, Mark J. Ribick, Alessandra Marchetti, Rita Falcioni, Silvia Soddu, Kathryn R. Davis, Arthur M. Mercurio Dec 1999

P53 Inhibits Alpha 6 Beta 4 Integrin Survival Signaling By Promoting The Caspase 3-Dependent Cleavage Of Akt/Pkb, Robin E. Bachelder, Mark J. Ribick, Alessandra Marchetti, Rita Falcioni, Silvia Soddu, Kathryn R. Davis, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Although the interaction of matrix proteins with integrins is known to initiate signaling pathways that are essential for cell survival, a role for tumor suppressors in the regulation of these pathways has not been established. We demonstrate here that p53 can inhibit the survival function of integrins by inducing the caspase-dependent cleavage and inactivation of the serine/threonine kinase AKT/PKB. Specifically, we show that the alpha6beta4 integrin promotes the survival of p53-deficient carcinoma cells by activating AKT/PKB. In contrast, this integrin does not activate AKT/PKB in carcinoma cells that express wild-type p53 and it actually stimulates their ...


Protein Kinase C-Dependent Mobilization Of The Alpha6beta4 Integrin From Hemidesmosomes And Its Association With Actin-Rich Cell Protrusions Drive The Chemotactic Migration Of Carcinoma Cells, Isaac Rabinovitz, Alex Toker, Arthur M. Mercurio Sep 1999

Protein Kinase C-Dependent Mobilization Of The Alpha6beta4 Integrin From Hemidesmosomes And Its Association With Actin-Rich Cell Protrusions Drive The Chemotactic Migration Of Carcinoma Cells, Isaac Rabinovitz, Alex Toker, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

We explored the hypothesis that the chemotactic migration of carcinoma cells that assemble hemidesmosomes involves the activation of a signaling pathway that releases the alpha6beta4 integrin from these stable adhesion complexes and promotes its association with F-actin in cell protrusions enabling it to function in migration. Squamous carcinoma-derived A431 cells were used because they express alpha6beta4 and migrate in response to EGF stimulation. Using function-blocking antibodies, we show that the alpha6beta4 integrin participates in EGF-stimulated chemotaxis and is required for lamellae formation on laminin-1. At concentrations of EGF that stimulate A431 chemotaxis ( approximately 1 ng/ml), the alpha6beta4 integrin is ...


Evidence That Distinct States Of The Integrin Alpha6beta1 Interact With Laminin And An Adam, M. S. Chen, E. A. Almeida, A. P. Huovila, Y. Takahashi, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio, J. M. White Feb 1999

Evidence That Distinct States Of The Integrin Alpha6beta1 Interact With Laminin And An Adam, M. S. Chen, E. A. Almeida, A. P. Huovila, Y. Takahashi, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio, J. M. White

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Integrins can exist in different functional states with low or high binding capacity for particular ligands. We previously provided evidence that the integrin alpha6beta1, on mouse eggs and on alpha6-transfected cells, interacted with the disintegrin domain of the sperm surface protein ADAM 2 (fertilin beta). In the present study we tested the hypothesis that different states of alpha6beta1 interact with fertilin and laminin, an extracellular matrix ligand for alpha6beta1. Using alpha6-transfected cells we found that treatments (e.g., with phorbol myristate acetate or MnCl2) that increased adhesion to laminin inhibited sperm binding. Conversely, treatments that inhibited laminin adhesion increased sperm ...


Release Of Camp Gating By The Alpha6beta4 Integrin Stimulates Lamellae Formation And The Chemotactic Migration Of Invasive Carcinoma Cells, Kathleen L. O'Connor, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio Dec 1998

Release Of Camp Gating By The Alpha6beta4 Integrin Stimulates Lamellae Formation And The Chemotactic Migration Of Invasive Carcinoma Cells, Kathleen L. O'Connor, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

The alpha6beta4 integrin promotes carcinoma in-vasion by its activation of a phosphoinositide 3-OH (PI3-K) signaling pathway (Shaw, L.M., I. Rabinovitz, H.H.-F. Wang, A. Toker, and A.M. Mercurio. Cell. 91: 949-960). We demonstrate here using MDA-MB-435 breast carcinoma cells that alpha6beta4 stimulates chemotactic migration, a key component of invasion, but that it has no influence on haptotaxis. Stimulation of chemotaxis by alpha6beta4 expression was observed in response to either lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) or fibroblast conditioned medium. Moreover, the LPA-dependent formation of lamellae in these cells is dependent upon alpha6beta4 expression. Both lamellae formation and chemotactic migration are ...


