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Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Discovery Of An Egfr Inhibitor For The Treatment Of Lung And Other Cancers, Jodie Meng '20 Nov 2019

Discovery Of An Egfr Inhibitor For The Treatment Of Lung And Other Cancers, Jodie Meng '20

Student Publications & Research

The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR), a transmembrane protein involved in the regulation of signaling pathways, is frequently overexpressed in epithelial tumors. First generation EGFR TKIs, such as erlotinib and gefitinib, traditionally improved outcomes for non-small-cell lung carcinoma and pancreatic cancer patients by attaching competitively and reversibly to the ATP binding domain of EGFR. Second-generation EGFR TKIs have been developed to combat resistance among patients, despite demonstrating toxic side effects. In the present study, 1400 selective inhibitors were designed based on the molecular scaffolds of first and second generation EGFR TKIs. Results were refined by parameters outlined in Lipinski’s ...


Unified Methods For Feature Selection In Large-Scale Genomic Studies With Censored Survival Outcomes, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan Mar 2019

Unified Methods For Feature Selection In Large-Scale Genomic Studies With Censored Survival Outcomes, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan

COBRA Preprint Series

One of the major goals in large-scale genomic studies is to identify genes with a prognostic impact on time-to-event outcomes which provide insight into the disease's process. With rapid developments in high-throughput genomic technologies in the past two decades, the scientific community is able to monitor the expression levels of tens of thousands of genes and proteins resulting in enormous data sets where the number of genomic features is far greater than the number of subjects. Methods based on univariate Cox regression are often used to select genomic features related to survival outcome; however, the Cox model assumes proportional ...


Supervised Dimension Reduction For Large-Scale "Omics" Data With Censored Survival Outcomes Under Possible Non-Proportional Hazards, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan Mar 2019

Supervised Dimension Reduction For Large-Scale "Omics" Data With Censored Survival Outcomes Under Possible Non-Proportional Hazards, Lauren Spirko-Burns, Karthik Devarajan

COBRA Preprint Series

The past two decades have witnessed significant advances in high-throughput ``omics" technologies such as genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and radiomics. These technologies have enabled simultaneous measurement of the expression levels of tens of thousands of features from individual patient samples and have generated enormous amounts of data that require analysis and interpretation. One specific area of interest has been in studying the relationship between these features and patient outcomes, such as overall and recurrence-free survival, with the goal of developing a predictive ``omics" profile. Large-scale studies often suffer from the presence of a large fraction of censored observations and potential ...


Pyruvate Kinase Isoform M2 Influences Autophagy And Related Processes In Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells, Matthew Lin May 2018

Pyruvate Kinase Isoform M2 Influences Autophagy And Related Processes In Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells, Matthew Lin

University Scholar Projects

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common form of liver cancer that affects ~14 million people in the world. Like all cancers, HCC is a disease that arises from unstinted cellular growth initiated by genetic alterations, metabolic changes, and dysregulation in key cellular pathways. Of interest is the relationship between metabolism and cell proliferation/degradation for therapeutic targeting. Pyruvate kinase M2 is a dimeric, glycolytically inactive isoform of the final enzyme involved in glycolysis, that is often upregulated in cancerous tissue. It is thought that the enzymatic function of PKM2 outside of glycolysis contributes to the biosynthesis of anabolic intermediates ...


Dicer1 Syndrome: Dicer1 Mutations In Rare Cancers, Jake C. Robertson, Cheryl L. Jorcyk, Julia Thom Oxford May 2018

Dicer1 Syndrome: Dicer1 Mutations In Rare Cancers, Jake C. Robertson, Cheryl L. Jorcyk, Julia Thom Oxford

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

DICER1 syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that predisposes individuals to multiple cancer types. Through mutations of the gene encoding the endoribonuclease, Dicer, DICER1 syndrome disrupts the biogenesis and processing of miRNAs with subsequent disruption in control of gene expression. Since the first description of DICER1 syndrome, case reports have documented novel germline mutations of the DICER1 gene in patients with cancers as well as second site mutations that alter the function of the Dicer protein expressed. Here, we present a review of mutations in the DICER1 gene, the respective protein sequence changes, and clinical manifestations of DICER1 syndrome. Directions ...


