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Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins

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Articles 1 - 30 of 79

Full-Text Articles in Cancer Biology

Role Of A 19s Proteasome Subunit- Psmd10(Gankyrin) In Neurogenesis Of Human Neuronal Progenitor Cells, Indrajit Sahu, Padma P. Nanaware, Minal Mane, Saim Wasi Mulla, Soumen Roy, Prasanna Venkatraman Aug 2019

Role Of A 19s Proteasome Subunit- Psmd10(Gankyrin) In Neurogenesis Of Human Neuronal Progenitor Cells, Indrajit Sahu, Padma P. Nanaware, Minal Mane, Saim Wasi Mulla, Soumen Roy, Prasanna Venkatraman

Open Access Articles

PSMD10(Gankyrin), a proteasome assembly chaperone, is a widely known oncoprotein which aspects many hall mark properties of cancer. However, except proteasome assembly chaperon function its role in normal cell function remains unknown. To address this issue, we induced PSMD10(Gankyrin) overexpression in HEK293 cells and the resultant large-scale changes in gene expression profile were analyzed. We constituted networks from microarray data of these differentially expressed genes and carried out extensive topological analyses. The overrecurring yet consistent theme that appeared throughout analysis using varied network metrics is that all genes and interactions identified as important would be involved in neurogenesis ...


Hsp90/Axl/Eif4e-Regulated Unfolded Protein Response As An Acquired Vulnerability In Drug-Resistant Kras-Mutant Lung Cancer, Haitang Yang, Shun-Qing Liang, Duo Xu, Zhang Yang, Thomas M. Marti, Yanyun Gao, Gregor J. Kocher, Heng Zhao, Ralph A. Schmid, Ren-Wang Peng Aug 2019

Hsp90/Axl/Eif4e-Regulated Unfolded Protein Response As An Acquired Vulnerability In Drug-Resistant Kras-Mutant Lung Cancer, Haitang Yang, Shun-Qing Liang, Duo Xu, Zhang Yang, Thomas M. Marti, Yanyun Gao, Gregor J. Kocher, Heng Zhao, Ralph A. Schmid, Ren-Wang Peng

Open Access Articles

Drug resistance and tumor heterogeneity are formidable challenges in cancer medicine, which is particularly relevant for KRAS-mutant cancers, the epitome of malignant tumors recalcitrant to targeted therapy efforts and first-line chemotherapy. In this study, we delineate that KRAS-mutant lung cancer cells resistant to pemetrexed (MTA) and anti-MEK drug trametinib acquire an exquisite dependency on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling, rendering resistant cancer cells selectively susceptible to blockage of HSP90, the receptor tyrosine kinase AXL, the eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E), and the unfolded protein response (UPR). Mechanistically, acquisition of drug resistance enables KRAS-mutant lung cancer cells to bypass canonical ...


Leptin Promotes Expression Of Emt-Related Transcription Factors And Invasion In A Src And Fak-Dependent Pathway In Mcf10a Mammary Epithelial Cells, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Miriam Zuñiga-Eulogio, Arvey Tacuba-Saavedra, Magdalena Bueno-Salgado, Andrea Sánchez-Carvajal, Yovani Vargas-Santiago, Miguel A. Mendoza-Catalán, Eduardo Pérez Salazar, Alejandra García-Hernández, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleón Navarro-Tito Aug 2019

Leptin Promotes Expression Of Emt-Related Transcription Factors And Invasion In A Src And Fak-Dependent Pathway In Mcf10a Mammary Epithelial Cells, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Miriam Zuñiga-Eulogio, Arvey Tacuba-Saavedra, Magdalena Bueno-Salgado, Andrea Sánchez-Carvajal, Yovani Vargas-Santiago, Miguel A. Mendoza-Catalán, Eduardo Pérez Salazar, Alejandra García-Hernández, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleón Navarro-Tito

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Leptin is one of the main adipokines secreted in breast tissue, and has been associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor progression in breast cancer. Leptin promotes EMT, cell migration and invasion in epithelial breast cells, leading to tumor progression. However, the molecular mechanism that underlies these events is not fully understood; however, the activation of different signaling pathways appears to be essential. In this sense, the effect of leptin on the activation of kinases like Src and FAK, which regulate signaling pathways that activate the EMT program, has not been completely described. Therefore, we investigated the involvement of these ...


