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Biology

ID4

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Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Loss Of Id4 Promotes Stemness In Prostate Cancer Cells, Dhanushka Hewabostanthirige May 2019

Loss Of Id4 Promotes Stemness In Prostate Cancer Cells, Dhanushka Hewabostanthirige

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Inhibitor of differentiation 4 (ID4), a member of the helix-loop-helix family of transcriptional regulators has emerged as a tumor suppressor in prostate cancer (PCa). Recent studies have shown that Id4 is highly expressed in the normal prostate and decreases in prostate cancer due to epigenetic silencing. Id4 knockdown in androgen sensitive LNCaP cells has been shown to lead to castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) in vitro and in vivo. Id4-/- mice leads to underdeveloped prostate with PIN like lesions without the loss of Androgen Receptor (AR) expression. In this study we demonstrate that the loss of ID4 expression in PCa ...


Id4 Acts As A Tumor Suppressor Via P53: Mechanistic Insight, Derrick J. Morton Jr. May 2016

Id4 Acts As A Tumor Suppressor Via P53: Mechanistic Insight, Derrick J. Morton Jr.

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Overexpression of tumor-derived mutant p53 is a common event in tumorigenesis, suggesting an advantageous selective pressure in cancer initiation and progression. Given that p53 is found to be mutated in 50% of all human cancers, restoration of mutant p53 to its wild type biological function has been a widely sought after avenue for cancer therapy. Most research efforts have largely focused on restoration of mutant p53 by artificial means given that p53 has some degree of conformational flexibility allowing for introduction of short peptides and artificial compounds. Recently, theoretical modeling and studies focused on restoration of mutant p53 by physiological ...


Epigenetic Silencing Of Id4 In Prostate Cancer: Mechanistic Insight, Swathi Chinaranagari May 2015

Epigenetic Silencing Of Id4 In Prostate Cancer: Mechanistic Insight, Swathi Chinaranagari

Electronic Theses & Dissertations Collection for Atlanta University & Clark Atlanta University

Inhibitor of DNA binding/differentiation protein 4 (ID4) is a dominant negative regulator of basic helix loop helix (bHLH) family of transcription factors. ID4 shares the homology of HLH domain with other ID proteins (ID1, ID2, and ID3) and lack the basic DNA binding region. Evidence suggested that unlike ID1, ID2 and ID3, ID4 acts as a tumor suppressor in prostate cancer by attenuating cell proliferation and promoting apoptosis. Consistent with these observations ID4 is epigenetically silenced in DU145 prostate cancer cell line. In this study we investigated whether ID4 is also epigenetically silenced in prostate cancer. We also examined ...