Impact Of Ros Presence On Oncogenic Ras Activity, Chris Andersen Jan 2018

Impact Of Ros Presence On Oncogenic Ras Activity, Chris Andersen

Summer Research

Previous research has suggested a connection between oncogenic Ras and the cell’s levels of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). The underlying cellular mechanism is not well understood. To investigate this connection, we applied the UAS-GAL4 system in Drosophila melanogaster flies to control the expression of Ras and Keap1, a key redox regulator.2 We expected the activity of Ras to vary with its redox environment and thus impact protein activity downstream of Ras signaling cascades. In monitoring three proteins downstream of Ras—Dcp-1, Akt, and MAPK—we aimed to determine which pathways were impacted by ROS modulation.


Using Crispr To Induce A Knock-Out Of Dprl-1 In Drosophila Melanogaster, Alicia Walker Jan 2018

Using Crispr To Induce A Knock-Out Of Dprl-1 In Drosophila Melanogaster, Alicia Walker

Summer Research

Phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL) is a protein that controls cell processes such as growth and division which has unknown targets. PRL has been found to have both oncogenic and tumor suppressive properties. This study aimed to create a knock out of PRL in Drosohpila melanogaster in order to assess its role in development and in order to illuminate its activity when it is expressed in cancers. We hypothesize that dPRL-1 plays an important role in embryogenesis and that the progeny which lack this gene will be unviable. The CRISPR/Cas9 system was selected as the method in which to ...


Integrative Microrna And Mrna Deep-Sequencing Expression Profiling In Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma, Cliff I. Oduor, Yasin Kaymaz, Kiprotich Chelimo, Juliana A. Otieno, John Michael Ong'echa, Ann M. Moormann, Jeffrey A. Bailey Nov 2017

Integrative Microrna And Mrna Deep-Sequencing Expression Profiling In Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma, Cliff I. Oduor, Yasin Kaymaz, Kiprotich Chelimo, Juliana A. Otieno, John Michael Ong'echa, Ann M. Moormann, Jeffrey A. Bailey

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

BACKGROUND: Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is characterized by overexpression of the c-myc oncogene, which in the vast majority of cases is a consequence of an IGH/MYC translocation. While myc is the seminal event, BL is a complex amalgam of genetic and epigenetic changes causing dysregulation of both coding and non-coding transcripts. Emerging evidence suggest that abnormal modulation of mRNA transcription via miRNAs might be a significant factor in lymphomagenesis. However, the alterations in these miRNAs and their correlations to their putative mRNA targets have not been extensively studied relative to normal germinal center (GC) B cells.

METHODS: Using more sensitive ...


The Effect Of Target-Specific Biomolecules In Breast Cancer, Mohannad Garoub Jun 2017

The Effect Of Target-Specific Biomolecules In Breast Cancer, Mohannad Garoub

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cancer is the second leading cause of mortality in the United States and the World, therefore, early effective prevention, diagnosis, and therapy is needed. Estrogens play a major role in the initiation and progression of breast cancer. Elevated lifetime exposure to estrogens is associated with an increased risk of developing breast cancer. Estrogens through influencing mitochondria contribute to estrogen induced breast carcinogenesis; however, the exact mitochondrial mechanisms underlying the estrogen carcinogenic effect in breast tissue are not clearly understood. For this dissertation, the mitotoxic and cytotoxic effects of triphenylphosphonium cation (TPP) and Origanum majorana organic extract (OME) as well as ...


Identification And Phenotypic Plasticity Of Metastatic Cells In A Mouse Model Of Melanoma, Xiaoshuang Li Jun 2017

Identification And Phenotypic Plasticity Of Metastatic Cells In A Mouse Model Of Melanoma, Xiaoshuang Li

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer due to its high propensity to metastasize and resistance to current therapies. We have created a spontaneous mouse model of metastatic melanoma (Dct-Grm1/K5-Edn3) where metastasis to the lungs is 80% penetrant. The primary tumors of these mice present cellular heterogeneity with cells at varying levels of differentiation. The main goal of this study was to determine the metastatic potential of the primary tumor resident Tyrosinase positive cells and evaluate the dynamic phenotypic changes as those cells move from the primary tumors to the sites of metastasis. To accomplish this aim I ...