Insulin Receptor Substrate-1 (Irs-1) And Irs-2 Expression Levels Are Associated With Prognosis In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Nsclc), Andrew J. Piper, Jennifer L. Clark, Jose R. Mercado-Matos, Asia N. Matthew-Onabanjo, Chung-Cheng Hsieh, Ali Akalin, Leslie M. Shaw Aug 2019

Insulin Receptor Substrate-1 (Irs-1) And Irs-2 Expression Levels Are Associated With Prognosis In Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (Nsclc), Andrew J. Piper, Jennifer L. Clark, Jose R. Mercado-Matos, Asia N. Matthew-Onabanjo, Chung-Cheng Hsieh, Ali Akalin, Leslie M. Shaw

Open Access Articles

The insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signaling pathway has been implicated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) outcomes and resistance to targeted therapies. However, little is known regarding the molecular mechanisms by which this pathway contributes to the biology of NSCLC. The insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins are cytoplasmic adaptor proteins that signal downstream of the IGF-1R and determine the functional outcomes of this signaling pathway. In this study, we assessed the expression patterns of IRS-1 and IRS-2 in NSCLC to identify associations between IRS-1 and IRS-2 expression levels and survival outcomes in the two major histological subtypes of NSCLC, adenocarcinoma ...


Inactivating Mutations And X-Ray Crystal Structure Of The Tumor Suppressor Opcml Reveal Cancer-Associated Functions, James R. Birtley, Zachary Maben, Grant C. Weaver, Mollie M. Jurewicz, Lawrence J. Stern, Chiara Recchi, Hani Gabra Jul 2019

Inactivating Mutations And X-Ray Crystal Structure Of The Tumor Suppressor Opcml Reveal Cancer-Associated Functions, James R. Birtley, Zachary Maben, Grant C. Weaver, Mollie M. Jurewicz, Lawrence J. Stern, Chiara Recchi, Hani Gabra

Open Access Articles

OPCML, a tumor suppressor gene, is frequently silenced epigenetically in ovarian and other cancers. Here we report, by analysis of databases of tumor sequences, the observation of OPCML somatic missense mutations from various tumor types and the impact of these mutations on OPCML function, by solving the X-ray crystal structure of this glycoprotein to 2.65 A resolution. OPCML consists of an extended arrangement of three immunoglobulin-like domains and homodimerizes via a network of contacts between membrane-distal domains. We report the generation of a panel of OPCML variants with representative clinical mutations and demonstrate clear phenotypic effects in vitro and ...


Edb-Fn Targeted Peptide–Drug Conjugates For Use Against Prostate Cancer, Shang Eun Park, Kiumars Shamloo, Timothy A. Kristedja, Shaban Darwish, Marco Bisoffi, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari Jul 2019

Edb-Fn Targeted Peptide–Drug Conjugates For Use Against Prostate Cancer, Shang Eun Park, Kiumars Shamloo, Timothy A. Kristedja, Shaban Darwish, Marco Bisoffi, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most common malignancy in men and is the leading cause of cancer-related male mortality. A disulfide cyclic peptide ligand [CTVRTSADC] 1 has been previously found to target extra domain B of fibronectin (EDB-FN) in the extracellular matrix that can dierentiate aggressive PCa from benign prostatic hyperplasia. We synthesized and optimized the stability of ligand 1 by amide cyclization to obtain [KTVRTSADE] 8 using Fmoc/tBu solid-phase chemistry. Optimized targeting ligand 8 was found to be stable in phosphate buered saline (PBS, pH 6.5, 7.0, and 7.5) and under redox conditions, with a ...