Endothelial Cells Assemble Two Distinct Alpha6beta4-Containing Vimentin-Associated Structures: Roles For Ligand Binding And The Beta4 Cytoplasmic Tail, Suzanne M. Homan, Arthur M. Mercurio, Susan E. Laflamme Aug 1998

Endothelial Cells Assemble Two Distinct Alpha6beta4-Containing Vimentin-Associated Structures: Roles For Ligand Binding And The Beta4 Cytoplasmic Tail, Suzanne M. Homan, Arthur M. Mercurio, Susan E. Laflamme

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

The alpha6beta4 laminin binding integrin functions in the assembly of type I hemidesmosomes, which are specialized cell-matrix adhesion sites found in stratified epithelial cells. Although endothelial cells do not express all the components of type I hemidesmosomes, endothelial cells can express the alpha6beta4 integrin. Because endothelial cells lose expression of alpha6beta4 in culture, we expressed recombinant alpha6beta4 in the dermal microvascular endothelial cell line, HMEC-1, to test whether endothelial cells can assemble adhesion structures containing alpha6beta4. Using immunofluorescence microscopy, we found that recombinant alpha6beta4 concentrates specifically in a novel fibrillar structure on the basal surface of endothelial cells in the ...


The Integrin Alpha6beta4 Functions In Carcinoma Cell Migration On Laminin-1 By Mediating The Formation And Stabilization Of Actin-Containing Motility Structures, Isaac Rabinovitz, Arthur M. Mercurio Feb 1998

The Integrin Alpha6beta4 Functions In Carcinoma Cell Migration On Laminin-1 By Mediating The Formation And Stabilization Of Actin-Containing Motility Structures, Isaac Rabinovitz, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Functional studies on the alpha6beta4 integrin have focused primarily on its role in the organization of hemidesmosomes, stable adhesive structures that associate with the intermediate filament cytoskeleton. In this study, we examined the function of the alpha6beta4 integrin in clone A cells, a colon carcinoma cell line that expresses alpha6beta4 but no alpha6beta1 integrin and exhibits dynamic adhesion and motility on laminin-1. Time-lapse videomicroscopy of clone A cells on laminin-1 revealed that their migration is characterized by filopodial extension and stabilization followed by lamellae that extend in the direction of stabilized filopodia. A function-blocking mAb specific for the alpha6beta4 integrin ...


Role Of E-Cadherin In The Response Of Tumor Cell Aggregates To Lymphatic, Venous And Arterial Flow: Measurement Of Cell-Cell Adhesion Strength, Stephen W. Byers, Connie L. Sommers, Becky Hoxter, Arthur M. Mercurio, Aydin Tozeren May 1995

Role Of E-Cadherin In The Response Of Tumor Cell Aggregates To Lymphatic, Venous And Arterial Flow: Measurement Of Cell-Cell Adhesion Strength, Stephen W. Byers, Connie L. Sommers, Becky Hoxter, Arthur M. Mercurio, Aydin Tozeren

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Defects in the expression or function of the calcium dependent cell-cell adhesion molecule E-cadherin are common in invasive, metastatic carcinomas. In the present study the response of aggregates of breast epithelial cells and breast and colon carcinoma cells to forces imposed by laminar flow in a parallel plate flow channel was examined. Although E-cadherin negative tumor cells formed cell aggregates in the presence of calcium, these were significantly more likely than E-cadherin positive cell aggregates to disaggregate in response to low shear forces, such as those found in a lymphatic vessel or venule (< 3.5 dyn/cm2). E-cadherin positive normal breast epithelial cells and E-cadherin positive breast tumor cell aggregates could not be disaggregated when exposed to shear forces in excess of those found in arteries (> 100 dyn/cm2). E-cadherin negative cancer cells ...


Integrin Alpha 6 Beta 4 Mediates Dynamic Interactions With Laminin, Aydin Tozeren, Hynda K. Kleinman, Stephen Wu, Arthur M. Mercurio, Stephen W. Byers Nov 1994

Integrin Alpha 6 Beta 4 Mediates Dynamic Interactions With Laminin, Aydin Tozeren, Hynda K. Kleinman, Stephen Wu, Arthur M. Mercurio, Stephen W. Byers