Discrete Mutations In Colorectal Cancer Correlate With Defined Microbial Communities In The Tumor Microenvironment, Michael B. Burns, Emmanuel Montassier, Juan Abrahante, Timothy K. Starr, Dan Knights, Ran Blekhman Dec 2016

Discrete Mutations In Colorectal Cancer Correlate With Defined Microbial Communities In The Tumor Microenvironment, Michael B. Burns, Emmanuel Montassier, Juan Abrahante, Timothy K. Starr, Dan Knights, Ran Blekhman

Biology: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Variation in the gut microbiome has been linked to colorectal cancer (CRC), as well as to host genetics. However, we do not know whether genetic mutations in CRC tumors interact with the structure and composition of the microbial communities surrounding the tumors, and if so, whether changes in the microbiome can be used as a predictor for tumor mutational status. Here, we characterized the association between CRC tumor mutational landscape and its proximal microbial communities by performing whole exome sequencing and microbiome profiling in tumors and normal colorectal tissue samples from the same patient. We find a significant association between ...


The Msi Family Of Rna-Binding Proteins Function Redundantly As Intestinal Oncoproteins, Ning Li, Maryam Yousefi, Angela Nakauka-Ddamba, Fan Li, Lee Vandivier, Kimberly Parada, Dong-Hun Woo, Shan Wang, Ammar S. Naqvi, Shilpa Rao, John Tobias, Ryan J. Cedeno, Gerard Minuesa, Katz Y, Trevor S. Barlowe, Alexander James Valvezan, Sheila Shankar, Raquel R. Deering, Peter S. Klein, Shane T. Jensen, Michael G. Kharas, Brian D. Gregory, Zhengquan Yu, Christopher J. Lengner Dec 2015

The Msi Family Of Rna-Binding Proteins Function Redundantly As Intestinal Oncoproteins, Ning Li, Maryam Yousefi, Angela Nakauka-Ddamba, Fan Li, Lee Vandivier, Kimberly Parada, Dong-Hun Woo, Shan Wang, Ammar S. Naqvi, Shilpa Rao, John Tobias, Ryan J. Cedeno, Gerard Minuesa, Katz Y, Trevor S. Barlowe, Alexander James Valvezan, Sheila Shankar, Raquel R. Deering, Peter S. Klein, Shane T. Jensen, Michael G. Kharas, Brian D. Gregory, Zhengquan Yu, Christopher J. Lengner

Departmental Papers (Biology)

Members of the Msi family of RNA-binding proteins have recently emerged as potent oncoproteins in a range of malignancies. MSI2 is highly expressed in hematopoietic cancers, where it is required for disease maintenance. In contrast to the hematopoietic system, colorectal cancers can express both Msi family members, MSI1 and MSI2. Here, we demonstrate that, in the intestinal epithelium, Msi1 and Msi2 have analogous oncogenic effects. Further, comparison of Msi1/2-induced gene expression programs and transcriptome-wide analyses of Msi1/2-RNA-binding targets reveal significant functional overlap, including induction of the PDK-Akt-mTORC1 axis. Ultimately, we demonstrate that concomitant loss of function of both ...


The Role Of Endothelin 3 In Melanoma Progression And Metastasis, Nikeisha L. Chin Nov 2015

The Role Of Endothelin 3 In Melanoma Progression And Metastasis, Nikeisha L. Chin

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Endothelin receptor b (Ednrb) and its ligand Endothelin 3 (Edn3) have been implicated in melanoma. Several studies have shown an upregulation of EDNRB and EDN3 at both the protein and mRNA levels, as melanoma becomes more aggressive. This study investigated the putative role played by Edn3 over-expression in melanoma progression and angiogenesis in vivo. We crossed Tg(Grm1)Epv transgenic mice that aberrantly express metabotropic glutamate receptor1 under the Dopachrome tautomerase promoter, leading to spontaneous melanocytic lesions in the ears and tails that do not metastasize, with transgenics that overexpress Edn3 under the Keratin 5 promoter (K5-Edn3) or overexpress Ednrb ...


The Role Of The Pleckstrin Homology Domain-Containing Protein Ckip-1 In Activation Of P21-Activated Kinase 1 (Pak1), Yong-Bae Kim, Yong Jae Shin, Adhiraj Roy, Jeong-Ho Kim Jul 2015

The Role Of The Pleckstrin Homology Domain-Containing Protein Ckip-1 In Activation Of P21-Activated Kinase 1 (Pak1), Yong-Bae Kim, Yong Jae Shin, Adhiraj Roy, Jeong-Ho Kim

Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications

Upon growth factor stimulation, PAK1 is recruited to the plasma membrane and activated by a mechanism that requires its phosphorylation at S223 by the protein kinase CK2. However, the upstream signaling molecules that regulate this phosphorylation event are not clearly defined. Here, we demonstrate a major role of the CK2α-interacting protein CKIP-1 in activation of PAK1. CK2α, CKIP-1 and PAK1 are translocated to membrane ruffles in response to the epidermal growth factor (EGF), where CKIP-1 mediates the interaction between CK2α, and PAK1 in a PI3K-dependent manner. Consistently, we observe that PAK1 mediates phosphorylation and modulation of the activity of p41-Arc ...