F-Box Protein Fbxo16 Functions As A Tumor Suppressor By Attenuating Nuclear Beta-Catenin Function, Debasish Paul, Sehbanul Islam, Rajesh Kumar. Manne, U. S. Dinesh, Sunil K. Malonia, Biswanath Maity, Ramanamurthy Boppana, Srikanth Rapole, Praveen Kumar Shetty, Manas Kumar Santra Jul 2019

F-Box Protein Fbxo16 Functions As A Tumor Suppressor By Attenuating Nuclear Beta-Catenin Function, Debasish Paul, Sehbanul Islam, Rajesh Kumar. Manne, U. S. Dinesh, Sunil K. Malonia, Biswanath Maity, Ramanamurthy Boppana, Srikanth Rapole, Praveen Kumar Shetty, Manas Kumar Santra

Open Access Articles

Aberrant activation of beta-catenin has been implicated in a variety of human diseases, including cancer. In spite of significant progress, the regulation of active Wnt/beta-catenin-signaling pathways is still poorly understood. In this study, we show that F-box protein 16 (FBXO16) is a putative tumor suppressor. It is a component of the SCF (SKP1-Cullin1-F-box protein) complex, which targets the nuclear beta-catenin protein to facilitate proteasomal degradation through the 26S proteasome. FBXO16 interacts physically with the C-terminal domain of beta-catenin and promotes its lysine 48-linked polyubiquitination. In addition, it inhibits epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) by attenuating the level of beta-catenin. Therefore, depletion ...


Pathognomonic And Epistatic Genetic Alterations In B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Man Chun John Ma, Benjamin J. Chen, Michael R. Green Jun 2019

Pathognomonic And Epistatic Genetic Alterations In B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Man Chun John Ma, Benjamin J. Chen, Michael R. Green

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) encompasses multiple clinically and phenotypically distinct subtypes of malignancy with unique molecular etiologies. Common subtypes of B-NHL such as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have been comprehensively interrogated at the genomic level, but other less common subtypes such as mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) remain sparsely characterized. Furthermore, multiple B-NHL subtypes have thus far not been comprehensively compared to identify conserved or subtype-specific patterns of genomic alterations. Here, we employed a large targeted hybrid-capture sequencing approach encompassing 380 genes to interrogate the genomic landscapes of 755 B-NHL tumors at high depth; primarily including DLBCL, MCL, follicular lymphoma ...


Extracellular-Signal Regulated Kinase: A Central Molecule Driving Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition In Cancer, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Miriam Daniela Zuniga-Eulogio, Miguel Angel Mendoza-Catalan, Hugo Alberto Rodriguez-Ruiz, Eduardo Castaneda-Saucedo, Carlos Ortuno-Pineda, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleon Navarro-Tito Jun 2019

Extracellular-Signal Regulated Kinase: A Central Molecule Driving Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition In Cancer, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Miriam Daniela Zuniga-Eulogio, Miguel Angel Mendoza-Catalan, Hugo Alberto Rodriguez-Ruiz, Eduardo Castaneda-Saucedo, Carlos Ortuno-Pineda, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleon Navarro-Tito

Open Access Articles

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a reversible cellular process, characterized by changes in gene expression and activation of proteins, favoring the trans-differentiation of the epithelial phenotype to a mesenchymal phenotype. This process increases cell migration and invasion of tumor cells, progression of the cell cycle, and resistance to apoptosis and chemotherapy, all of which support tumor progression. One of the signaling pathways involved in tumor progression is the MAPK pathway. Within this family, the ERK subfamily of proteins is known for its contributions to EMT. The ERK subfamily is divided into typical (ERK 1/2/5), and atypical (ERK 3/4 ...


Targeting Sec61Α By Ipomoeassin F Leads To Highly Cytotoxic Effect, Zhijian Hu May 2019

Targeting Sec61Α By Ipomoeassin F Leads To Highly Cytotoxic Effect, Zhijian Hu

Theses and Dissertations

Ipomoeassin F is a flagship congener of a resin glycoside family that inhibits growth of many tumor cell lines with only single-digital nanomolar IC50 values. However, biological and pharmacological mechanisms of ipomoeassin F have been undefined. To facilitate exploration of the biological and pharmacological properties, we performed sophisticate SAR (Structure–activity relationship) studies of ipomoeassin F to understand its pharmacophore and structure properties so that we can design favorable probes for further biological investigation. By applying appropriate deviates that possess fluorescent groups and similar bio-activity, the target protein was found to be localized in endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Through biotin affinity ...