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

We present here a novel form of dynamic adhesion in which both the integrin receptor and the ligand supporting dynamic adhesion have been identified. Laminar flow assays showed that laminin supported attachment of alpha 6 beta 4-positive cells in the presence of fluid shear stress (tau < or = 2 dyn/cm2), indicating that these cells adhered to laminin within a fraction of a second. Further increases in flow rate (3.5 dyn/cm2 < or = tau < or = 100 dyn/cm2) initiated rolling of attached cells in the direction of flow, suggesting that rapidly formed adhesion is reversible and repeatable. Laminin fragment E8, which interacts with alpha 6 integrins, supported dynamic attachment and rolling but extracellular matrix glycoprotein fibronectin did not. In cell lines that express alpha 6 beta 4 but not alpha 6 beta 1 an anti-alpha 6 monoclonal antibody inhibited attachment to laminin in the presence of flow and following 5 minutes of static incubation. Infusion of this antibody onto cells adherent to laminin-coated slides led to rapid detachment of cells from the substratum. An anti-beta 1 monoclonal antibody diminished adhesion strength following static incubation but did not inhibit rapid attachment and flow-initiated rolling. These results indicate that in some alpha 6 beta 4-expressing epithelial and carcinoma cell lines, integrin alpha 6 beta 4 mediates rapidly formed dynamic interactions with laminin.


Regulation Of Cellular Interactions With Laminin By Integrin Cytoplasmic Domains: The A And B Structural Variants Of The Alpha 6 Beta 1 Integrin Differentially Modulate The Adhesive Strength, Morphology, And Migration Of Macrophages, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio Jun 1994

Regulation Of Cellular Interactions With Laminin By Integrin Cytoplasmic Domains: The A And B Structural Variants Of The Alpha 6 Beta 1 Integrin Differentially Modulate The Adhesive Strength, Morphology, And Migration Of Macrophages, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Several integrin alpha subunits have structural variants that are identical in their extracellular and transmembrane domains but that differ in their cytoplasmic domains. The functional significance of these variants, however, is unknown. In the present study, we examined the possibility that the A and B variants of the alpha 6 beta 1 integrin laminin receptor differ in function. For this purpose, we expressed the alpha 6A and alpha 6B cDNAs, as well as a truncated alpha 6 cDNA (alpha 6-delta CYT) in which the cytoplasmic domain sequence was deleted after the GFFKR pentapeptide, in P388D1 cells, an alpha 6 deficient ...


Regulation Of Alpha 6 Beta 1 Integrin Laminin Receptor Function By The Cytoplasmic Domain Of The Alpha 6 Subunit, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio Nov 1993

Regulation Of Alpha 6 Beta 1 Integrin Laminin Receptor Function By The Cytoplasmic Domain Of The Alpha 6 Subunit, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

The alpha 6 beta 1 integrin is expressed on the macrophage surface in an inactive state and requires cellular activation with PMA or cytokines to function as a laminin receptor (Shaw, L. M., J. M. Messier, and A. M. Mercurio. 1990. J. Cell Biol. 110:2167-2174). In the present study, the role of the alpha 6 subunit cytoplasmic domain in alpha 6 beta 1 integrin activation was examined. The use of P388D1 cells, an alpha 6-integrin deficient macrophage cell line, facilitated this analysis because expression of either the alpha 6A or alpha 6B subunit cDNAs restores their activation responsive laminin ...


The Integrin Alpha 6 Beta 4 Is A Laminin Receptor, Edward C. Lee, Margaret M. Lotz, Glenn D. Steele Jr., Arthur M. Mercurio May 1992

The Integrin Alpha 6 Beta 4 Is A Laminin Receptor, Edward C. Lee, Margaret M. Lotz, Glenn D. Steele Jr., Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

In this study, the putative laminin receptor function of the alpha 6 beta 4 integrin was assessed. For this purpose, we used a human cell line, referred to as clone A, that was derived from a highly invasive, colon adenocarcinoma. This cell line, which expresses the alpha 6 beta 4 integrin, adheres to the E8 and not to the P1 fragment of laminin. The adhesion of clone A cells to laminin is extremely rapid with half-maximal adhesion observed at 5 min after plating. Adhesion to laminin is blocked by GoH3, and alpha 6 specific antibody (60% inhibition), as well as ...


The Activation Dependent Adhesion Of Macrophages To Laminin Involves Cytoskeletal Anchoring And Phosphorylation Of The Alpha 6 Beta 1 Integrin, Leslie M. Shaw, Jeanne M. Messier, Arthur M. Mercurio Jun 1990

The Activation Dependent Adhesion Of Macrophages To Laminin Involves Cytoskeletal Anchoring And Phosphorylation Of The Alpha 6 Beta 1 Integrin, Leslie M. Shaw, Jeanne M. Messier, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

Macrophages require activation with either PMA (Mercurio, A. M., and L. M. Shaw. 1988. J. Cell Biol. 107:1873-1880) or interferon-gamma (Shaw, L. M., and A. M. Mercurio. 1989. J. Exp. Med. 169:303-308) to adhere to a laminin substratum. In the present study, we identified an integrin laminin receptor on macrophages and characterized cellular changes that occur in response to PMA activation that facilitate laminin adhesion. A monoclonal antibody (GoH3) that recognizes the integrin alpha 6 subunit (Sonnenberg, A., H. Janssen, F. Hogervorst, J. Calafat, and J. Hilgers. 1987. J. Biol. Chem. 262:10376-10383) specifically inhibited adhesion to laminin-coated ...