Defining The Sites Of Interaction Of The Fancd2, Fance, And Fancl Proteins, Joseph Mcclanaghan May 2014

Defining The Sites Of Interaction Of The Fancd2, Fance, And Fancl Proteins, Joseph Mcclanaghan

Senior Honors Projects

Fanconi anemia (FA) is a rare genetic disease characterized by congenital defects, bone marrow failure and increased cancer susceptibility. FA is caused by mutations in any one of 16 genes. These genes encode for proteins that function in the FA-BRCA pathway to repair damaged DNA. Because of its important r­­­ole in DNA repair, this pathway is considered a major cellular tumor suppressor pathway, i.e. is critical for the prevention of cancer. Underscoring this fact, several of the FA genes - including BRCA2, BRIP1, PALB2, and RAD51C - are bona fide breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility genes.

My project involves studying ...


Quantification Of Protoporphyrin Ix Accumulation In Glioblastoma Cells – A New Technique, John E Lawrence Jan 2014

Quantification Of Protoporphyrin Ix Accumulation In Glioblastoma Cells – A New Technique, John E Lawrence

Journal Articles

5-Aminolevulinic Acid (5-ALA) is a precursor of heme synthesis. A metabolite, protoporphyrin IX (PpIX), selectively accumulates in neoplastic tissue including glioblastoma. Presurgical administration of 5-ALA forms the basis of fluorescence-guided resection (FGR) of glioblastoma (GBM) tumors. However, not all gliomas accumulate sufficient quantities of PpIX to fluoresce, thus limiting the utility of FGR. We therefore developed an assay to determine cellular and pharmacological factors that impact PpIX fluorescence in GBM. This assay takes advantage of a GBM cell line engineered to express yellow fluorescent protein. Methods. The human GBM cell line U87MG was transfected with a YFP expression vector. After ...


5Α-Dihydrotestosterone And The Wnt/Β-Catenin Pathway In Danio Rerio Ovarian Tissue Following 2 And 4 Hour Incubations, Macaulie Casey Jan 2014

5Α-Dihydrotestosterone And The Wnt/Β-Catenin Pathway In Danio Rerio Ovarian Tissue Following 2 And 4 Hour Incubations, Macaulie Casey

Summer Research

The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway regulates genes involved in proliferation and apoptosis. These two traits are hallmarks of cancer cells, which grow excessively and demonstrate low mortality. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway has been implicated in ovarian cancer, specifically epithelial ovarian cancer, wherein higher levels of β-catenin may be involved in the development of tumors. Ovarian epithelial tissue also displays high quantities of androgen receptors and thus may be more susceptible to changes in androgen concentration. This study investigated whether exogenous testosterone (DHT) utilized the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in Danio rerio ovarian tissue by monitoring β-catenin and GSK-3β mRNA expression through ...


Clinical Features And Outcome Of Sporadic Colorectal Carcinoma In Young Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis From A Developing Country, Muhammad Nauman Zahir, Eisha Mahpara Azhar, Sobia Rafiq, Kulsoom Ghias, Munira Shabbir-Moosajee Jan 2014

Clinical Features And Outcome Of Sporadic Colorectal Carcinoma In Young Patients: A Cross-Sectional Analysis From A Developing Country, Muhammad Nauman Zahir, Eisha Mahpara Azhar, Sobia Rafiq, Kulsoom Ghias, Munira Shabbir-Moosajee

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background: Early onset colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is rare and has been hypothesized to be a biologically and clinically distinct entity personifying aggressive disease and worse survival.
Methods: Data for 131 patients was collected by retrospective chart review. Cox proportional hazard model was used to compute prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals.
Results: Early onset sporadic CRC accounted for 32% of all CRC treated in the specified time period. The mean age was 33.3 ± 7.9 years and the male to female ratio was 2 : 1. Colon and rectal cancers accounted for 55% and 45% of patients, respectively. 96% of ...