Amphiphilic Peptides For Efficient Sirna Delivery, Saghar Mozaffari, Emira Bousoik, Farideh Amirrad, Robert Lamboy, Melissa Coyle, Ryley Hall, Abdulaziz Alasmari, Parvin Mahdipoor, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi Apr 2019

Amphiphilic Peptides For Efficient Sirna Delivery, Saghar Mozaffari, Emira Bousoik, Farideh Amirrad, Robert Lamboy, Melissa Coyle, Ryley Hall, Abdulaziz Alasmari, Parvin Mahdipoor, Keykavous Parang, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A number of amphiphilic cyclic peptides—[FR]4, [WR]5, and [WK]5—containing hydrophobic and positively-charged amino acids were synthesized by Fmoc/tBu solid-phase peptide methods and evaluated for their efficiency in intracellular delivery of siRNA to triple-negative breast cancer cell lines, MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468, in the presence and absence of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE). Among the peptides, [WR]5, which contains alternate tryptophan (W) and arginine (R) residues, was found to be the most efficient in the delivery of siRNA by improving the delivery by more than 3-fold when compared to other synthesized cyclic peptides that were not efficient ...


Therapeutic Peptide Sequences And Gatekeepers Loaded With Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, Dursitu Hassen Apr 2019

Therapeutic Peptide Sequences And Gatekeepers Loaded With Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles, Dursitu Hassen

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

The research community is developing and looking into new ways of effectively delivering anti-cancer treatment. According to National Cancer Institute over 1.5 million new cases of cancer are predicted in the United States, just alone in 2018. The major hurdles that have been identified by scientists are finding mechanisms that assist in decreasing the side effects of cancer treatment and to increase the effectiveness of the drug. In our lab, a highly toxic peptide sequence, SA-K6L9-AS is encapsulated in MSNs (mesoporous silica nanoparticles) and capped with a gatekeeper. The function of a gatekeeper is preventing ...


Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio Mar 2019

Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio

Arthur M. Mercurio

The function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cancer extends beyond angiogenesis and vascular permeability. Specifically, VEGF-mediated signaling occurs in tumor cells and this signaling contributes to key aspects of tumorigenesis including the self-renewal and survival of cancer stem cells (CSCs). In addition to VEGF receptor tyrosine kinases, the neuropilins (NRPs) are critical for mediating the effects of VEGF on CSCs, primarily because of their ability to impact the function of growth factor receptors and integrins. VEGF/NRP signaling can regulate the expression and function of key molecules that have been implicated in CSC function including Rho family guanosine ...


Small Peptide Ligands For Targeting Egfr In Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells, Hanieh Hossein-Nejad-Ariani, Emad Althagafi, Kamaljit Kaur Feb 2019

Small Peptide Ligands For Targeting Egfr In Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells, Hanieh Hossein-Nejad-Ariani, Emad Althagafi, Kamaljit Kaur

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

The efficacy of chemotherapy for cancer treatment can be increased by targeted drug delivery to the cancer cells. This is particularly important for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) for which chemotherapy is a major form of treatment. Here we designed and screened a library of 30 peptides starting with a previously reported epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) targeting peptide GE11 (YHWYGYTPQNVI). A direct peptide array-whole cell binding assay, where the peptides are conjugated to a cellulose membrane, was used to identify four peptides with enhanced binding to TNBC cells. Next, the four peptides were synthesized as FITC-labelled soluble peptides to ...