Human Colon Carcinoma Cells Use Multiple Receptors To Adhere To Laminin: Involvement Of Alpha 6 Beta 4 And Alpha 2 Beta 1 Integrins, Margaret M. Lotz, Cynthia A. Korzelius, Arthur M. Mercurio Feb 1990

Human Colon Carcinoma Cells Use Multiple Receptors To Adhere To Laminin: Involvement Of Alpha 6 Beta 4 And Alpha 2 Beta 1 Integrins, Margaret M. Lotz, Cynthia A. Korzelius, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

In this study, we used clone A, a human colon carcinoma cell line, to characterize those integrins that mediate colon carcinoma adhesion to laminin. Monoclonal antibodies specific for the human beta 1 subunit inhibited clone A adhesion to laminin. They also precipitated a complex of surface proteins that exhibited an electrophoretic behavior characteristic of alpha 2 beta 1 and alpha 3 beta 1. A monoclonal antibody specific for alpha 2 (PIH5) blocked clone A adhesion to laminin, as well as to collagen I. An alpha 3-specific antibody (P1B5) had no effect on clone A adhesion to laminin, even though it ...


Interferon Gamma And Lipopolysaccharide Promote Macrophage Adherence To Basement Membrane Glycoproteins, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio Jan 1989

Interferon Gamma And Lipopolysaccharide Promote Macrophage Adherence To Basement Membrane Glycoproteins, Leslie M. Shaw, Arthur M. Mercurio

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

The ability of thioglycollate (TG)-elicited peritoneal macrophages, a population of recently recruited monocytes, to adhere to the basement membrane glycoproteins laminin and type IV collagen is not a constitutive function of these cells. Adherence can be induced, however, by treatment with IFN-gamma and LPS. In general, IFN-gamma is more potent than LPS in promoting this adherence. Maximal adherence, however, is observed when IFN-gamma (greater than or equal to 5 U/ml) is used together with LPS (2.0 ng/ml). These requirements parallel the conditions needed to obtain tumoricidal activation of TG-elicited macrophages. Adherence to laminin, in the presence ...


Macrophage Interactions With Laminin: Pma Selectively Induces The Adherence And Spreading Of Mouse Macrophages On A Laminin Substratum, Arthur M. Mercurio, Leslie M. Shaw Nov 1988

Macrophage Interactions With Laminin: Pma Selectively Induces The Adherence And Spreading Of Mouse Macrophages On A Laminin Substratum, Arthur M. Mercurio, Leslie M. Shaw

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

The ability of thioglycollate (TG)-elicited mouse peritoneal macrophages to adhere to a laminin substratum has been studied. These cells do not adhere to laminin-coated (20 micrograms/ml) surfaces, but the addition of phorbol myristate acetate (PMA; 50 ng/ml) results in their rapid adherence and spreading on this substratum. TG-elicited and PMA-activated macrophages, however, can bind soluble laminin. Macrophages adhere to fibronectin-coated surfaces and tissue culture plastic without PMA stimulation, and PMA does not increase the number of cells that adhere to these surfaces. The predominant surface proteins that bind specifically to laminin-Sepharose exhibit an Mr of 67 and ...


Glycolipids Of The Mouse Peritoneal Macrophage. Alterations In Amount And Surface Exposure Of Specific Glycolipid Species Occur In Response To Inflammation And Tumoricidal Activation, Arthur M. Mercurio, Gerald A. Schwarting, Phillips W. Robbins Oct 1984

Glycolipids Of The Mouse Peritoneal Macrophage. Alterations In Amount And Surface Exposure Of Specific Glycolipid Species Occur In Response To Inflammation And Tumoricidal Activation, Arthur M. Mercurio, Gerald A. Schwarting, Phillips W. Robbins

Cancer Biology Publications and Presentations

We have characterized the major glycolipid constituents of the mouse peritoneal macrophage, and have demonstrated that alterations in the amount and in the accessibility of specific glycolipid species to galactose oxidase/NaB3H4 labeling, an indicator of glycolipid surface exposure, occur in response to inflammation and as a consequence of activation to a tumoricidal state. The key findings are: (a) Asialo GM1, a major neutral glycolipid constituent of all macrophage populations examined, is accessible to galactose oxidase/NaB3H4 labeling on the surface of TG-elicited and BCG-activated macrophages but not on resident macrophages; (b) GM1 is the predominant ganglioside constituent of the ...