Smokeless Tobacco Use: A Risk Factor For Hyperhomocysteinemia In A Pakistani Population, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal, Mohsin Yakub Dec 2013

Smokeless Tobacco Use: A Risk Factor For Hyperhomocysteinemia In A Pakistani Population, Mohammad Perwaiz Iqbal, Mohsin Yakub

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

Background

Smokeless tobacco (ST) use is highly prevalent in the South Asian populations. While there have been a number of reports on association of ST consumption with cancer, very few studies have been conducted to investigate its relationship with cardiovascular disease. Hyperhomocysteinemia is a well-recognized risk factor for cardiovascular disease; however, its association with ST use has never been investigated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of ST use with hyperhomocysteinemia in an urban Pakistani population.

Methodology/Principal Findings

In a cross-sectional study for assessment of risks of hyperhomocysteinemia, 872 healthy adults (355 males and 517 ...


Directed Cell Migration In Multi-Cue Environments, Laura Lara Rodriguez, Ian C. Schneider Oct 2013

Directed Cell Migration In Multi-Cue Environments, Laura Lara Rodriguez, Ian C. Schneider

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Cell migration plays a critical role in development, angiogenesis, immune response, wound healing and cancer metastasis. During these processes, cells are often directed to migrate towards targets by sensing aligned fibers or gradients in concentration, mechanical properties or electric field. Often times, cells must integrate migrational information from several of these different cues. While the cell migration behavior, signal transduction and cytoskeleton dynamics elicited by individual directional cues has been largely determined, responses to multiple directional cues are much less understood. However, initial work has pointed to several interesting behaviors in multi-cue environments, including competition and cooperation between cues to ...


Stiffness And Modulus And Independent Controllers Of Breast Cancer Metastasis, Dannielle Ryman Jan 2013

Stiffness And Modulus And Independent Controllers Of Breast Cancer Metastasis, Dannielle Ryman

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

One out of eight women in the United States will develop breast cancer during their lifetime. Ninety percent of cancer related deaths are due to metastasis. Metastasis is the biological process where individual or aggregate cancerous cells break away from the primary tumor site and colonize distant, non-adjacent locations throughout the body. It is my objectives to study how mechanical, topographical and biochemical cues affect metastatic breast cancer metastasis at an early developmental stage. ECM components have previously been shown to affect cell motility via ligand-receptor interactions, and physical cues, such as matrix stiffness and protein density. The primary tumor ...


Examining The Functional Role Of Dprl-1 In Drosophila Melanogaster, John Valenzuela Jan 2013

Examining The Functional Role Of Dprl-1 In Drosophila Melanogaster, John Valenzuela

Summer Research

The Phosphatase of Regenerating Liver (PRL) family of proteins control cell growth, motility and proliferation. They have been shown to elevate the levels of these functions, leading to an increase in cancer metastasis (“malignancy”), when they are overexpressed. The goal of this experiment is to knockout PRL gene expression to examine the general function of PRL proteins. Drosophila melanogaster have only one copy of the PRL gene (dPRL-1), as opposed to humans and other mammals, which have 3. Thus, using P-element imprecise excision to create mutant strains either fully lacking or with decreased function of the dPRL-1 protein, I propose ...


Using Fruit Flies To Investigate A Cancer Metastasis Biomarker: A Study Of Mammalian Prl-3 Function, Chris Large Jan 2013

Using Fruit Flies To Investigate A Cancer Metastasis Biomarker: A Study Of Mammalian Prl-3 Function, Chris Large

Summer Research

Phosphatase of Regenerating Liver 3 (PRL-3), a human protein in the Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase (PTP) gene family, has been highly correlated with cancer’s ability to metastasis in numerous types of cancer. Until recently, this was thought to be the primary function of PRL-3 within mammalian cancer cells, but Basak et al., (2008) found that PRL-3 could have function in inhibiting cellular growth, a contradicting cellular response. Further research was done by Pagarigan et al., (2013) using fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) as a model. Their findings echoed these claims and showed that specific structural portions of dPRL-1, fruit flies’ only ...


Matrix Gla Protein Reinforces Angiogenic Resolution, Bikram Sharma, Allan R. Albig Jan 2013

Matrix Gla Protein Reinforces Angiogenic Resolution, Bikram Sharma, Allan R. Albig

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

Matrix Gla Protein (MGP) is an ECM molecule commonly associated with dysfunctions of large blood vessels such as arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis. However, the exact role of MGP in the microvasculature is not clear. Utilizing a mouse MGP knockout model we found that MGP suppresses angiogenic sprouting from mouse aorta restricts microvascular density in cardiac and skeletal muscle, and is an endogenous inhibitor of tumor angiogenesis. Similarly, morpholino based knockdown of MGP in zebrafish embryos caused a progressive loss of luminal structures in intersegmental vessels, a phenotype reminiscent of Dll4/Notch inhibition. Accordingly, MGP suppressed Notch-dependent Hes-1 promoter activity and expression ...