Microrna-29a Activates A Multi-Component Growth And Invasion Program In Glioblastoma, Yun Zhao, Wei Huang, Tae-Min Kim, Yuchae Jung, Lata G. Menon, Hongyan Xing, Hongwei Li, Rona S. Carroll, Peter J. Park, Hong Wei Yang, Mark D. Johnson Jan 2019

Microrna-29a Activates A Multi-Component Growth And Invasion Program In Glioblastoma, Yun Zhao, Wei Huang, Tae-Min Kim, Yuchae Jung, Lata G. Menon, Hongyan Xing, Hongwei Li, Rona S. Carroll, Peter J. Park, Hong Wei Yang, Mark D. Johnson

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma is a malignant brain tumor characterized by rapid growth, diffuse invasion and therapeutic resistance. We recently used microRNA expression profiles to subclassify glioblastoma into five genetically and clinically distinct subclasses, and showed that microRNAs both define and contribute to the phenotypes of these subclasses. Here we show that miR-29a activates a multi-faceted growth and invasion program that promotes glioblastoma aggressiveness.

METHODS: microRNA expression profiles from 197 glioblastomas were analyzed to identify the candidate miRNAs that are correlated to glioblastoma aggressiveness. The candidate miRNA, miR-29a, was further studied in vitro and in vivo.

RESULTS: Members of the miR-29 subfamily ...


Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio Jan 2019

Vegf/Neuropilin Signaling In Cancer Stem Cells, Arthur M. Mercurio

Open Access Articles

The function of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in cancer extends beyond angiogenesis and vascular permeability. Specifically, VEGF-mediated signaling occurs in tumor cells and this signaling contributes to key aspects of tumorigenesis including the self-renewal and survival of cancer stem cells (CSCs). In addition to VEGF receptor tyrosine kinases, the neuropilins (NRPs) are critical for mediating the effects of VEGF on CSCs, primarily because of their ability to impact the function of growth factor receptors and integrins. VEGF/NRP signaling can regulate the expression and function of key molecules that have been implicated in CSC function including Rho family guanosine ...


Hdl In Endocrine Carcinomas: Biomarker, Drug Carrier, And Potential Therapeutic, Emily E. Morin, Xiang-An Li, Anna Schwendeman Nov 2018

Hdl In Endocrine Carcinomas: Biomarker, Drug Carrier, And Potential Therapeutic, Emily E. Morin, Xiang-An Li, Anna Schwendeman

Physiology Faculty Publications

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) have long been studied for their protective role against cardiovascular diseases, however recently relationship between HDL and cancer came into focus. Several epidemiological studies have shown an inverse correlation between HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and cancer risk, and some have even implied that HDL-C can be used as a predictive measure for survival prognosis in for specific sub-population of certain types of cancer. HDL itself is an endogenous nanoparticle capable of removing excess cholesterol from the periphery and returning it to the liver for excretion. One of the main receptors for HDL, scavenger receptor type B-I (SR-BI), is highly ...


Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastatic Growth Depends On Pad4-Driven Citrullination Of The Extracellular Matrix, A. E. Yuzhalin, A. N. Gordon-Weeks, M. L. Tognoli, K. Jones, B. Markelc, R. Konietzny, R. Fischer, Aaron Muth, E. O'Neill, Paul R. Thompson, P. J. Venables, B. M. Kessler, S. Y. Lim, R. J. Muschel Nov 2018

Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastatic Growth Depends On Pad4-Driven Citrullination Of The Extracellular Matrix, A. E. Yuzhalin, A. N. Gordon-Weeks, M. L. Tognoli, K. Jones, B. Markelc, R. Konietzny, R. Fischer, Aaron Muth, E. O'Neill, Paul R. Thompson, P. J. Venables, B. M. Kessler, S. Y. Lim, R. J. Muschel

Open Access Articles

Citrullination of proteins, a post-translational conversion of arginine residues to citrulline, is recognized in rheumatoid arthritis, but largely undocumented in cancer. Here we show that citrullination of the extracellular matrix by cancer cell derived peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) is essential for the growth of liver metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC). Using proteomics, we demonstrate that liver metastases exhibit higher levels of citrullination and PAD4 than unaffected liver, primary CRC or adjacent colonic mucosa. Functional significance for citrullination in metastatic growth is evident in murine models where inhibition of citrullination substantially reduces liver metastatic burden. Additionally, citrullination of a key matrix ...


