Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Cancer Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 3 of 3

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Comparative Oncogenomics Identifies Novel Regulators And Clinical Relevance Of Neural Crest Identities In Melanoma, Arvind M. Venkatesan Dec 2017

Comparative Oncogenomics Identifies Novel Regulators And Clinical Relevance Of Neural Crest Identities In Melanoma, Arvind M. Venkatesan

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Cancers often resurrect embryonic molecular programs to promote disease progression. In melanomas, which are tumors of the neural crest (NC) lineage, a molecular signature of the embryonic NC is often reactivated. These NC factors have been implicated in promoting pro-tumorigenic features like proliferation, migration and therapy resistance. However, the molecular mechanisms that establish and maintain NC identities in melanomas are largely unknown. Additionally, whether the presence of a NC identity has any clinical relevance for patient melanomas is also unclear. Here, using comparative genomic approaches, I have a) identified a novel role for GDF6-activated BMP signaling in reawakening a NC ...


Identification Of Kit As A Suppressor Of Brafv600e-Mutant Melanoma, James V. Neiswender Nov 2017

Identification Of Kit As A Suppressor Of Brafv600e-Mutant Melanoma, James V. Neiswender

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Genetic changes acquired in the pigment producing cells of the skin, called melanocytes, can lead to formation of the deadly cancer melanoma. Mutations or amplifications leading to the activation of the RAS/MAPK pathway occur in more than 90% of melanomas. Melanocyte development and survival requires the stimulation of this pathway by the receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) KIT. In ~2% of melanomas, oncogenic KIT mutations drive tumor formation; however, the majority of melanomas lose wild-type KIT expression, suggesting that KIT could suppress melanoma formation. In human melanoma patients of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), we found an association between BRAF ...


Identification Of Novel Pathways That Promote Anoikis Through Genome-Wide Screens, Victoria E. Pedanou Oct 2016

Identification Of Novel Pathways That Promote Anoikis Through Genome-Wide Screens, Victoria E. Pedanou

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Epithelial cells that lose attachment to the extracellular matrix (ECM) undergo a specialized form of apoptosis called anoikis. Anoikis has an important role in preventing oncogenesis, particularly metastasis, by eliminating cells that lack proper ECM cues. The basis of anoikis resistance remains to be determined and to date has not been linked to alterations in expression or activity of previously identified anoikis effector genes. Here, I utilized two different screening strategies to identify novel anoikis effector genes and miRNAs in order to gain a deeper understanding of anoikis and the potential mechanisms of anoikis resistance in cancer.

Using large-scale RNA ...