Oxaliplatin And Oxaliplatin Derivatives: Synthesis, Characterization, And Reactivity With Biologically Relevant Ligands, Amy Poynter May 2012

Oxaliplatin And Oxaliplatin Derivatives: Synthesis, Characterization, And Reactivity With Biologically Relevant Ligands, Amy Poynter

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

Oxaliplatin is a third generation anticancer drug that has proven to be successful in fighting ovarian and testicular cancer. We are interested in determining how oxaliplatin and oxaliplatin derivatives interact with proteins, as well as how that interaction is affected by the size and shape of these platinum compounds. We have synthesized oxaliplatin as it is used in cancer treatment, as well as similar platinum compounds with the same diaminocyclohexane ligand as oxaliplatin but with additional bulk added to the nitrogen atoms. We are reacting oxaliplatin with key amino acids, including methionine, and will be comparing the kinetics of this ...


Cancer And You, Diah-Aldeen Judeh Jan 2012

Cancer And You, Diah-Aldeen Judeh

A with Honors Projects

This project discusses ways a person can identify cancer and what to do if cancer is present.


Investigating The Mechanism Of Nur77-Induced Apoptosis In T Cells, Heather E. Fogarty Jan 2012

Investigating The Mechanism Of Nur77-Induced Apoptosis In T Cells, Heather E. Fogarty

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Nur77 is a member of the orphan nuclear receptor family, where it is known to play an important role in apoptosis in both negative selection in T cells and in cancer cell lines. In the development of T cells, it is critical for the immune system to discriminate self from non-self by eliminating auto-reactive cells. It was originally thought that Nur77 initiated apoptosis by activating downstream gene targets. However, it is now clear that Nur77 has its own distinct role outside of the nucleus and the precise mechanisms by which Nur77 induces apoptosis in T cells still needs to be ...


Chemotherapy: The Physiological Cost Of A Cure, Megan Ellis Jan 2012

Chemotherapy: The Physiological Cost Of A Cure, Megan Ellis

A with Honors Projects

This project focuses on the common long term side effects of cancer treatments, apart from cure. In addition to physiological function changes, it focuses on the chemical composition of chemotherapy drugs.


Na/K-Atpase Mimetic Pnaktide Peptide Inhibits The Growth Of Human Cancer Cells, Zhichuan Li, Zhongbing Zhang, Joe X. Xie, Xin Li, Jiang Tian, Ting Cai, Hongaun Cui, Hanfei Ding, Joseph I. Shapiro Md, Zijian Xie Jul 2011

Na/K-Atpase Mimetic Pnaktide Peptide Inhibits The Growth Of Human Cancer Cells, Zhichuan Li, Zhongbing Zhang, Joe X. Xie, Xin Li, Jiang Tian, Ting Cai, Hongaun Cui, Hanfei Ding, Joseph I. Shapiro Md, Zijian Xie

Biochemistry and Microbiology

Cells contain a large pool of non-pumping Na/K-ATPase that participates in signal transduction. Here, we show that the expression of α1 Na/K-ATPase is significantly reduced in human prostate carcinoma as well as in several human cancer cell lines. This down-regulation impairs the ability of Na/K-ATPase to regulate Src-related signaling processes. Supplement of pNaKtide, a peptide derived from α1 Na/K-ATPase, reduces activities of Src and Src effectors. Consequently, these treatments stimulate apoptosis and inhibit growth in cultures of human cancer cells. Moreover, administration of pNaKtide inhibits angiogenesis and growth of tumor xenograft. Thus, the new findings demonstrate ...


In Vivo Investigations Of Polymer Conjugates As Therapeutics, Elizabeth M. Henchey Jan 2011

In Vivo Investigations Of Polymer Conjugates As Therapeutics, Elizabeth M. Henchey

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Polymer conjugates offer a way to introduce materials into the body that would normally be rejected or cause toxicity. Two polymers are investigated in vivo for uses in chemotherapeutic delivery, protein therapeutics, and DNA transfection. A novel polymer, polyMPC, has the ability to increase doxorubicin loading and its solubility, and is conjugated in a way to release its payload in a low pH environment. Through its conjugation, blood clearance time of doxorubicin is increased, and thus tumor exposure to the drug is increased with a single administration. It can be administered at ten times the concentration of free doxorubicin, and ...