Development Of A Pd-L1 Pet Imaging Biomarker, Caleb Jack Bridgwater Nov 2018

Development Of A Pd-L1 Pet Imaging Biomarker, Caleb Jack Bridgwater

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Immunotherapy strategies are very promising treatments for cancer patients. Specifically, Immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy focusing on the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway shows long-lasting positive results in many cancer patients. Unfortunately, not all the patients can benefit from this highly effective treatment. Hence, there is a great need for predictive biomarkers. Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining has been used as a way of predicting patient response, yet shows many problems. For example, IHC utilizes an invasive biopsy and sample fixing, which creates an incomplete and delayed picture of the patient’s biochemistry and the tumor microenvironment, consequently ignoring metastases.

The purpose of this study ...


Signaling Pathways Induced By Leptin During Epithelial(-)Mesenchymal Transition In Breast Cancer, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Juan Carlos Juarez-Cruz, Miguel A. Mendoza-Catalan, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleon Navarro-Tito Nov 2018

Signaling Pathways Induced By Leptin During Epithelial(-)Mesenchymal Transition In Breast Cancer, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Juan Carlos Juarez-Cruz, Miguel A. Mendoza-Catalan, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleon Navarro-Tito

Open Access Articles

Leptin is an adipokine that is overexpressed in obese and overweight people. Interestingly, women with breast cancer present high levels of leptin and of its receptor ObR. Leptin plays an important role in breast cancer progression due to the biological processes it participates in, such as epithelial(-)mesenchymal transition (EMT). EMT consists of a series of orchestrated events in which cell(-)cell and cell(-)extracellular matrix interactions are altered and lead to the release of epithelial cells from the surrounding tissue. The cytoskeleton is also re-arranged, allowing the three-dimensional movement of epithelial cells into the extracellular matrix. This transition provides ...


Rare Gene Fusion Rearrangement Sptnb1-Pdgfrb In An Atypical Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Vanessa Fiorini Furtado, Neeraj Y. Saini, William V. Walsh, Venu G. Bathini, Patricia M. Miron Oct 2018

Rare Gene Fusion Rearrangement Sptnb1-Pdgfrb In An Atypical Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Vanessa Fiorini Furtado, Neeraj Y. Saini, William V. Walsh, Venu G. Bathini, Patricia M. Miron

Open Access Articles

The 2016 revision to the World Health Organization classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia recognizes a distinct class of myeloid and lymphoid tumors with eosinophilia-related proliferations associated with specific gene rearrangements, one of which involves rearrangements of platelet-derived growth factor receptor B (PDGFRB) gene. We report a case of a rare PDGFRB rearrangement with SPTNB1 (spectrin beta, nonerythrocytic 1) that presented as atypical myeloproliferative neoplasm.


Generation And Characterization Of Monoclonal Antibodies That Recognize Human And Murine Supervillin Protein Isoforms, Tara C. Smith, Richard G. Saul, Elisabeth R. Barton, Elizabeth J. Luna Oct 2018

Generation And Characterization Of Monoclonal Antibodies That Recognize Human And Murine Supervillin Protein Isoforms, Tara C. Smith, Richard G. Saul, Elisabeth R. Barton, Elizabeth J. Luna

Open Access Articles

Supervillin isoforms have been implicated in cell proliferation, actin filament-based motile processes, vesicle trafficking, and signal transduction. However, an understanding of the roles of these proteins in cancer metastasis and physiological processes has been limited by the difficulty of obtaining specific antibodies against these highly conserved membrane-associated proteins. To facilitate research into the biological functions of supervillin, monoclonal antibodies were generated against the bacterially expressed human supervillin N-terminus. Two chimeric monoclonal antibodies with rabbit Fc domains (clones 1E2/CPTC-SVIL-1; 4A8/CPTC-SVIL-2) and two mouse monoclonal antibodies (clones 5A8/CPTC-SVIL-3; 5G3/CPTC-SVIL-4) were characterized with respect to their binding sites, affinities ...


Opposing Roles Of Fancj And Hltf Protect Forks And Restrain Replication During Stress, Min Peng, Ke Cong, Nicholas J. Panzarino, Sumeet Nayak, Jennifer Calvo, Bin Deng, Lihua Julie Zhu, Monika Morocz, Lili Hegedus, Lajos Haracska, Sharon B. Cantor Sep 2018

Opposing Roles Of Fancj And Hltf Protect Forks And Restrain Replication During Stress, Min Peng, Ke Cong, Nicholas J. Panzarino, Sumeet Nayak, Jennifer Calvo, Bin Deng, Lihua Julie Zhu, Monika Morocz, Lili Hegedus, Lajos Haracska, Sharon B. Cantor

Open Access Articles

The DNA helicase FANCJ is mutated in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer and Fanconi anemia (FA). Nevertheless, how loss of FANCJ translates to disease pathogenesis remains unclear. We addressed this question by analyzing proteins associated with replication forks in cells with or without FANCJ. We demonstrate that FANCJ-knockout (FANCJ-KO) cells have alterations in the replisome that are consistent with enhanced replication stress, including an aberrant accumulation of the fork remodeling factor helicase-like transcription factor (HLTF). Correspondingly, HLTF contributes to fork degradation in FANCJ-KO cells. Unexpectedly, the unrestrained DNA synthesis that characterizes HLTF-deficient cells is FANCJ dependent and correlates with S1 ...


Direct Quantification Of Deubiquitinating Enzyme Activity In Single Intact Cells, Nora Safabakhsh Aug 2018

Direct Quantification Of Deubiquitinating Enzyme Activity In Single Intact Cells, Nora Safabakhsh

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Challenges in drug efficacy occur during the treatment of most types of cancer due to the heterogeneity of the tumor microenvironment. This has led to the development of personalized medicine. Due to the clinical success of the proteasome inhibitors Bortezomib and Carfilzomib in treatment of multiple myeloma, interest has shifted towards molecularly-targeted chemotherapeutics for ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS). Deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) are an essential part of this pathway which have been found to promote Bortezomib resistance in multiple myeloma patients. Unfortunately, there is a lack of specific, high throughput biochemical assays to characterize DUB activity in patient samples before and after ...


Characterization Of Theranostic Peptides For Glioblastoma Multiforme, Aaron Mellesmoen Aug 2018

Characterization Of Theranostic Peptides For Glioblastoma Multiforme, Aaron Mellesmoen

All NMU Master's Theses

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a type of primary CNS tumor in which viable treatment options do not exist. Standard of care including tumor resection, chemotherapy, and radiation does little to extend the 5-year survival expectancy past 5.1%. Herein, two small-peptide molecules with inherent antitumor activity, blood-brain barrier permeability, and capability for tumor-specific drug deliverance and intraoperative visualization (termed theranostic) were of focus. Confocal microscopy was employed to characterize in vitro specificity of chlorotoxin, a 4 kDa scorpion venom peptide, and rBSG, the recombinant 25 kDa non-glycosylated extracellular domain of extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN; Basigin ...


“Do We Know Jack” About Jak? A Closer Look At Jak/Stat Signaling Pathway, Emira Bousoik, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi Jul 2018

“Do We Know Jack” About Jak? A Closer Look At Jak/Stat Signaling Pathway, Emira Bousoik, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK) family of proteins have been identified as crucial proteins in signal transduction initiated by a wide range of membrane receptors. Among the proteins in this family JAK2 has been associated with important downstream proteins, including signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs), which in turn regulate the expression of a variety of proteins involved in induction or prevention of apoptosis. Therefore, the JAK/STAT signaling axis plays a major role in the proliferation and survival of different cancer cells, and may even be involved in resistance mechanisms against molecularly targeted drugs. Despite extensive research focused on ...


Llc Tumor Cells-Derivated Factors Reduces Adipogenesis In Co-Culture System, Magno Alves Lopes, Felipe Oliveira Franco, Felipe Henriques, Sidney Barnabe Peres, Miguel Luiz Batista Jr. Jul 2018

Llc Tumor Cells-Derivated Factors Reduces Adipogenesis In Co-Culture System, Magno Alves Lopes, Felipe Oliveira Franco, Felipe Henriques, Sidney Barnabe Peres, Miguel Luiz Batista Jr.

Open Access Articles

Cancer cachexia (CC) is a multifactorial syndrome with an unknown etiology. The primary symptom is the progressive reduction of the body weight. Recently, down-regulation of adipogenic and lipogenic genes were demonstrated to be early affected during cachexia progression in adipose tissue (AT), resulting in AT remodeling. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate in a co-culture system the influence of the Lewis Lung Carcinoma (LLC) tumor cells (c/c-LLC) in an established pre-adipocyte cell line 3T3-L1 adipogenic capacity. c/c-LLC in the presence of 3T3-L1 caused a reduction in lipids accumulation, suggesting that secretory tumor cells products may affect adipogenesis. Interestingly ...


Design, Synthesis, And Evaluation Of Homochiral Peptides Containing Arginine And Histidine As Molecular Transporters, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Taryn Miyake, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Shang Eun Park, Jimmy Clark, Stephani Buchholz, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari Jun 2018

Design, Synthesis, And Evaluation Of Homochiral Peptides Containing Arginine And Histidine As Molecular Transporters, Naglaa Salem El-Sayed, Taryn Miyake, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Shang Eun Park, Jimmy Clark, Stephani Buchholz, Keykavous Parang, Rakesh Tiwari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Linear (HR)n and cyclic [HR]n peptides (n = 4,5) containing alternate arginine and histidine residues were synthesized. The peptides showed 0–15% cytotoxicity at 5–100 μM in human ovarian adenocarcinoma (SK-OV-3) cells while they exhibited 0–12% toxicity in human leukemia cancer cell line (CCRF-CEM). Among all peptides, cyclic [HR]4 peptide was able to improve the delivery of a cell impermeable fluorescence-labeled phosphopeptide by two-fold. Fatty acids of different alkyl chain length were attached at the N-terminal of the linear peptide (HR)4 to improve the molecular transporter property. Addition of fatty acyl chains was expected ...


Identification Of A Novel Invasion-Promoting Region In Insulin Receptor Substrate 2, Jose Mercado-Matos, Jenny Janusis, Sha Zhu, Samuel S. Chen, Leslie M. Shaw Jun 2018

Identification Of A Novel Invasion-Promoting Region In Insulin Receptor Substrate 2, Jose Mercado-Matos, Jenny Janusis, Sha Zhu, Samuel S. Chen, Leslie M. Shaw

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Although the insulin receptor substrate (IRS) proteins IRS1 and IRS2 share considerable homology and activate common signaling pathways, their contributions to breast cancer are distinct. IRS1 has been implicated in the proliferation and survival of breast tumor cells. In contrast, IRS2 facilitates glycolysis, invasion, and metastasis. To determine the mechanistic basis for IRS2-dependent functions, we investigated unique structural features of IRS2 that are required for invasion. Our studies revealed that the ability of IRS2 to promote invasion is dependent upon upstream insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R)/insulin receptor (IR) activation and the recruitment and activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K ...


Efficient Intracellular Delivery Of Cell-Impermeable Cargo Molecules By Peptides Containing Tryptophan And Histidine, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Saghar Mozaffari, Rinzhin Tshering Sherpa, Rakesh Tiwari, Keykavous Parang Jun 2018

Efficient Intracellular Delivery Of Cell-Impermeable Cargo Molecules By Peptides Containing Tryptophan And Histidine, Amir Nasrolahi Shirazi, Saghar Mozaffari, Rinzhin Tshering Sherpa, Rakesh Tiwari, Keykavous Parang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

We have previously evaluated and reported numerous classes of linear and cyclic peptides containing hydrophobic and hydrophilic segments for intracellular delivery of multiple molecular cargos. Herein, a combination of histidine and tryptophan amino acids were designed and evaluated for their efficiency in intracellular delivery of cell-impermeable phosphopeptides and the anti-HIV drug, emtricitabine. Two new decapeptides, with linear and cyclic natures, both containing alternate tryptophan and histidine residues, were synthesized using Fmoc/tBu solid-phase chemistry. The peptides were characterized and purified by using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) spectroscopy and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), respectively. These peptides did not show significant ...